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bridge components

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article illustrates the defects, which result because of poor-quality welds in the bridge components. The cracks resulting from the use of low fatigue strength details are also discussed. The article describes the effect of out-of-plane distortion in floor-beam-girder connection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006833
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
..., and/or maintenance are also discussed. In addition, the article provides information on traffic damage and fatigue cracking that result in bridge failures. The need for steels with better fracture toughness in bridge design is also discussed. bridge components bridge design bridge failures fatigue cracking...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... in the junction piece. Stresses induced during jacking (the procedure used to raise bridge components into position) applied the stresses in the critical radius that triggered the cracking. Bridges (structures) Girders Redesign Steel plate ASTM A588 ASTM A36 Brittle fracture Introduction...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... , Failures of Bridge Components , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1986 , p 707 – 714 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001821 • Failures Related to Welding , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 156 – 191...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... to the cantilevered spans. The eyebars may carry some side load resulting from fitup errors or from lateral components of any forces created by the live loads. They also carry bending loads in the plane of the eyebars as the bridge expands and contracts. These bending loads are restricted to the values which can...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... because many structural components are subjected to high loading rates while in service, or must survive high loading rates during accident conditions. From the instrumented charpy results and the dynamic toughness data, it can be observed how the bridge samples reacted during dynamic loading conditions...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001600
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Abstract This paper summarizes the results of a failure analysis investigation of a fractured main support bridge made of 7075 aluminum alloy from an army helicopter. The part, manufactured by “Contractor IT,” failed component fatigue testing while those of the original equipment manufacturer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006830
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... components of lifting equipment in three categories: Cranes and bridges, particularly those for outdoor and other low-temperature service Attachments used for direct lifting, such as hooks, chains, wire rope, slings, beams, bales and trunnions, and the members to which they are attached...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article focuses on the mechanisms and common causes of failure of metal components in lifting equipment in the following three categories: cranes and bridges, particularly those for outdoor and other low-temperature service; attachments used for direct lifting, such as hooks...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... survey, potential and corrosion mapping, concrete chemistry, and concrete physical properties. The major cause of corrosion damage appears to have been the presence of both pre-existing and environmentally-delivered chlorides in the concrete. Bridges Cements Chlorides Support beams Steel beam...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... on the processes involved in RCA and the charting methods that may be useful in RCA and ends with a description of various factors associated with failure prevention. corrosion distortion failure prevention fracture quality assurance root cause analysis wear MACHINES, COMPONENTS, and the materials...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003516
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to ensure ease of analysis and test coupled with realism. For any component (aircraft, automobile, ship, or bridge), the type of loading(s) must be defined and quantified. In all these instances, there are two major types of loads—operator-induced loads and environmentally induced loads. Operator-induced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... equipment, pipelines, bridge components, and boilers. Some of the content in this article also overlaps with those articles dealing with failure analysis in general and other related topics. Two broad categories of weld failures exist: the failure of the weld to initially join the material as intended...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006768
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in which XRD can be applied to the characterization of residual stresses in a component or assembly and to the subsequent evaluation of corrective actions that alter the residual-stress state of a component for the purposes of preventing, minimizing, or eradicating the contribution of residual stress...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... structural components structural design LIFE ASSESSMENT of structural components is used to avoid catastrophic failures and to maintain safe and reliable functioning of equipment. The articles in the “Structural Life Assessment Methods” Section in this Volume are written to provide an overview...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003526
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... analysis microelectronics piping pressure vessel FAILURE of a structural or mechanical component usually can be associated with materials-related problems and/or design-related problems (which may include, depending on the definition of design, unexpected service environment). Materials failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006802
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Abstract Life assessment of structural components is used to avoid catastrophic failures and to maintain safe and reliable functioning of equipment. The failure investigator's input is essential for the meaningful life assessment of structural components. This article provides an overview...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and bridges. These analyses are also required as part of the design qualification of nuclear power plants. Similar types of dynamic vibration analyses are performed for aircraft components, high-speed transport systems, and spacecraft. All these critical applications are subject to vibrations that can cause...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001653
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... components made of different alloys in the same valve, but this is not the best approach for all applications. Dezincification Valves Water pipelines Leaded red brass Silicon brass Dealloying/selective leaching Galvanic corrosion After six years of service, three water valves on a copper...