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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047975
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... of the transmission. The center bearing of the transmission input-shaft ball-bearing stack had a broken cage and one ball was found to have been split into several pieces. Several scored balls and flaking damage in the raceways of the inner and outer rings was observed. The origin (area in rectangle) was oriented...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001900
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...Abstract Abstract Incorrect grounding of an electric motor resulted in electric current passing through a 52100 steel ball bearing and caused multiple arcing between the rolling elements. The multiple arcing developed a pattern on the outer race known as ‘fluting’. A section of ball race outer...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047956
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...Abstract Abstract Randomly selected dictating-machine drive mechanisms, which contained small ball bearings, were found to exhibit unacceptable fluctuations in drive output during the early stages of production. It was indicated that the bearing raceways were being true brinelled before...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... for Defining and Rating the Microstructure of High Carbon Steels 3. Branlein J. , Eschmann P. , Hasbargen L. , Weigand K. : Ball and Roller Bearings, Theory, Design and Application , 3rd edn , pp. 35 – 50 . Wiley , Chichester ( 1999 ) 4. Böhmer H.J. , Th Hirsch...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001755
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract An aero engine failed due to the misalignment of the ball bearing fitted on the main shaft of the engine. The aero engine incorporates two independent compressors: a six-stage axial flow LP compressor and a nine-stage axial flow HP compressor. The bearing under consideration...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract A ball bearing in a military jet engine sustained heavy damage and was analyzed to determine the cause. Almost all of the balls and a portion of the outer race were found to be flaking, but there were no signs of damage on the inner race and cage. Tests (chemistry, hardness...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001258
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...Abstract Abstract A drawing plant which processed steel wire of designation 105 Cr 2 for ball bearings had losses due to crack formation and wire breakage during drawing. To establish the reason for the breakage, seven fractures were submitted for investigation with contiguous wire segments...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047935
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...Abstract Abstract Ball bearings made of type 440C stainless steel hardened to 60 HRC and suspected as the source of intermittent noise in an office machine were examined. A number of spots on the inner-ring raceway were revealed by scanning electron microscopy. The metal in the area around...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047986
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract The engine on a jet aircraft was shut down immediately as it produced excessive vibration. Complete failure of the cage in one of the two main-shaft ball bearings (placed side by side in the engine) was revealed in the dismantled engine. The ball bearings (made of vacuum...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047998
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...Abstract Abstract The drive-shaft hanger bearings failed after 300 to 400 h in service. The shaft, supported by labyrinth-sealed single row radial ball bearings of ABEC-1 tolerances, was made of aluminum 2024-T3 tubing (2.5 cm diam and 1.2 mm wall thickness). The bearings were lubricated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0091893
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
...Abstract Abstract An automotive front-wheel outer angular-contact ball bearing generated considerable noise shortly after delivery of the vehicle. The inner and outer rings were made of seamless cold-drawn 52100 steel tubing, the balls were forged from 52100 steel, and the retainer was stamped...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047968
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...Abstract Abstract The radial-contact ball bearings (type 440C stainless steel and hardened) supporting a computer microdrum were removed for examination as they became noisy. Two sizes of bearings were used for the microdrum and a spring washer that applied a 50 lb axial load on the smaller...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... in this type of environment because of constant temperature changes, and they normally are replaced after eight months. The bearings were lubricated by a molybdenum sulfide paste. Judging by their structure the needles probably consisted of ball bearing steel. They showed corroded initial cracks of the pitting...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...Abstract Abstract Inner rings of spherical roller bearings out of full hardening ball bearing steel 100 CrMn 6 (Fe-1C-1.5Cr-1.1Mn, Material No. 1.3520) failed in service. Due to the cracks, parts from the middle flange broke or the rings failed in radial direction completely. All the cracks...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... was precipitated by excessive heating, causing cage disintegration, plastic flow of the races and balls, and eventual separation of inner and outer races. It was recommended that the bearing set be resized to accommodate the large thrust as and that a thermocouple be added to monitor the condition of the bearing...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... damage mechanisms fabrication practices fretting corrosion hardness heat treatment lubrication plastic flow rolling-contact fatigue rolling-element bearings failures ROLLING-ELEMENT BEARINGS use rolling elements (either balls or rollers) interposed between two raceways, and relative motion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003564
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... techniques has produced ceramic materials that are a suitable alternative to steel for rolling-contact bearing design. This is especially true for hybrid ball bearings; that is, precision angular-contact ball bearings using ceramic rolling elements are now offered as standard components within the ball...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of heat treatment wagons 200–300 390–570 Source: Ref 4 Static minimal safety factor guide values Table 14 Static minimal safety factor guide values Operating conditions Static load safety factor Roller bearings Ball bearings Smooth, low-vibration, normal operation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Soc. (London) A, Mat. Phys. Sci. , Vol 229 ( No. 1177 ), 1955 , p 198 – 220 10.1098/rspa.1955.0082 2. Glantz W. , Contamination in Lubrication Systems for Bearings in Industrial Gearboxes , Ball Bear. J. , Vol 242 , 1993 , p 20 – 26 3. Rhoads M. , Johnson M...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001485
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... Corrosion Conclusions References References 1. Rolling Bearings , Alien R. K. , Pitman & Sons , London . 2. Ball and Roller Bearing Engineering , Paimgren A. , S.K.F. Industries Inc. , Philadelphia . Selected References Selected References • Widner R.L...