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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0092142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... a slat track ( Fig. 1 ), which supported the extendable portion of the leading edge of the wing on a military aircraft, failed by bending at one end after very short service. It was estimated that the slat track, fabricated from heat treated 4140 steel, had undergone only one high-load cycle. Fig. 1...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract On attempting to manipulate or bend a boiler tube some 22 ft. long, sudden failure occurred at what appeared to be a butt weld in the tube. Externally, the weld reinforcement had been ground flush and the entire tube surface painted. Internally, the appearance and width of the heated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001194
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
..., but exceptionally high copper content was noticeable. Microstructural examination showed the damage was due to overheating and burning during preheating and bending. Furthermore, crack formation was promoted by precipitation of metallic copper that had penetrated into the austenitic grain boundaries under...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001497
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
.... The 4817 NiMo alloy steel pinion showed no indication of additional cracking, nor did the 4820 NiMo alloy steel gear. The mode of failure was tooth bending fatigue with the origin at the designed position: root radius at midsection of tooth. The load was well centered, and progression occurred for a long...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... by measurement checks. The presence of broken wire ends, which indicated that the rope failed by fatigue, was revealed by reverse bending of the section of the rope which was normally subjected to this flexing. It was found that minimum sheave diam for a 13-mm 18 x 7 wire rope was 43 cm and hence the currently...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0091092
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
.... Investigation (visual inspection, inspection records review, optical and scanning electron microscopy, and fractography) supported the conclusion that the fracture mode for both shafts was low-cycle rotating-bending fatigue initiating and propagating by combined torsional and reverse bending stresses...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001496
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... bending fatigue of the gear from the reverse direction near the toe end. The cause of failure was a crossed-over tooth bearing condition that placed loads at the heel end when going forward and at the toe end when going in reverse. The condition was too consistent to be a deflection under load; therefore...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0047113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... should be tightened according to the specifications of the manufacturer, and the system should be periodically inspected for correct tightness. Bending fatigue Forgings Structural bolts Structural steel Fatigue fracture A portion of a large (19-mm, or 0.75-in., diam) structural steel bolt...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c0047779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... Abstract Two A6 tool steel (free machining grade) shafts, parts of a clamping device used for bending 5.7 cm OD tubing on an 8.6 cm radius, failed simultaneously under a maximum clamping force of 54,430 kg. The shaft was imposed with cyclic tensile stresses due to the clamping force...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0047817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... in the shaft portion at the intersection of a 1.3 cm thick wall and a tapered surface at the bottom of the hole. The fatigue crack was influenced by one-way bending stresses initiated at the inner surface and progressed around the entire inner circumference. A heavily decarburized layer was detected...
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 2 Bracket fractured by bending More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 2 Stress concentration factor obtained in bending a quenched and tempered steel shaft having a circular fillet More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Spiral bevel pinion tooth, 2×. Tooth bending fatigue with origin (arrow) at the root radius, exactly midway between the ends of the teeth. More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 3 Bending stress arising from discrepancy of fit. More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 2 Fatigue failure resulting from excessive bending stresses. (× 1 1 4 ). More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Failure of boiler tube during bending operation. More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Tin tube which cracked on bending (longitudinal section), unetched, polarised light. 200 × Lackschicht/paint layer More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 7 Laboratory reversed-bending fatigue failure showing a flat, fibrous, transverse fatigue fracture surface containing many secondary cracks, a transverse ductile fracture surface characterized by microvoid coalescence, and a longitudinal overload fracture surface hainvg a shear lip More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 8 Laboratory reversed-bending fatigue failure displays fatigue and overload fracture surfaces. Magnification 120 times. More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 A6 tool steel tube-bending-machine shaft that failed by fatigue fracture. Section A-A: Original and improved designs for fillet in failure region. Dimensions are in inches. View B: Fracture surface showing regions of fatigue-crack propagation and final fracture More