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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001845
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... The investigation results suggest that the root cause of failure was a forging lap that occurred during manufacturing. Precracks induced by the forging defect and the influence of preload stress (due to bolt torque) caused the premature failure. cable clamps brittle fracture forging overlap copper alloy...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001721
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
.... Metallographic methods were used to diagnose and provide solutions for the service failure. Included are photos showing crack propagation morphology and fracture surface appearance. Bolts Torque Valves ASTM A574 UNS K03104 Stress-corrosion cracking The study and understanding of stress corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001649
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract Two titanium alloy wing attachment bolts from a commercial jetliner failed during the course of a routine service operation. Failure of the bolts occurred during the re-torque process as the wing was being reattached. Metallurgical failure analysis indicated that the fracture mechanism...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001668
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... the lower vessel and maintaining a seal. After the failure occurred, it was discovered that the bolts were being incorrectly torqued to 69 Nm rather than to 40 Nm. The explosion occurred three hours after furnace startup. The same bolts had been used previously in one other similar test that ran one week...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0048626
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... Abstract Cadmium-plated high-strength steel bolts were used to facilitate quick disassembly of a vehicle. One bolt was found fractured across the root of a thread after being torqued in place for one week. The bolts were made of 8735 steel heat treated to a tensile strength of 1241 to 1379 MPa...
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 6 Fractograph of detrimentally over-torqued bolt. More
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Published: 01 December 2019
Fig. 4 Removal torque (Nm) of the cylinder head bolts during the engine disassembly More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract The heads of two AISI 8740 steel bolts severed while being installed into an Army tank recoil mechanism. Both broke into two pieces at the head-to-shank radius and the required torque value had not been attained nor exceeded prior to the failure. A total of 69 bolts from inventory...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001728
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... that failure was due to improper installation torqueing of the bolts. Aircraft components Aircraft Bolts Propellers Torque Steel Fretting wear Fatigue fracture Careful examination of flight log data, maintenance reports, accident reports, and statements of witnesses indicated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0048630
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... to finger-tightness, and the consequent wrench torquing caused the actual fractures. The very small radius of the fillet between the bolt head and the shank undoubtedly accentuated the embrittling effect of the hydrogen. To prevent reoccurrence, the cleaning and cadmium-plating procedures were stipulated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001381
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract A helicopter main rotor bolt failed in the black-coated region between the threads and the taper section of the shank during assembly. The torque applied was approximately 100 N·m (900 in.·lbf) when the bolt sheared. No other bolts were reported to have failed. The failed bolt material...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0006899
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... serve as a replacement material. Based on test results, the solution to the hydrogen-stress cracking problem consisted of changing the bolt from type 410 to 305 stainless steel, eliminating use of MoS2, and limiting the torque to 60 N·m (540 in.·lb). Bolts, Materials substitution Lubricants...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001742
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
.... The assigned main causes were design deficiency, improper maintenance during overhaul, and abnormal service operation. The problem can be solved by proper overhauling that ensures bolted assemblies are tightened evenly and accurately, in accordance with recommended torque values. Also, the manufacturer made...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... by eliminating the bolt hole, using a different type of bolt, or adjusting the fastening torque. cylinder head overload failure overtorquing cast aluminum alloy casting pores metallurgical analysis thermomechanical fatigue strength EN 46200 (aluminum alloy AlSi8Cu3) Introduction Cylinder...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001903
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... features typical of low stress intensity fatigue of aluminum alloys. The fatigue resulted from abnormal fretting owing to inadequate torquing of the main retention bolts. Aircraft maintenance engineers and owners were advised to adhere to specifications when torquing this joint. Aircraft components...
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Published: 01 December 1992
Fig. 17 Finite-element models. (a)“As built” flange-to-valve body juncture with bolt load from torqued studs (in increments of approximately 91 70 kPa, or 133- psi). (b)“Corroded at fracture” flange-to-valve body juncture with bolt load from torqued studs (in increments of approximately 10,600 More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... the result of insufficient torque on the bolts. Bending fatigue ASTM A574 UNS K03104 Fatigue fracture Background A 20 ton polar crane motor fell during a 3400 kg (7500 lb) lift, narrowly missing personnel working beneath the crane. Witnesses reported that the motor fall was preceded...
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 4 Section of type 410 stainless steel bolt. Quenched from 1010 °C (1850 °F), then tempered at 425 °C (800 °F) for 1 h. Bolt (cathode) broke under a torque of 70 N · m (600 in. · lb) after being hydrogen charged in 5% H 2 SO 4 solution. 185× More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006805
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... is tension, which is set up by stretching the bolt during tightening, whereas the most important stress in the nut is the shear stress in the threads. If both the bolt and the nut had perfectly matched threads and both elements were inelastic, the torque load would be evenly distributed over all...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001306
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... origins around the circumference. There was no indication that any microstructural characteristics of the material contributed to the failure. Inclusions that were present were small and relatively few in number. Failure to check the torque of the inner wheel nuts as per the manufacturer's recommendation...