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attack polishing

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001683
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...). The corrosion occurred at welds and consisted of large subsurface void formations with pinhole penetrations of the surfaces. Corrosive attack initiated in the heat affected zones of the welds, usually immediately adjacent to fusion lines. Stepwise grinding, polishing, and etching through the affected areas...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c0048420
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
...Abstract Abstract Fretting and fretting corrosion at the contact area between the screw hole of a type 316LR stainless steel bone plate and the corresponding screw head was studied. The attack on the 316LR stainless steel was only shallow. Mechanical grinding and polishing structures were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract A wall section of a carbon steel choke body in gas service at 4400 psig blew out three months after the use of a corrosion inhibitor was stopped. Corrosion damage occurred in ripples, leaving both smoothly polished and unattacked areas. The corrodent in condensate wells...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... out of the pitted areas. Alternatively polishing and etching micro-sections for viewing at high magnification made crack detail more visible. Optical and scanning electron micrographs showed cracking in austenitic cast steel and cast iron due to both internal tensile and critical residual stresses...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001162
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... such as electrolytic and hand polishing and the vibration method resulted in poor edge and crack edge definition due to material thickness. Etching experiments involved a grain surface attack and hence produced a rather strong surface relief from which the grain boundary cracks could again not clearly...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001234
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... Unetched polished section taken through the point marked in Fig. 2 . 20× The symmetrical location on each side of the point of insertion of the narrower pipe and the localised sharp delineation of the attack indicate erosion due to the formation of turbulence, Turbulence can cause localised rupture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001704
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
.... The examinations revealed a classic case of microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC), which preferentially attacked the heat affected zones of the tank welds, resulting in the leaks. Heat affected zone Leakage Water tanks Welded joints 304 UNS S30400 Biological corrosion The experienced...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c9001223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
...Abstract Abstract The corner of a welded sheet construction made from austenitic corrosion-resistant chromium-nickel steel showed corrosive attack of the outer sheet. This attack was most severe at the points subjected to the greatest heat during welding. Particularly large amounts of weld...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c9001250
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
...Abstract Abstract A broken cross-recessed die was examined. Examination of the unetched, polished section for impurities revealed several coarse streaks of slag. The purity did not therefore correspond to the requirements set for a high speed tool steel of the given theoretical quality DMo 5...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001390
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... heaters were polished to diamond finish and etched. Optical microscopic examination revealed a “step structure,” indicating that the material was not sensitized. Crack Origins/Paths Optical microscopic examination of a cracked portion revealed underdeposit attack; that is, corrosion of the sheath...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... tube produced by erosion-corrosion. The tube surface is clean, the attack having occurred due to brine flowing through it at 70 °C (158 °F) with turbulent flow and an excessive level of dissolved oxygen. Oblique lighting of fracture surfaces for macroscopic examination can be used to advantage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., the mount should be of a material that is not chemically attacked. The grinding and polishing procedure is best carried out on an automatic or semiautomatic machine. The structure of each and every ceramic product has been specifically adjusted to exhibit the required properties and thus shows a unique...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001371
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... contributor to the failure. Fig. 6 Optical micrograph of the typical shaft microstructure, which consisted of tempered lath martensite. Longitudinal view. Etched in Vilella's reagent. 142× Crack Origin/Paths The as-polished microstructure of sample B ( Fig. 7 ), shows intergranular attack...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract Dezincification is a particular form of corrosive attack which may occur in a variety of environments and to which some brasses are susceptible. It is favored by waters having a high oxygen, carbon dioxide, or chloride content, and is accelerated by elevated temperatures...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... around it). Specimen etched with nital Fig. 38 (a) Pitting on this mold cavity (arrow) was observed after polishing of the AISI S7 plastic mold and was caused by the use of improper post-EDM procedures. (b) The classic appearance of such failures. There is a large, remelted surface layer above...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001174
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... boring in the broken manifold; a penetration depth of up to 16 mm was measured in other manifolds. The depth of attack decreased from the gas inlet side to the outlet side. Figs. 9 , 10 , 11 show hydrogen attack of varying depth and intensity on unetched polished specimens on which this effect can...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...-355 poppet susceptible to intergranular corrosive attack (IGA) from a decontaminant containing hydroxy-acetic acid. This attack provided pathways for which fluid could leak across the sealing surface in the closed condition. It was concluded that the current design is flight worthy if the poppet valve...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001410
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... Dezincification is a particular form of corrosive attack which may occur in a variety of environments and to which some brasses are susceptible. It is favoured by waters having a high oxygen, carbon dioxide, or chloride content, and is accelerated by elevated temperatures and low water velocities...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001256
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... portion after Magnaflux test. The discontinuity is clearly visible. Fig. 1 Discontinuity on the surface observed in Magnaflux test. 6× Figure 2 shows another area after deep etching in 20% boiling HCl. The area shown in Fig. 2 is preferentially attacked leaving a small depression. Rugged...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001034
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
..., with evidence of severe corrosion. Corrosion pits were larger and more concentrated at the weld areas. A significant amount of corrosion was also evident away from the welds in both specimens. The outer surfaces of the two sections showed no evidence of deterioration or attack. Fig. 1 Interior surface...