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aluminum wrought products

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of wrought products. The article addresses the types of flaws or defects that can be introduced during the steel forging process itself, including defects originating in the ingot-casting process. Defects found in nonferrous forgings—titanium, aluminum, and copper and copper alloys—also are covered...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c9001610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... microanalysis ISO Standards: Metallic Materials for Surgical Implants Table 2 ISO Standards: Metallic Materials for Surgical Implants Material Identification Wrought stainless steel ISO 5832-1 Pure titanium ISO 5832-2 Wrought titanium 6-aluminum 4-vanadium alloy ISO 5832-3 Cast...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of cup-and-cone fractures reveal a version of ductile dimples when viewed in the SEM ( Fig. 5 ). Fig. 5 (a) Ductile failure of aluminum tensile bar exhibiting orange peel. (b) Cup-shaped fracture and stretching of stainless steel tensile bar. (c) Scanning electron microscope image of ductile...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... is the internal calibration peak for the EDS unit. If small peaks are being sought while additional elements are present, especially if corrosion products are involved, it may be difficult to decide whether the peak is due to aluminum or a trace of bromine that may have contaminated the specimen...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article describes the general root causes of failure associated with wrought metals and metalworking. This includes a brief review of the discontinuities or imperfections that may be the common sources of failure-inducing defects in bulk working of wrought products. The article...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... welds were designated C and D. Tensile specimens were machined along the pipe axis to include the weld and base metal. Results of tensile testing are given in Table 2 . Table 3 lists typical tensile properties for wrought aluminum alloy 5083 and as-welded 5083 with 5183 filler metal. The tensile...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... raisers and lead to tool steel product failure after final heat treatment or in service. Annealing the workpiece to a microstructure of fine carbide spheroids and lamellar pearlite will improve the machinability ( Ref 16 ). Dwelling cutting tools too long during profiling or pocketing aluminum alloy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... additive manufacturing processes by powder-bed fusion, wire-feed electron beam, and directed-energy (laser) deposition processes. Source: Ref 5 Metallic feedstock for fusion-based AM is typically of weldable, powder metallurgy, and castable alloys that include aluminum alloys, cobalt-chromium...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001804
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... , 1989 ) 10.17226/1359 10. ASTM F136-02 , Standard Specification for Wrought Titanium-6 Aluminum—4 Vanadium ELI (Extra Low Interstitial) Alloy for Surgical Implant Applications (UNS R56401) , ( ASTM , West Conshohocken , 2002 ) 11. McEvily A.J. , Metal Failures, Mechanisms...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... are anodic to the main body of the metal and therefore less resistant to corrosion because of precipitated phases, depletion, enrichment, or adsorption. In wrought high-strength heat treatable aluminum alloys, paths of stress-corrosion cracks are always intergranular, because the thermal treatments...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and industries that have experienced SCC failures include (this list is not exhaustive): Aerospace: Aluminum alloys in structural aircraft components such as landing gear and wing components, stainless steel tubing used as part of the hydraulic or fuel systems, high-strength low-alloy steel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... metallography stress intensity Al-Si bronze (wrought aluminum-silicon bronze) UNS C64200 Ni-Al bronze (wrought nickel-aluminum bronze) UNS C63200 Introduction The good general corrosion performance of bronze alloys in marine environments is well known [ 1 ], and the combination of strength...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... are: Exceeding the solubility necessary to keep the gas in solution Reaction-type pinhole formed by segregation during solidification Reaction product between the metal and mold material Gas solubility limits and gas porosity are some of the most serious problems in the casting of cast iron, aluminum...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001638
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... min 46.7 Carbon 0.05–0.10 0.099 Aluminum 0.15–0.60 0.68 Titanium 0.15–0.60 0.32 Several cross sections of the damaged area as well as an unaffected area were examined metallographically using an optical microscope as well as a scanning electron microscope. The backscattered...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... the intended function is decreased. The article addresses factors that may cause failures in castings for each metal type, starting with gray iron and progressing to ductile iron, steel, aluminum, and copper-base alloys. It describes the general root causes of failure attributed to the casting material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Montgomery, and Jerry Buhrow are greatly appreciated. References References 1. “ Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products ,” A370 – A316 , ASTM 2. “Hardness and Conductivity Inspection of Wrought Aluminum Alloy Parts,” AMS 2658 Rev C, SAE, revised...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... for seawater is not necessarily valid in nonsaline solutions. For example, aluminum is anodic to zinc in an aqueous 1 M sodium chromate (Na 2 CrO 4 ) solution and cathodic to iron in an aqueous 1 M sodium sulfate (Na 2 SO 4 ) solution ( Ref 4 ). Electromotive Force Series The electromotive force...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... For example, aluminum is anodic to zinc in an aqueous 1 M sodium chromate (Na 2 CrO 4 ) solution and cathodic to iron in an aqueous 1 M sodium sulfate (Na 2 SO 4 ) solution ( Ref 4 ). Emf Series The emf series is a table that lists in order the standard electrode potentials of specified...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
..., probably Al 2 O 3 . Fig. 14 shows another cluster which gave similar analyses (area A). The large particle in Fig. 14 was rich in Al, Si and O, and probably was an aluminum silicate. Fig. 12 TEM micrographs of carbon extraction replica, showing a cluster of particles. Fig. 13 TEM...