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aircraft engine bearings

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047986
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract The engine on a jet aircraft was shut down immediately as it produced excessive vibration. Complete failure of the cage in one of the two main-shaft ball bearings (placed side by side in the engine) was revealed in the dismantled engine. The ball bearings (made of vacuum...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract A broken aircraft crankshaft and a severely damaged main brass bearing were examined to determine whether engine failure was initiated in the bearing or in the crankshaft. The steel crankshaft failure was a classical fatigue fracture. The bearing had been subjected...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract The governor on an aircraft engine failed and upon disassembly of the unit, it was discovered that the retainer for the flyweight pivot pins was broken. The channel-shaped retainer was made of 0.8 mm (0.030 in.) thick 1018 or 1020 steel. The part was plated with copper, which...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract Several cases of embrittlement failure are analyzed, including liquid-metal embrittlement (LME) of an aluminum alloy pipe in a natural gas plant, solid metal-induced embrittlement (SMIE) of a brass valve in an aircraft engine oil cooler, LME of a cadmium-plated steel screw...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047856
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... 4337 UNS G43370 Fatigue fracture Routine inspection of a reciprocating aircraft engine revealed cracks in the master connecting rod. Cracks were observed in the channel-shaped section consisting of the knuckle-pin flanges and the bearing-bore wall. The rods were forged from 4337 (AMS 6412) steel...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003564
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... R.N. , Ed., Brook Hill Publishing , 1974 , p 713 – 727 51. Lucek J.W. and Cowley P.E. , “Investigation of the Use of Ceramic Material in Aircraft Engine Bearings,” Code AIR-52032A, U.S. Dept. of Navy , 1978 52. Akazawa M. and Kato K. , Wear Properties...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001296
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... a stereoscopic microscope and/or a borescope. Aircraft components Airplanes Bearing steel Control valves Electric discharge machining Engine components Low-cycle fatigue 52000 Fatigue fracture Metalworking-related failures Brittle fracture Background Visual Examination of General Physical...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... remelting (ESR) or vacuum arc remelting (VAR). However, steel from these secondary refining processes is still required for bearings in high-reliability applications, such as aircraft engines. The bearing industry has used through-hardened material, such as 52100, for ball bearings since early...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract A ball bearing in a military jet engine sustained heavy damage and was analyzed to determine the cause. Almost all of the balls and a portion of the outer race were found to be flaking, but there were no signs of damage on the inner race and cage. Tests (chemistry, hardness...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... (1.57 in). The crank lever of a similar aircraft was found with a 75 mm (2.95 in) long crack ( Fig. 3 ). This part was also made from 300M steel, heat treated to a UTS in the 1930–2000 MPa (280–290 ksi) range and shot peened. The bearing surfaces were chromium plated and the non-bearing surfaces...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001796
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract A tri-lobe cylindrical roller bearing was submitted for investigation to determine the cause of uniformly spaced axial fluting damages on its rollers and outer raceway surfaces. The rollers and raceways were made from premium-melted M50 and M50NiL, aircraft quality steels...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001755
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract An aero engine failed due to the misalignment of the ball bearing fitted on the main shaft of the engine. The aero engine incorporates two independent compressors: a six-stage axial flow LP compressor and a nine-stage axial flow HP compressor. The bearing under consideration...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... different levels. The simplest form of a failure is a system or component that operates, but does not perform its intended function ( Ref 13 ). This is considered a loss of function . A jet engine that runs but can only produce partial thrust (insufficient to enable an aircraft to take off) is an example...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... subsequently led to the discovery of overlooked debris in an engine chip detector, and thus resulted in a review of several maintenance practices. aircraft bearings operating overload inadequate maintenance and inspection M50 alloy steel bulk deformation energy dispersive spectrometry chemical...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... for composites should fit the holes with no clearance in order to avoid fretting, but an interference fit may cause delamination. This problem has been alleviated to some extent by the development of several special sleeve/ fastener combinations. The extreme temperature changes experienced by aircraft can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... fracture. (c) Intergranular fracture. Source: Ref 42 Fig. 36 Microbiologically influenced corrosion in a cooling water piping system Fig. 37 Example of a wear failure in a diesel engine bearing Fig. 38 Root-cause analogy Fig. 33 Materials performance as a result...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... sometimes subjected to vibratory stresses. Apart from wear by bearings, which can be a major contributor to shaft failure (see the section “Wear” in this article), the most common cause of shaft failure is metal fatigue. Fatigue is a weakest link phenomenon; hence, failures start at the most...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001575
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract An oil scavenge pump was found to have failed when a protective shear neck fractured during the start of a jet engine. Visual inspection revealed that the driven gear in one of the bearing compartments was frozen as was the corresponding drive gear. Spacer wear and thermal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006805
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... to ASTM International A193, grade B16 is a commonly used bolt material in industrial turbine and engine applications to 480 °C (900 °F). An aircraft version of this steel, AMS 6304, is widely used in fasteners for jet engines. For many industrial applications, corrosion- and heat-resistant stainless...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of shaft. Dimensions given in inches. (b) Fracture surface showing diametrically opposed origins (arrows) Fig. 35 Forged grade 4337 steel master connecting rod for a reciprocating aircraft engine that failed by fatigue cracking in the bore section between the flanges. (a) Configuration...