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bending-fatigue life

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0048134
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... UNS C51000 Fatigue fracture Premature failure of a copper alloy C51000 (phosphor bronze, 5% A) spring occurred during life testing of several such springs. As shown in Fig. 1(a) , the fracture occurred in bend 2, which had an inside radius of 0.38 mm (0.015 in.). The wire used for the springs...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-life criterion gas porosity heat treatment inclusions infinite-life criterion internal bursts macropitting micropitting reversed bending rolling-contact fatigue rotational bending strengthening stress distribution subcase fatigue thermal fatigue torsional loading FATIGUE damage...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0048150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... at the bend were not considered major causes of fracture. Cyclic loading resulted from cam rotation. Corrective Measures The corner radius was increased to 0.76 mm (0.030 in.), and the tools were repolished to avoid tool marks. These changes increased fatigue life of the springs to an acceptable level...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0051294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
...Abstract Abstract An agricultural tine, which is a relatively large double torsion spring with outer legs that are used to sweep through hay or other crops and turn them over, had failed. It was made hard-drawn carbon steel. Bending fatigue was revealed by visual examination to be almost...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0046966
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... method. Analysis (visual inspection, 100x/500x metallographic examination of sections etched with a mixture of ferric chloride, hydrochloric acid, and methanol, and bend tests) supported the conclusions that cracking of the airfoil sections was caused by thermal fatigue and was contributed to by low...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0001784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... (696 MPa, or 101 ksi). However, the occurrence of failures under service conditions suggested fatigue as the mode of failure. Fig. 2 Stress concentration factor obtained in bending a quenched and tempered steel shaft having a circular fillet To investigate actual stresses, a strain gage...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... (0.010 to 0.015 in.) were found also in other forgings, such as exhaust rocker arms, main rotor drag brace clevises, bolts of carriage diagonal struts, and spring legs of main landing gears. The failure mode was low-stress, high-cycle fatigue involving tension and bending loads. The main cause...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001547
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...Abstract Abstract Life testing of cyclic loaded, miniature extension springs made of 17-7 PH stainless steel wire and AISI 302 Condition B stainless steel wire has shown end hook configuration to be a major source of weakness. To avoid cracking and subsequent fatigue failure, it was found...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... while bending around the sheave. Conclusions The wire rope failed in fatigue because of the brittle layer of martensite on the wires. Both the carbon content and the tensile strength of the wires were below specifications. Corrective Measures Because of a record of poor service life...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... fluctuations. This article begins with an overview of fatigue properties and design life. This is followed by a description of the two approaches to fatigue, namely infinite-life criterion and finite-life criterion, along with information on damage tolerance criterion. The article then discusses...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... that the process of creep was not operative throughout the life of the equipment. Outlet tubes Overheating Oxidation Superheaters 2.25Cr-1Mo Creep fracture/stress rupture Thermal fatigue fracture After some 87,000 h of operation, failure took place in the bend of a steam pipe connecting a coil...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0047850
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... of a quenched-and-tempered microstructure was recommended. Bending fatigue Diameter Specifications Yield strength 1040 UNS G10400 Fatigue fracture The fan drive support shaft shown in Fig. 1 fractured after 3600 km (2240 miles) of service (minimum expected life, 6440 km, or 4000 miles...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001594
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
..., fatigue damage accumulates, and systems start to wear. This wear causes increased vibration, so failures can be expected throughout the life of the plant. Late-in-plant-life failure rates could increase. High-cycle, low stress vibrations (cyclic bending or internal pressure pulsation) can initiate...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0091857
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... of the assembly and the bends at the bottom shoulders of the two mixer arms. Multiple fatigue crack origins on the inside radii of the bends at the bottom shoulders was revealed by analysis of the failed mixer blades. It was revealed by metallographic examination that the shoulders on the arms were cold bent...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... at room temperature. The combination of rough surfaces, probably due to processing, and the potential for cold bending these rods would shorten the fatigue life by eliminating the crack initiation stage of fatigue [ 15 ]. A typical bend location was shown in Fig. 14 . The bent regions of each rod were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c0048407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... by comparison of intensity of these structures, compared to results of systematic crack-initiation experiments. It was revealed by fatigue bending tests that the fatigue life of plates with asymmetrically arranged holes is at least as long as for plates with holes situated in the center. Fatigue began...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001904
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract A steel eyebolt which attached a rear lift strut to the right wing of a helicopter failed by fatigue. As a contributing factor, thread cutting produced sharp notches at thread roots, reducing fatigue life. Also, design fatigue life may have been exceeded as the part was in use...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001733
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... bending alternating stress, and buckling (compressive) cyclic loading. The mode of failure was found to be reversed bending fatigue caused by drive cables moving over guide pulleys of small radii. Modifications of the machinery and drive cable system were suggested. Bending fatigue Drive cables...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001763
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., for a general-purpose gear box, the rotating shaft usually endures loadings associated with torsion and bending moments, producing a steady torsion stress and cyclic bending stress. As a result, the shafts are susceptible to fatigue failure during the operation [ 1 ]. In this study, the reverse shaft...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract A fracture mechanics based failure analysis and life prediction of a large centrifugal fan made from low-carbon, medium-strength steel was undertaken following shortcomings in attempts to explain its fatigue life from start stop cycles alone. Measurements of the fracture...