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aircraft crankshafts

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001752
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Abstract Results of failure analyses of two aircraft crankshafts are described. These crankshafts were forged from AMS 6414 (similar composition to AISI 4340) vacuum arc remelted steels with sulfur contents of 0.003% (low sulfur) and 0.0005% (ultra-low sulfur). A grain boundary sulfide...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Abstract A broken aircraft crankshaft and a severely damaged main brass bearing were examined to determine whether engine failure was initiated in the bearing or in the crankshaft. The steel crankshaft failure was a classical fatigue fracture. The bearing had been subjected to extremely high...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001299
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract A 4340 steel piston engine crankshaft in a transport aircraft failed catastrophically during flight. The fracture occurred in the pin radius zone. Fractographic studies established the mode of failure as fatigue under a complex combination of bending and torsional stresses. SEM...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... generation which induced grinding cracks and grinding burn. Tensional stresses resulting from grinding developed in a thin surface layer. On another crankshaft, chromium plating introduced undesirable residual tensile stresses. Such plating is an unsatisfactory finish for crankshafts of aircraft engines...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001728
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... that failure was due to improper installation torqueing of the bolts. Aircraft components Aircraft Bolts Propellers Torque Steel Fretting wear Fatigue fracture Careful examination of flight log data, maintenance reports, accident reports, and statements of witnesses indicated that the...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... pump in a turbine-powered aircraft failed, resulting in damage to the aircraft. The pump is shown in Fig. 8(a) and (b) . Fig. 8 Fuel pump that failed by vibration and abrasion. (a) Configuration and dimensions (given in inches). (b) Splines on the drive shaft and in the impeller were worn...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... it is called upon to withstand and where the emphasis is on minimum weight, and aircraft manufacturers and others have been responsible for a great many developments in connection with the investigation of fatigue failures, especially the fatigue testing of full-size components. The most important...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... its intended function ( Ref 13 ). This is considered a loss of function . A jet engine that runs but can only produce partial thrust (insufficient to enable an aircraft to take off) is an example of a loss of function. The next level of failure involves a system or component that performs its...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... partial thrust (insufficient to enable an aircraft to take off) is an example of a loss of function. The next level of failure involves a system or component that performs its function but is unreliable or unsafe ( Ref 1 ). In this form of failure, the system or component has sustained a loss of...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003519
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... on rough roads, may reduce the life of either item. Improper maintenance reaches all parts of our lives. The appliances in our homes, our computers, our cars, as well as the aircraft we fly, are required to be maintained. Improper maintenance results in life reduction or complete breakdown...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006755
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... either item. Improper maintenance reaches all parts of people’s lives. The appliances in their homes, their computers, their cars, as well as the aircraft they fly in are required to be maintained. Improper maintenance results in life reduction or complete breakdown. Sometimes it is intentional, such...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... 2 ). Environmentally assisted cracking, also known as stress-corrosion cracking (SCC), is a major source of potential failures in the process industries, in pulp mills, in storage vessels, and even in aircraft. Quite often, SCC occurs in the heat-affected zone (HAZ) immediately adjacent to a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006768
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... into account when elastic-plastic fracture mechanics are used ( Ref 2 ). Environmentally assisted cracking, also known as stress-corrosion cracking (SCC), is a major source of potential failures in the process industries, in pulp mills, in storage vessels, and even in aircraft. Quite often, SCC...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... tabulation of appropriate measurements of the pieces. Next, it may be necessary to take an inventory to determine if all of the pieces or fragments are present at the site of the accident. For example, an investigation of an aircraft accident involves the development of a considerable inventory...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1