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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c0046956
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
...Abstract Abstract A brazing-furnace muffle 34 cm (13 in.) wide, 26 cm (10 in.) high, and 198 cm (78 in.) long, was fabricated from nickel-base high-temperature alloy sheet and installed in a gas-fired furnace used for copper brazing of various assemblies. The operating temperature of the muffle...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Fig. 2 Photo-micrograph of preferential attack on brazing alloy. (×100). Fig. 1 Section through brazed header assembly showing location of cracking. Abstract Abstract Persistent leakage was experienced from copper tube heaters which formed part of dairy equipment...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047749
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Fig. 1 Section through the cracked wall of a type 321 stainless steel pressure tube (region A) showing the branched transgranular nature of the crack. The crack origin (arrow B) was at the inner surface of the tube, next to the braze (region C) joining the tube to the reinforcing liner (region...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047745
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Fig. 1 Segments of a type 321 stainless steel radar coolant-system assembly that broke at a brazed joint between a bellows and a cup because of inadequate bonding between the brazing alloy and the stainless steel. (a) Portions of the broken coolant-system assembly; bellows is at A, cup at B...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Fig. 1 Waspaloy (AMS 5586) spray-manifold tube that failed by fatigue fracture because of embrittlement by penetration of molten braze metal. (a) Macrograph showing fracture at the edge of the brazed joint between the tube and the sleeve. 4×. (b) Fractograph showing granular, discolored region...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Fig. 1 Type 347 stainless steel pressure-probe housing that failed by fatigue fracture because of voids in a brazed joint. (a) Photograph of opening produced in housing by detachment of a segment at time of fracture. 5 1 4 ×. Large region indicated by arrows is devoid of braze metal...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047720
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
.... The weldments were finally secured to the bases of the turbine blades by a brazing operation. One of the laser beam attachment welds broke after a 28-h engine test run. Exposure of the fracture surface for study under the electron microscope revealed the joint had broken in stress rupture. Failure was caused...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001312
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... of the upper brazed joint Fig. 8 Impingement pitting on the inner surface of the tubular component Fig. 9 Typical microhardness variations in the lower tubular portion Fig. 10 Deformation behavior of tensile test specimens taken from the HAZ of the upper brazed joint as well...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... a. Cross section etched with FeCl 3 + HCl + ethanol. 500× Microstructure of steel at the thinner cross section. b. Cross section etched with FeCl 3 + HCl + ethanol 500× Microstructure of steel at the thicker cross section. Fig. 4 a. Microstructure in the vicinity of the brazed zone, cross...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0006440
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract A failed laser mirror and another complete mirror of the same construction were analyzed. The laser mirror consisted of three layers of material brazed together to form channels through which the cooling water flows. Samples were analyzed with light optical and scanning...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001494
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... be seen as grain-boundary network and within the grains. Abstract Abstract Diode leads that were to be made from OFHC copper were instead made from copper with high oxygen content. The leads had a nickel underplating, a gold final plating, and were brazed to the diode package in a hydrogen...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... responsible. The material was a Cr-Mo-Ni alloy steel of the En 19 type in the hardened and tempered condition and of satisfactory quality. The assembly also included a copper sleeve attached by a circumferential braze behind the plane of fracture. The cracks were examined for the presence of copper, thinking...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001410
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
...Abstract Abstract A brass elbow that formed one termination of a steam heating coil failed adjacent to the brazed connection after ten years of service. Chemical analysis showed that the elbow was made from a 60-40 CuZn brass containing 3% lead and 1% tin, a typical alloy used...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... of cracking in service. The filler metal used was not resistant to the conditions to which it was exposed. Copper welding rods as per BS 1077 or a Cu-Ag-P brazing alloy as recommended in BS 699, would have been preferable. Dezincification Filler metals Materials selection Water pipelines Welded...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001239
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
.... Transverse section. Etch: V2A pickle. 75× Abstract Abstract A coil made of a nickel-chromium alloy (Material No. 2.4869) with approx. 80Ni and 20Cr had burned through after a brief period of operation as a heating element in a brazing furnace. The protective atmosphere consisted of an incompletely...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001090
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract A stainless steel flexible connector failed after a short period of service. Visual examination of the failed part revealed that a fracture had occurred in the thin-walled stainless steel bellows brazed into the flanges at each end. Surface examination by SEM fractography...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... or copper alloys containing oxygen if they are brazed in a reducing flame containing an excess of hydrogen. The bars of an 80 kW squirrel cage rotor broke off in serve at the junction with the end rings, as seen in Figure 16 . 9 The oxidised fracture surfaces marked A, had a hammered appearance...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047636
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... and cracks at both sides of the apex of the notch. (b) Fracture near the brazed flange (left) after repair welding of the boss V-joint Investigation Conclusions Corrective Measures Selected References Selected References • Failures Related to Welding , Failure Analysis and Prevention...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... from liquid-droplet impingement in the last blade row by local hardening (by flame or induction heating), brazed-on shields of Stellite 6B, or welded-on hard facing. Helicopter rotors are made of titanium sheet laid over a structural framework and pressurized internally with nitrogen, or of fiber...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... , Embrittlement by Liquid and Solid Metal , Kamdar M.H. , Ed., TMS/AIME 24. Holbert R.K. Jr. , Dobbins A.G. , and Bennett R.K. Jr. , Copper Contamination Cracking in Thin Stainless Steel Sheet , Weld. J. , Aug 1987 , p 38 25. McDonalt M.M. Corrosion of Brazed...