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biocompatibility

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c9001610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... of the ears, lips, nose, nasal septum, tongue, navel, breasts, and genitalia has resulted in several cases of adverse reactions, allergic reaction being the most common. 1 The implant of materials that are not biocompatible may cause several types of adverse effects in the human body due to the dissolution...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001266
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... fatigue. Loads on the hip joint increase up to five times body weight during the heel-strike phase of walking. In addition, abnormal activity of the patient and/or deterioration of the fixation cement can result in increased stresses. Therefore, it is imperative that biocompatible materials of the highest...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001803
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of titanium alloys especially intended to be used in living bodies began with the introduction of new alloys using biocompatible β stabilizer elements, such as iron, tantalum, zirconium, tin, and niobium. [ 3 ] The manufacturing of implant materials generally requires advanced casting and/or continuous...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c9001690
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... of implant retrieval analysis. 8 The systematic investigation of retrieved implants and adjacent tissue increases knowledge of clinical implant performance and interactions between implants and the body, assisting in prevention of further failures, and promotes the development of biocompatible implant...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c9001606
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... biocompatibility, these implants must possess high strengths and exhibit exceptional resistance to fatigue. 3 It has been estimated that fixation implants may be subjected to repeated stressing in excess of 10 6 cycles per year. 4 Chemically, the resistance to all forms of localized and general corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001804
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of other factors, such as scientific/technological progress and enhanced exposure of individuals to trauma risk [ 1 , 2 ]. Articles about surgical implants, either orthopedic or dental, report their characteristics such as: biocompatibility, mechanical strength (both static and dynamic), resistance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... the nature of the cyclic loading conditions these devices often encounter in the human body, fatigue is an often-encountered mode of implant fracture. The materials used in orthopedic implants can vary, but all must be biocompatible. Given this requirement and the strength levels often needed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006939
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... by standards of the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), as listed below, and by other national standards. These materials are corrosion resistant and well accepted by body tissues (biocompatible) and therefore satisfy two of the basic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006938
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... usually can be described and evaluated in a relatively straightforward manner, followed by conditions associated with the functioning of the device in the patient, which may require more specialized biomechanical or biocompatibility-based evaluations and may be more challenging to validate as fully...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006918
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... An Ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) is a semicrystalline polymer used widely in orthopedic applications due to its exceptional energetic toughness, biocompatibility, and wear resistance ( Ref 70 ). Figure 2 depicts crack growth in an UHMWPE sample. Ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene has...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.9781627083959
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9