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axial fatigue

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047968
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... Abstract The radial-contact ball bearings (type 440C stainless steel and hardened) supporting a computer microdrum were removed for examination as they became noisy. Two sizes of bearings were used for the microdrum and a spring washer that applied a 50 lb axial load on the smaller bearing...
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 15 Comparison of axial fatigue data for untreated and calcium-treated rolled ASTM A516 steel. 51 mm (2 in.) thick plates tested with alternating stress ratio of 0.1. Source: Ref 9 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
..., the article describes the background information about the shaft used for examination. Then, it focuses on various failures in shafts, namely bending fatigue, torsional fatigue, axial fatigue, contact fatigue, wear, brittle fracture, and ductile fracture. Further, the article discusses the effects...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... investigation and corrective action. Fatigue failures in shafts, such as bending fatigue, torsional fatigue, contact fatigue, and axial fatigue, are reviewed. The article provides information on the brittle fracture, ductile fracture, distortion, and corrosion of shafts. Abrasive wear and adhesive wear of metal...
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 4 Photomicrographs at an axial weld toe showing a fatigue-initiated crack that extended through the pipe wall More
Image
Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 48 (a) Subsurface-initiated fatigue in a deep-groove ball bearing, axially loaded by thermal dilatation. (b) Resultant spalling severely damaged one of the balls. More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001755
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of fatigue crack(s) in the inner race. When the crack reached the critical size, the collar of the race fractured, causing subsequent damage. The cage also failed due to excessive stresses in the axial direction, and its material was smeared on the steel balls and the outer race. aircraft bearings...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... large axial thermal bending stresses. Thermal cycling of the system initiated fatigue cracks at the stiffener rings. When the critical crack size was reached, fast fracture occurred. The system was redesigned by eliminating the redundant restraints and by modifying the stiffener rings to permit free...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047975
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... in the direction opposite to the rotation of the inner ring (arrow B). Both areas had a convex texture in relation to the axial origin. Fig. 1 Inner-ring raceway of an aircraft-transmission ball bearing that failed by rolling-contact fatigue because of subsurface nonmetallic inclusions. (a) Macrograph...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001596
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... Abstract During testing of compressors under start/stop conditions, several helical suspension springs failed. The ensuing failure investigation showed that the springs failed due to fatigue. The analysis showed that during start/stop testing the springs would undergo both a lateral and axial...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... of fatigue failure were present with origins at about the mid-thickness of the pin located each side of the step in the fracture surface. In addition, cracking was evident in the axial direction. The crack ran into one of the radial oil holes near the end of the pin. A further section was taken transverse...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001594
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... by the Japanese suggest that eliminating the axial gap makes socket-welded joints more tolerant of fatigue, however the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, §III, requires an axial gap. Socket welded joints at CPSES are now, and will continue to be, installed in accordance with ASME Code. Field Failures...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001847
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... sleeve fatigue fracture insufficient nitriding tangential stress chromium steel axial cracks beach marks microstructural analysis nitriding depth 38CrMoAl (chromium-molybdenum-aluminum alloy steel) Background A bearing sleeve assembled with the locomotive turbocharger-main shaft...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001421
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
.... The cracks were located in the part of the flange that formed a continuation of the pipe bore. The majority of them originated at the end of the flange bore and extended axially along the pipe and radially across the flange face. Magnetic crack detection revealed a further number of cracks in the weld...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0047681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... axial compressor revealed the presence of a longitudinal crack over 50 mm (2 in.) long at the edge of a resistance seam weld. The vane was made of titanium alloy Ti-6Al-4V (AMS 4911). Investigation The crack was opened by fracturing the vane. The crack surface displayed fatigue beach marks...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0046160
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
.... Axial shift of the crane wheel during operation, because of insufficient interference fit, was the major cause of fatigue cracking. Recommendations included redesigning the axle to increase the critical diameter from 140 to 150 mm (5.5 to 6 in.) and to add a narrow shoulder to keep the drive wheel from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0090994
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... strength range was 1689 to 1793 MPa (245 to 260 ksi). The finished springs were to be shot peened for greater fatigue resistance. Investigation (visual inspection, 3x images, 2% nital etched 148x SEM images, chemical analysis, hardness testing, and EDS analysis) supported the conclusion that the springs...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0048850
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... normally or nearly so to the main hoop stress direction. Residual-stress measurements were made using a hole-drilling technique and strain gage rosettes. Large tensile axial residual stresses were measured at nearly every location investigated with a large residual hoop stress was found for locations...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0046963
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Abstract A turbine spacer made of AMS 5661 alloy (Incoloy 901; composition: Fe-43Ni-13Cr-6Mo-2.5Ti) was removed from service because of a crack in the forward side of the radial rim. The crack extended axially for a distance of 16 mm across the spacer rim; radially, it extended to a depth...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...). Considerable vibration was created in the installation because of the design of the mechanical device used to transmit power to the governor. The pins were permitted to slide axially a small distance. Analysis (visual inspection, microscopic examination, and ductility measurements) supported the conclusion...