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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c9001519
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... to change its cleaning practice from pickling to grit blasting. Bolts Pickling Vertical milling machines 4340 UNS G43400 Hydrogen damage and embrittlement Surface treatment related failures Problem The AISI 4340 alloy steel draw-in bolt and the collet from a vertical-spindle milling...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0091318
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... to deep-purple discoloration on the metal, avoiding the formation of black scale. It was also recommended that the scale and discoloration of the welds at the outlet and HAZs be removed by abrasive blast cleaning and that the interior of the completed tanks be passivated, using either 22% HNO 3 at 60 ┬░C...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006804
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Abstract This article addresses the effects of damage to equipment and structures due to explosions (blast), fire, and heat as well as the methodologies that are used by investigating teams to assess the damage and remaining life of the equipment. It discusses the steps involved in preliminary...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... used for the storage of potable water. The tank was internally inspected for the first time after six years of service. Paint blisters and rust spots were observed on the bottom plates and first to third course shell plates. Sand blasting and repainting of the bottom plates and first course shell...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... are usually removed by vapor degreasing. Heavy oxide or mill scale should be removed by either chemical pickling or mechanical cleaning, such as grinding, grit blasting, or wire brushing. When grit blasting, such materials as sand or aluminum oxide should not be used, because they impart a refractory barrier...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... showing the faint horizontal striations and fine steps Fig. 7 Misaligned pipe supports at a pipe mill storage yard Abstract A newly installed pipeline leaked during cleaning prior to hydrotest at a pressure of approximately 400 psig. The intended hydrotest pressure was 750 psig...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001328
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... showing deformation due to applied moment Testing Procedures and Results Nondestructive Evaluation Dye Penetrant Testing All system components were abrasively blasted with ground walnut shells prior to inspection and selection of specimens. The intent was to provide a clean test surface...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001347
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
..., and to flare through vent-line connections at numerous locations. The flare was provided with a nitrogen purge system which flowed toward the flare. Normally, the storage facility would fill tank cars that had the same service or had been cleaned and inerted. Approximately three months prior to the failure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001608
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... Steel Much of the world's production of steel is used in the hot rolled or as-rolled condition. Hot rolled steel is one of the basic raw materials of industry and is transported great distances throughout the world. Usually there is no surface treatment (such as blasting, painting, or galvanizing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... method on the list is considered nondestructive. These include: Removal of debris with a blast of pressurized gas or air Brushing with a soft, nonscratching brush Washing with organic solvents Use of an ultrasonic cleaning bath and appropriate solvents. The use of an ultrasonic cleaning...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... satisfactory methods of cleaning surfaces so that they can have microfractographic examination conducted on them. If litigation may be involved, only the last method on the list is considered nondestructive. These include: Removal of debris with a blast of pressurized gas or air Brushing with a soft...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., composition of fuel, amount of excess combustion air, type and amount of water-conditioning chemicals added, type and amount of contaminants in condensate and make-up feedwater, frequency and methods of cleaning fire-side and water-side surfaces of steam generators, materials specified as to alloy...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of obliterating debris and dirt, or to prepare the fracture surface for SEM examination. Other acceptable cleaning procedures include use of a dry-air blast or of a soft-hair artist's brush; treating with inorganic solvents, either by immersion or by jet; treating with mild acid or alkaline solutions (depending...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001769
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... and Firmicutes bacteria. The result supports the observation made by previous investigators [ 33 , 34 ], who noticed urease positive in CPB. The 16s rRNA gene sequence of the CPB isolates were blasted against Genbank sequences, and the phylogenic tree was constructed with the closely related genera. Hammes...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001713
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... it, were propelled approximately 17m (50 ft) by the blast. Four of the five employees unloading the blender were killed in the explosion and ensuing fire, and a fifth employee died of burns a week later. Four other employees escaped with minor injuries, and approximately 300 people were evacuated from...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... are created by blast furnaces, cleaning tanks, plating tanks, and exposure to outdoor elements. Figure 5 shows corrosion failure of a steel wire rope that operated partially underwater. Fig. 5 Steel wire rope with heavy corrosion and broken individual wires resulting from intermittent underwater...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in the failure should be made available for examination. However, in the real world this is not always possible. Samples of oil, grease, and loose debris should be carefully removed from all components, identified, and stored for future reference. The components can then be cleaned with a solvent...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... This could include samples of deposits or debris related to the failure. Care should be taken to protect fracture surfaces (if apparent) and minimize impact on the component due to the removal process. (Prior to removal, fracture surfaces can be covered in clean bubble wrapping, foam padding, or other...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003520
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... initiation area. The fracture face should not be touched by any liquid and should be kept dry and clean. If the part must be shipped, it should be carefully packed so that the fracture face does not rub against other pieces and so that it stays dry during transit. Because the original microstructure...