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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article provides a discussion on the structural ceramics used in gas turbine components, the automotive and aerospace industries, or as heat exchangers in various segments of the chemical and power generation industries. It covers the fundamental aspects of chemical corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006869
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Abstract Reinforced polymers (RPs) are widely used in structural, industrial, automotive, and engineering applications due to their ecofriendly nature and the potential to manipulate their properties. This article addresses the technical synthesis of RPs, referring to their tribological...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Abstract Reliability-centered maintenance (RCM) is a systematic methodology for preventing failures. This article begins by discussing the history of RCM and uses Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) all-industry standard JA1011 as its model to describe the key characteristics of an RCM...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... a few miles to as many as 25,000 miles. Pertinent Industry Specifications and Manufacturer's Requirements Threaded fasteners used in the automotive industry are specified to SAE Standard J429, “Mechanical and Material Requirements for Externally Threaded Fasteners.” This standard lists different...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001732
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
..., or unspecified) failure Over the years, the automotive industry in general, Ford included, has evolved an approach to design of products which will have an acceptable life in the hands of the customer. In each case, proving ground and road tests have been employed as the chief tool to establish the adequacy...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001306
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... caused the inner wheel nuts to loosen during break-in and lose the required clamping force. The development and promotion of educational programs on proper wheel tightening procedures was recommended. Automotive wheels Bolted joints Fasteners Mechanical properties 1541 UNS G15410 Fatigue...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006925
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... from those of an art gum eraser to those of a hard industrial rubber. Elastomers differ from thermoplastics and thermosetting polymers in that they are capable of rubbery behavior and are capable of very large amounts of recoverable deformation (often more than 200%). Structurally, these materials...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-control methods, equipment, and services; cost of labor attributed to corrosion management; cost of use of more expensive materials to lessen corrosion damage; and cost of lost revenue, loss of reliability, and loss of capital due to corrosion deterioration. Only selected industrial sectors were analyzed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001852
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., communication, electronics, aerospace, and automotive industries. The nickel electro-formed moulds are suited for parts in a broad range of low-pressure moulding processes including rotational, slush and blow moulding, and vacuum forming [ 2 , 3 ]. Thermomechanical behavior of displacement constrained...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... in Euronorms 10149-2 and 10051 are examples of these materials as well as other construction steels or automotive special steels (just as the ones described in the ultralight steel auto body—ULSAB project), resulting in lower cost materials and a step forward in the research for better materials in industry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006939
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... for use. This results in a wide variety of surface-modifier applications across automotive, aerospace, electronics, engineering polymers, paint and coatings, cement and construction, biomedical, textile, and petrochemical industries ( Ref 45 ). Types of Surface Modifiers Surface modifiers can...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001377
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... The high-strength bolt was commonly used in Germany by the automotive industry. Chemical analysis Table 1 Chemical analysis Element Recommended analysis per DIN 267 ( Ref 1 ) Specified analysis for AISI 4140 Specified analysis for 42 CrMo 4 Carbon 0.19 to 0.52 0.38 to 0.43 0.38...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Reconstructing an accident often requires consulting with highly specialized experts to address specific aspects of the failure. For example, an automotive accident investigation may point to the failure of a driveshaft U-joint. The automotive accident investigator would benefit from consulting a metallurgist...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... state and local ordinances. For voluntary standards, the engineer must search industry standards databases such as the ANSI, IHS Markit, SAE International (formerly Society of Automotive Engineers), or ISO standards stores to evaluate what standards may be applicable to the design of the product...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Corrosion is the deterioration of a material by a reaction of that material with its environment. The realization that corrosion control can be profitable has been acknowledged repeatedly by industry, typically following costly business interruptions. This article describes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... a straight, flat component with teeth that match the geometry of the driving gear, the pinion. As shown in the figure, they can be spur or helical sets, and both are often used in automotive steering systems and as linear actuators. Figure 3 shows a large industrial reducer with a pair of double...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006823
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... one of the single largest expenditures in the global economy. Corrosion damages or destroys our cars, plumbing, buildings, bridges, engines, factories, and so on ( Ref 2 – 4 ). Corrosion is particularly pervasive and takes some unique forms in the refining, petrochemical, and chemical industries...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the degradation of various protective systems, such as corrosion inhibitors and lubricants. The article describes the failure analysis of steel, iron, copper, aluminum, and their alloys. It also discusses the probes available to monitor conditions relevant to MIC in industrial systems and the sampling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... components, equipment, and structures has long been a serious safety and reliability concern for countless manufacturing, construction, and transportation industries, including automotive, aerospace, marine, power generation, chemical processing, and oil and gas. Furthermore, fatigue failures have been...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... or learning how to use RCM, it could not be sure what process would be offered. Responding to this need in 1999, the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) published the all-industry standard JA1011, “Evaluation Criteria for Reliability-Centered Maintenance (RCM) Processes.” While SAE JA1011 does...