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aluminum-copper alloys

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... was located during a later analysis. Pertinent Specifications The Mirage III-0 wing main spar ( Fig. 1 ) is machined from a large forging of AU4SG, an aluminum-copper alloy similar in composition to 2014. The spar specification indicated that the material was to be heat treated to the T6 condition...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
....” The National Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE) has termed the dealloying phenomenon associated with aluminum-copper alloy systems as “dealuminization.” NACE further emphasizes that although color changes may be associated with dealloying, no cracks, pits, dimensional changes, grooving, or obvious metal...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... in a reduction in corrosion resistance, copper containing alloys being particularly poor in this respect. It may be recalled that this propensity led to the development of the material known as “Alclad” whereby the higher strength Duralumin type alloy was clad on the external surfaces with pure aluminium...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0046469
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... susceptible to dezincification. Recommendations included replacing the material with copper alloy C68700 (arsenical aluminum brass), which contains 0.02 to 0.06% As and is highly resistant to dezincification. Copper alloy C44300 (inhibited admiralty metal) could be an alternative selection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and industries that have experienced SCC failures include (this list is not exhaustive): Aerospace: Aluminum alloys in structural aircraft components such as landing gear and wing components, stainless steel tubing used as part of the hydraulic or fuel systems, high-strength low-alloy steel...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... analysis, metallographic analysis, and simulated-service tests. It provides case studies for the analysis of SCC service failures and their occurrence in steels, stainless steels, and commercial alloys of aluminum, copper, magnesium, and titanium. aluminum alloys austenitic stainless steel carbon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., of commercial alloys having the indicated base metals Table 1 Metals that have been shown to cause liquid-metal-induced embrittlement, solid-metal-induced embrittlement, or both, of commercial alloys having the indicated base metals Structural alloy base metal Embrittling metal Aluminum Hg...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0091806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... station condenser tubing cooled by seawater for two copper alloys, an aluminum brass alloyed with arsenic (UNS C68700, ASTM B111, or Cu-Zn-20Al DIN17660), and a cupronickel 70-30 alloy with iron added (C71500, ASTM B111, or Cu-Ni-30Fe DIN17665)) supported the conclusion that the failure was caused...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0048714
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... a hole in the tube. Corrective Measures The heat exchanger was retubed with tubes made of aluminum bronze, for example, copper alloy C61400. At the time of this report, these tubes had been in service for more than 12 years without failure. Acknowledgment R.J. Franco wishes to acknowledge...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003554
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the indicated base metals Structural alloy base metal Embrittling metal Aluminum Hg, Ga, Na, In, Sn, Bi, Cd, Pb, Zn Copper Hg, Ga, In, Li, Bi, Cd, Pb Nickel Hg, In, Li, Sn, Pb, Zn, Ag Steels  Ferritic/martensitic Hg, Ga, In, Li, Sn, Cd, Pb, Zn, Te, Cu  Austenitic Hg, Li, Zn, Cu...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0046146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... that the primary fracture initiated from multiple origins on both sides of a lubrication hole that extended from the outer surface to the bore of a lug in two cadmium-plated flanged bushings made of copper alloy C63000 (aluminum bronze) that were press-fitted into each bored hole in the lug. Sectioning and 2x...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0006409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Abstract Pitostatic system connectors were being found cracked on several aircraft. Two of the cracked connectors made of 2024-T351 aluminum alloy were submitted for failure analysis. The connectors had cut pipelike threads that were sealed with Teflon-type tape when installed. Longitudinal...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article discusses the classification of sliding bearings and describes the major groups of soft metal bearing materials: babbitts, copper-lead bearing alloys, bronze, and aluminum alloys. It provides a discussion on the methods for fluid-film lubrication in bearings. The article...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Abstract A commercial aircraft wheel half, machined from an aluminum alloy 2014 forging that had been heat treated to the T6 temper, was removed from service because a crack was discovered in the area of the grease-dam radius during a routine inspection. Neither the total number of landings nor...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... be reduced on the surface of a more active metal—for example, copper on aluminum or steel, silver on copper. This process is also known as cementation, especially with regard to aluminum alloys. The resulting metallic deposit provides cathodic sites for further galvanic corrosion of the more active metal...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c9001183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... of copper, nickel, and cobalt. A steel of similar composition, X38Cr-MoV5 1 (W-No. 2343) was used for hot working tools. The sliver originated from a damaged press tool. Hot working Impurities Studs Aluminum Metalworking-related failures In a continuously cast aluminum press stud two small...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... focuses on the types of hydrogen embrittlement that occur in all the major commercial metal and alloy systems, including stainless steels, nickel-base alloys, aluminum and aluminum alloys, titanium and titanium alloys, copper and copper alloys, and transition and refractory metals. The specific types...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... as noble metals in a galvanic couple. Metal Ion Deposition Ions of a more noble metal may be reduced on the surface of a more active metal, for example, copper on aluminum or steel, or silver on copper. This process is also known as cementation, especially with regard to aluminum alloys...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...) Nickel 0.06 0.2 (max) Zinc 0.10–0.17 0.2 (max) Lead 0.002 0.05 (max) Tin 0.0023 0.05 (max) Chromium 0.08 0.2 (max) Aluminum bal bal Fig. 7 X-ray map obtained with an SEM microprobe, showing copper-rich particles in the crack path. Discussion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0048702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... as primarily copper sulfide, with zinc and aluminum sulfides while the green deposit was revealed to be copper chloride. The combination of sulfide and chloride attack on the tubes was concluded to have resulted in the failure. Injection of ferrous sulfate upstream of the condenser which could aid...