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aluminum foams

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
.... The whitish deposits on the tank OD exhibit high calcium levels as expected for mineral deposits from water leakage and evaporation. Finally, the black foam is high in chlorine, aluminum, carbon, and oxygen, with lesser amounts of zinc ( Fig. 6 ). Apparently, the black foam insulation is the source...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006927
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... for thermoforming (including vacuum forming and pressure forming) is most often manufactured from aluminum or other high conductivity materials used to cool the softened sheet during the low-pressure forming process. For thick wall thermoforming, the process used for structural parts (not thin-wall packaging...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001629
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... and oxygen, indicative of organic compounds. Coolant 1 was found to contain small amounts of sulfur and phosphorus along with carbon and oxygen. Coolant 2 contained relatively small levels of aluminum, sodium, sulfur, phosphorus, and chlorine, along with high carbon and oxygen. The detergent was primarily...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001290
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... of the aircraft. Fractographic and surface examination of metal fragments (stainless steel and aluminum alloy) from damaged areas indicated that the accident was caused by an explosion in the front toilet. A reconstruction exercise confirmed this conclusion. Damage to the undercarriage and underside resulted from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006915
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... and aluminum flake, can form three-dimensional pathways for conduction through insulating polymer matrices. Finally, highly conjugated polymers such as polyacetylene and polyaniline provide sufficient electron movement to reach semiconductor conductivity. For full conductivity, they rely on dopants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006939
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
...(a) Compatibilizer(b) Applications/purpose Reference PS/PPE Elastomer such as PB, SBR, or NBR Foam manufacturing 90 Hydroxynaphtoic acid Foam manufacturing 91 PS/PC SAN and styrene-grafted acrylic rubber Improve modulus of mold 92 PS/PE SEBS Improve recyclability in mold 93 LDPE...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006914
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... method is generally more cost-effective. Flame-retardant additives include antimony trioxide, chlorine and bromine compounds, phosphorus compounds, and aluminum trihydrate ( Ref 3 ). However, there have been increasing concerns over the potential toxicity of flame-retardant additives ( Ref 4 , 5...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006925
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and industries that have experienced SCC failures include (this list is not exhaustive): Aerospace: Aluminum alloys in structural aircraft components such as landing gear and wing components, stainless steel tubing used as part of the hydraulic or fuel systems, high-strength low-alloy steel...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... iron, gray cast iron, malleable irons, ductile iron, low-alloy steel castings, austenitic steels, corrosion-resistant castings, and cast aluminum alloys are the materials discussed. The article describes the general types of discontinuities or imperfections for traditional casting with sand molds...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... the intended function is decreased. The article addresses factors that may cause failures in castings for each metal type, starting with gray iron and progressing to ductile iron, steel, aluminum, and copper-base alloys. It describes the general root causes of failure attributed to the casting material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006923
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
...–0.12 70–100 Silicone … … 260 500 0.22 0.13 80–300 Urethane elastomer … … 90 190 0.07–0.30 0.04–0.178 100–200 Urethane rigid foam … … 160 325 0.06–0.12 0.033–0.067 80 (a) UL, Underwriters Laboratories. (b) Short-term continuous service temperature. (c) Long...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001558
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... ) 7. Unpublished Data, Rocketdyne Div. , Rockwell International ( 1979 ) 8. Smith H. R. and Piper D. E. , “Stress-Corrosion Cracking in High Strength Steel and in Titanium and Aluminum Alloys” , 48 – 49 , Naval Research Laboratory ( 1972 ) 9. von Euw E. F. J...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006928
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
...-dependent deformation from viscoelasticity. Thermoplastics also exhibit a variety of postyield phenomena. For example, Fig. 1 is a typical stress-strain plot for aluminum and polyethylene (PE). The aluminum sample necks and extends to 50% strain. The PE sample necks and extends to 350% strain...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...., aluminum, thermoplastic, steel). However, unless the information is needed for evaluation of the configurations, selection of the exact material (e.g., the particular aluminum alloy or thermoplastic resin) may be postponed until the parametric stage. Consultation with materials and manufacturing experts...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... configurations also are strongly influenced by manufacturing issues and materials selection. At this point in the part design process, it is necessary to decide on a manufacturing process and at least a class of materials (e.g., aluminum, thermoplastic, steel). However, unless the information is needed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006936
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... by the returning waves are detected using a laser interferometer ( Fig.19 ). Systems currently in use for advanced composite inspection applications utilize a neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd-YAG) laser configured as a confocal Fabry-Perot laser interferometer as a demodulator to detect surface...