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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0090442
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... Abstract A number of plastic sleeves used in an automotive application cracked after assembly but prior to installation into the mating components. The sleeves were specified to be injection molded from a 20% glass-fiber-reinforced polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) resin. After molding...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract A carbon steel ball-peen hammer ejected a chip that struck the user's eye. Failure occurred when two hammers were struck together during an attempt to free a universal joint from an automotive drive shaft. Two samples were cut from the face of the hammer one through the chipped area...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006869
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Abstract Reinforced polymers (RPs) are widely used in structural, industrial, automotive, and engineering applications due to their ecofriendly nature and the potential to manipulate their properties. This article addresses the technical synthesis of RPs, referring to their tribological...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006836
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... in an Automotive Coil Spring The existence of a raw material defect within the steel matrix, such as a nonmetallic inclusion, can have adverse effects on the fatigue performance of springs depending on the size and location of the defect and the application load of a coil spring ( Ref 5 ). Figure 2(a) shows...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006925
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... thermoplastics are presented for comparison. Finally, the properties and applications of six common thermosets are briefly considered. chemical properties chemical structure electrical properties mechanical properties optical properties thermal properties thermoplastics thermosets...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006939
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... for use. This results in a wide variety of surface-modifier applications across automotive, aerospace, electronics, engineering polymers, paint and coatings, cement and construction, biomedical, textile, and petrochemical industries ( Ref 45 ). Types of Surface Modifiers Surface modifiers can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006933
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... analyses are performed on metal and plastic materials center primarily on the techniques used to evaluate the composition and structure of the material. Unlike metals, polymers have a molecular structure that includes characteristics such as polymer functional groups, molecular weight, molecular weight...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... and technologies. The present societal needs necessitate that metallic materials are ideally suited for applications in heavily stressed components that require high durability. The degree of functionality and component performance are strongly tied to the effectiveness of the processing technology deployed...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article provides a discussion on the structural ceramics used in gas turbine components, the automotive and aerospace industries, or as heat exchangers in various segments of the chemical and power generation industries. It covers the fundamental aspects of chemical corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001306
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... caused the inner wheel nuts to loosen during break-in and lose the required clamping force. The development and promotion of educational programs on proper wheel tightening procedures was recommended. Automotive wheels Bolted joints Fasteners Mechanical properties 1541 UNS G15410 Fatigue...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... attributes are listed for preliminary insight into the strengths and limitations of these techniques for chemical characterization of surfaces. The article describes the basic theory behind each of the different techniques, the types of data produced from each, and some typical applications. Also discussed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006850
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... of an acetal gear wheel. acetal gear wheel bulk wear elastomers thermoplastics thermosets interfacial wear nylon polyurethane elastomeric coatings wear wear rate wear resistance PLASTICS (OR POLYMERS) are used in a variety of engineering and nonengineering applications in which...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... The complete applicable product specification must be carefully read and interpreted before an out-of-specification composition is “blamed” for the failure. In addition to corrosion reactions, another source of composition change that happens after the certifying test is performed occurs when intentional...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003571
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Protheses Applications , Tribol. Lett. , Vol 11 ( No. 2 ), 2001 , p 91 – 94 13. Bahadur S. and Polineni V.K. , Tribological Studies of Glass Fabric Reinforced Polyamide Composites Filled with CuO and PTFE , Wear , Vol 200 , 1996 , p 95 – 104 14. da Silva C.H...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... coefficient n (as measured by a tension test with the ASTM standard) higher than 0.1 in its hot rolling raw state. If this is achieved, the steel can be used for cold work operations such as bending, stretching, and drawing and in commercial applications such as automotive and other manufacturing industries...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., and the application of preventive measures. The fundamentals of corrosion are described in more detail in Ref 2 . However, as a brief introduction, the electrochemical nature of corrosion can be illustrated by the attack on zinc by hydrochloric acid (HCl). When zinc is placed in dilute hydrochloric acid, a vigorous...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006914
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... ). Fire-resistant engineering plastics and elastomers are commonly used in home furnishings, as well as in the building, transportation, appliance, and electronic industries. For any given application, three types of fire safety requirements must generally be met: customer, government, and insurance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006919
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... such a large displacement that it dents the sheet metal of the automobile, then it has failed in its function. In other applications, the criteria defining failure may be linked directly to damage. If a plastic panel is to be used in an exterior automotive body application, the ability to withstand an impact...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... There are no specific requirements for materials selection, and cost could be one of the main factors for materials selection. Carbon steel could be an adequate option. Carbon steel is used in a wide range of applications, including agriculture machinery, fasteners, automotive clutch plates, tools and dies, and low...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006917
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... in conjunction with a polycarbonate housing, and methanol present in commercial windshield washer fluid being used to clean automotive headlights coated with polymethyl methacrylate. Chemical Structure Just as the plastic composition, and particularly the molecular construction, is the most significant...