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austenitic ductile cast iron

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... casting. Cast iron, gray cast iron, malleable irons, ductile iron, low-alloy steel castings, austenitic steels, corrosion-resistant castings, and cast aluminum alloys are the materials discussed. The article describes the general types of discontinuities or imperfections for traditional casting with sand...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... irons in accordance with ASTM International A 439 Table 6 Compositions of nodular graphite (ductile) austenitic cast irons in accordance with ASTM International A 439 Type UNS No. Composition, % Total carbon Si Mn P Ni Cr D-2 F43000 3.00 max 1.50–3.00 0.70...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... depending on the component geometry. Mechanical conditions and metallurgical features can influence the appearance of MVC. Examples are shown for a ferritic steel ( Fig. 1a ), ductile iron ( Fig. 1b ), and cast titanium alloy ( Fig. 1c ). The dimple features are evident in equiaxed form for tensile loading...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... ), ductile iron ( Fig. 1b ), and cast titanium alloy ( Fig. 1c ). The dimple features are evident in equiaxed form for tensile loading ( Fig. 1a and b ). Parabolic shear dimples occur from torsional loading ( Fig. 1c ) or from mode II (in-plane) shear. However, metallic materials can behave in a ductile...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
.... It was concluded that some copper was accidentally left in the mold when the casting was poured. Liquid copper, carrying with it oxygen in solution, penetrated the austenite grain boundaries as the steel cooled. The oxygen reacted with the steel producing a network of scale outlining the austenite grain structure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... throughout the part and to complete the metallurgical changes necessary. For example, when cold-worked metal is heated for recrystallization to restore its ductility, very little time is necessary, whereas a long soaking time may be required to produce a homogeneous austenite from an initially coarse-grained...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... to be manganese sulfide, was found along a prior-austenite grain boundary located on the surface of crack 2 at an inside corner. Sizable areas of iron sulfide were identified in the surface of crack 4. No evidence of ductility was found in any of the fracture surfaces, a condition to be expected in this material...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001836
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of iron on the surface causes copper enrichment during induction heating [ 2 ]. The enriched phase becomes liquid over a certain temperature. Liquid copper penetrates into austenite grain boundaries and weakens grain boundaries, leading to a loss of ductility. The cracks appear on the external arc...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001839
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...), HE, hydrogen blistering and loss of tensile ductility, particularly in large steel castings, ingots, blooms, and slabs [ 5 ]. Incidences of catastrophic cracking in low nickel austenitic stainless steel coils at a customer’s end during routine unwinding/uncoiling of the material came to light...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... generators where deposits form. Precipitation of AlN in aluminum-killed steels occurs along the austenite grain boundaries, and, when the steel is fractured above the ductile-brittle transition temperature, the crack path is usually along the prior-austenite grain boundaries. In as-cast specimens...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-killed steels occurs along the austenite grain boundaries, and, when the steel is fractured above the ductile-brittle transition temperature, the crack path is usually along the prior-austenite grain boundaries. In as-cast specimens, ferrite films are generally observed at these grain boundaries...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... illustrated in binary alloys that contain phases of differing corrosion potentials. The grain in one phase becomes anodic to grain in the second phase in the microstructure, thus producing an electrolytic cell when the proper electrolyte is present. Another illustration is ductile cast iron, where...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... must possess both high toughness and excellent wear resistance [ 2 ]. While pearlitic white cast iron, martensitic cast iron, and austenitic manganese steel are all abrasion-resistant materials, martensitic cast irons may wear more slowly than the other materials under heavy blows or high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... illustrated in binary alloys that contain phases of differing corrosion potentials. The grain in one phase becomes anodic to the grain in the second phase in the microstructure, thus producing an electrolytic cell when the proper electrolyte is present. Another illustration is ductile cast iron, where...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... analysis ductility HP grade Cr-Ni steel (austenitic heat resistant steel) Introduction Experimental Procedure Results and Discussion Reason of Failure Conclusion References References 1. May I.L. , Silveira T.L. , Vianna C.H. : Criteria for the evaluation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001531
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
..., toughness, and ductility are mainly determined by the carbon content of wheel steels. The fatigue crack growth resistance is insensitive to composition and microstructure, while the fatigue crack initiation life increases with the decrease of austenite grain size and pearlite colony size. The dynamic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001307
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... was not preheated to prevent these from forming. The safety of the driver of the tractor-trailer combination depended on the integrity of this spring hanger. Once broken it should have been discarded and replaced by a new one. It is not possible to achieve ductility in a malleable cast iron repair weld using...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0006900
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... and embrittlement When they have been severely cold worked, even austenitic stainless steels can hydrogen stress crack ( Ref 1 ). Several type 301 stainless steel clamps, which were used to hold cylindrical galvanized steel covers to galvanized cast iron bases, failed in flooded manholes after 1 to 6 months...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
.... Hardness Hot-strip mill Rolling mill rolls Spalling Ductile iron Gray iron Fatigue fracture Rolling-contact wear 1. Introduction 2. Experimental 3. Results and Discussion 4. Conclusions Acknowledgments References References 1. Shaughnessy R.N. : J. Iron Steel Inst...