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automotive paint-bake cycle

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... application of the working load, the bolt encounters a slight increase in load because of the elasticity of the structural members. Actually, some of the additional load is encountered before the working load equals the preload. As the dynamic working load cycles, a fatigue condition is established. When...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006805
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... ). With a fluctuating load, this situation can cycle progressively, with continued loss of preload and possibly rapid fatigue failure (the effect of preload on steel automotive wheel studs and the fracture that resulted from the preload are described in Example 1 in this article). To eliminate fatigue problems...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Lower life-cycle cost Reduced impact on the environment Some or all of these qualities at one time appeared mutually exclusive. However, customer demands and the aforementioned new business-management systems have provided a means of measuring and quantifying these attributes, creating a new...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and users. These expectations include attributes such as: Greater safety Improved reliability Higher performance Greater efficiency Easier maintenance Lower life-cycle cost Reduced impact on the environment Some or all of these qualities at one time appeared mutually exclusive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Baking after painting Stress relief This article introduces some of the general sources of heat treating problems with particular emphasis on problems caused by the actual heat treating process and the significant thermal and transformation stresses within a part. Much of the article...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and cycles Lack of knowledge of the operating environment Improper specification of the design parameters Improper use of the design method and lack of consideration of key failure modes Use of incorrect material properties for design Improper selection of materials and welding procedures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006923
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... temperatures • Cyclic stress exceeded the endurance limit of the material• Check for proper strength, surface finish, assembly, and operation• Prior damage by mechanical or corrosion modes may have initiated cracking• Alignment, vibration, balance• High cycle low stress: large fatigue zone; low cycle high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... cracking • Alignment, vibration, balance • High cycle low stress: large fatigue zone; low cycle high stress: small fatigue zone • Mild overheating and/or mild overstressing at elevated temperature • Unstable microstructures and small grain size increase creep rates • Ruptures occur after long exposure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4