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binary iron-carbon system

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... on the inner wall of a stainless steel tube There is no iron- or nickel-base alloy that is absolutely resistant to metal dusting attack. Research is focused on the reaction chain from the formation of alloy substrate oxide layers and deteriorating conditions. Accordingly, carbon and coke deposition...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... is cathodic to iron, but in the galvanic series (at least in seawater), cadmium is anodic to iron. Thus, if only the emf series were used to predict the behavior of a ferrous metal system, cadmium would not be chosen as a sacrificial protective coating, yet this is the principal use for cadmium plating...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to iron. Thus, if only the emf series were used to predict the behavior of a ferrous metal system, cadmium would not be chosen as a sacrificial protective coating, yet this is the principal use for cadmium plating on steel. Standard emf series of metals Table 1 Standard emf series of metals...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... generally occurs at temperatures from 480 to 815 °C (900 to 1500 °F). The most widely accepted theory of metal dusting for iron-base alloys follows a three-step process ( Ref 11 ): Rapid transfer of carbon from the gas atmosphere into the iron, leading to the growth of a surface cementite layer...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001489
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
.... Furthermore, the MO-N 2 O 3 binary systems, where M = Fe, Mn, or Mg and N = Cr or Al, showed marked similarities; these included almost no mutual solid solubility and formation of MO-N 2 O 3 type spinels at ≈60 wt pct N 2 O 3 . The isothermal section of the FeO-Al 2 O 3 -Cr 2 O 3 ternary phase diagram...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... mm (0.050 in.) thick; both were made of 19-9 DL heat-resisting alloy with the following composition: Element Composition, % Carbon 0.3 Manganese 1.1 Silicon 0.6 Chromium 19 Nickel 9 Molybdenum 1.25 Tungsten 1.2 Niobium 0.4 Titanium 0.3 Iron Bal...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... Abstract Work rolls made of indefinite chill double-poured (ICDP) iron are commonly used in the finishing trains of hot-strip mills (HSMs). In actual service, spalling, apart from other surface degeneration modes, constitutes a major mechanism of premature roll failures. Although spalling can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... is exposed to hydrogen at high pressures and temperatures. The piping system was completely surveyed to ensure that only the specified metal was used. Replacements were made when the wrong metal was found. Fig. 3 Specimen from a low-carbon steel nipple showing fissuring at grain boundaries (top...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... with or without forming a nonprotective scale (such as a porous iron oxide scale on carbon steel) in the corrosive environment. Corrosive wear is surface damage caused by wear in a corrosive environment, involving combined attacks from wear and corrosion. Phenomena and Typical Forms of Corrosive Wear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006939
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... with fillers such as carbon black, silica, metal oxides, and carbon and metal fibers. The addition of fillers to a polymer matrix enhances the stiffness of the material while retaining the essential attributes, such as a large strain to break and resiliency. Fillers also increase the processability, toughness...