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aluminum wrought products

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... working of wrought products. The article addresses the types of flaws or defects that can be introduced during the steel forging process itself, including defects originating in the ingot-casting process. Defects found in nonferrous forgings—titanium, aluminum, and copper and copper alloys—also...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c9001610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... stainless steel ISO 5832-1 Pure titanium ISO 5832-2 Wrought titanium 6-aluminum 4-vanadium alloy ISO 5832-3 Cast cobalt-chrome-molybdenum alloy ISO 5832-4 Wrought cobalt-chrome-tungsten- nickel alloy ISO 5832-5 Wrought cobalt-nickel-chrome- molybdenum alloy ISO 5832-6 Wrought cobalt...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... the pipe axis to include the weld and base metal. Results of tensile testing are given in Table 2 . Table 3 lists typical tensile properties for wrought aluminum alloy 5083 and as-welded 5083 with 5183 filler metal. The tensile properties of the two specimens obtained from the elbow/pipe weld W-3 met...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of the wrought product. The waste products of the microbes are generally what cause the chemical attack ( Fig. 17 ). Fig. 17 (a) Microbe-induced corrosion (MIC) in 304 stainless steel. (b) Tunneling of MIC in same material shown in (a). Electrolytic oxalic acid etch. (c) Scanning electron microscope image...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the general root causes of failure associated with wrought metals and metalworking. This includes a brief review of the discontinuities or imperfections that may be the common sources of failure-inducing defects in bulk working of wrought products...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the differences may not be great in modern wrought product, cast products can be very heavily segregated. Extreme care is required when interpreting such results. Most referee methods are either “wet chemical” or “combustion” methods. In these methods, the referee designation is usually due to the fact...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... to overheating during forging operations, can also cause machining failures in wrought metals ( Ref 27 ). Grain size variation in thin products ( Ref 27 ) and secondary crystallization (also called abnormal grain growth) ( Ref 28 ) during annealing of wrought stainless steels, copper, nickel, and aluminum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... is typically of weldable, powder metallurgy, and castable alloys that include aluminum alloys, cobalt-chromium alloys, nickel alloys, gold, silver, stainless steel, tool steel, and titanium alloys. Of the metals used in AM production, titanium and its alloys are used prevalently for high-value biomedical...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... are anodic to the main body of the metal and therefore less resistant to corrosion because of precipitated phases, depletion, enrichment, or adsorption. In wrought high-strength heat treatable aluminum alloys, paths of stress-corrosion cracks are always intergranular, because the thermal treatments...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001804
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... titanium, part 3: Titanium alloys 7. ASTM F138-08 , tandard Specification for Wrought 18Chromium-14Nickel-2.5Molybdenum Stainless Steel Bar and Wire for Surgical Implants 8. ISO 15374 : 1998 , Implants for surgery—Requirements for production of forgings 9. ASTM F 67-89 , Standard...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and industries that have experienced SCC failures include (this list is not exhaustive): Aerospace: Aluminum alloys in structural aircraft components such as landing gear and wing components, stainless steel tubing used as part of the hydraulic or fuel systems, high-strength low-alloy steel...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... are: Exceeding the solubility necessary to keep the gas in solution Reaction-type pinhole formed by segregation during solidification Reaction product between the metal and mold material Gas solubility limits and gas porosity are some of the most serious problems in the casting of cast iron, aluminum...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... crack metallography stress intensity Al-Si bronze (wrought aluminum-silicon bronze) UNS C64200 Ni-Al bronze (wrought nickel-aluminum bronze) UNS C63200 Introduction Experimental Procedure Results and Discussion Conclusions Acknowledgments References References 1. Copper...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... to that of a eutectic G 120 Nonmetallic inclusions; slag, dross, flux G 121 (a) Nonmetallic inclusions whose appearance or analysis shows they arise from melting slags, products of metal treatment or fluxes Slag, dross or flux inclusions, ceroxides G 122 (a) Nonmetallic inclusions generally...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001638
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... gases to the product stream and could result in hotspots on the tubes. Decoking of this furnace was carried out approximately every 10 weeks. During the decoking cycle the hydrocarbon feed to the furnace is interrupted and air and steam are passed through the furnace to oxidize the coke and “burn it off...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... the crack nucleus. The reaction, which is energetically favorable (self-energy of reactants > self-energy of product) is of the formml: ( α 2 ) [ − 1 ,  − 1 ,  1 ] ( 1 ,  0 ,  1 ) + ( α 2 ) [ 1 ,  1 ,  1 ] ( − 1 ,  0 ,  1...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-energy of product) is of the form: ( a 2 ) [ − 1 ,   − 1 ,   1 ] ( 1 ,   0 ,   1 ) + ( a 2 ) [ 1 ,   1 ,   1 ] ( − 1 ,   0 ,   1 )               → a [ 0 ,   0 ,   1 ] ( 1 ,   0...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... preparation (mill scale, coatings surface finish, etc.), environmental composition (trace contaminants, dissolved gases, etc.), temperature, flow rate, solution concentration, and degree of agitation or aeration. In addition, corrosion product films and other changes in surface composition can also occur...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... In addition, corrosion product films and other changes in surface composition can also occur in some environments, and so exposure time is important, too. With certain exceptions, the galvanic series in seawater is broadly applicable in other natural waters and in uncontaminated atmospheres. Bodily fluids...