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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006805
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...Fasteners for advanced composites Table 1 Fasteners for advanced composites Fastener type Fastener material Surface coating Suggested application Epoxy/graphite composite Kevlar (DuPont) Fiberglass Honeycomb Blind rivets (a) 5056 aluminum None...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001669
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
.... Specimens of both base metal and weld metal were removed from the boat samples and their compositions determined by spectrographic analysis. Results of the analyses, presented in Table 1 , established that the compositions of both weld metal and base metal were within the limits specified for a 2– 1 4...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to increase reliability when severe service conditions are involved. Table 1 compares fastener usage for several composite materials. Fasteners for advanced composites Table 1 Fasteners for advanced composites Fastener type Fastener material Surface coating Suggested application Epoxy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... psig), 600 °C (1110 °F) and above >42 Advanced ultrasupercritical 27.8–34.5 MPa (4000–5000 psig), 700–760 °C (1300–1400 °F) >45 Source: Ref 34 Nominal composition of alloys tested in molten chlorides at 650 and 700 °C (1200 and 1290 °F) under nitrogen Table 3 Nominal...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... on area 3, depicting the advance of the fatigue crack. The final abrupt fracture of the shaft occurred over area 5 when the reduced cross-sectional area was no longer able to sustain the applied tensile stress. From the area of this part of the fracture surface, 4.5 mm 2 (0.07 in. 2 ), and assuming...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Surface Chemical Analysis Fourier Transform Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy Characterization Thermal Analysis as a Tool in Chemical Analysis X-Ray Diffraction for Compositional Analysis of Crystalline Materials Advancements in silicon drift detector technology allow for real-time or near...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... estimation of overall composition. While these systems currently are used less frequently in failure analysis than the more exact instrumentation employed in SEMs, the technology is advancing and is worthy of note due to its capability for nondestructive analysis and application in the field. Basis...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001188
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...Abstract Abstract A short fracture section of a forged and normalized Ck 35 (DIN 17200) steel slide showed three distinct zones: a dark colored crystalline area, an incipient crack propagating into a far advanced, rubbed fracture surface, and a fine crystalline final break. Metallographic...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003572
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article reviews the abrasive and adhesive wear failure of several types of reinforced polymers, including particulate-reinforced polymers, short-fiber reinforced polymers (SFRP), continuous unidirectional fiber reinforced polymers (FRP), particulate-filled composites...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... to interpret these advanced UT methods, and a an intuitive sense of the orientation, size, and position of the actual discontinuities detected may be very challenging. Focused UT is available in cases where there may be significant attenuation in a component such as a composite piece...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Aqua Tubular Boilers Accidents in Boilers Corrosion in Boilers The boiler tube analyzed in this study was fabricated with common carbon steel with small amounts of chromium, nickel, and molybdenum, according to ASTM A 192-02 standard [ 6 ]. Its composition and limits of contents recommended...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... maneuvering of the aircraft and during gear retraction and extension. Although this particular aluminum alloy is not commonly encountered in the U.S., its microstructure and fracture response seem consistent with its chemical composition. There is some question as to its temper and suitability...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... statements; many exceptions occur ( Ref 1 ). Chemical analysis showed that the tubes were fabricated from copper alloy 270 (yellow brass, 65% Cu), and energy-dispersive analysis showed that only part of the nominal 35% Zn remained in the porous and brittle layer. Metal structure and composition...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001687
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... , Institute of Metals , London , ( 1958 ). 8. Seong B.G. , Song J.H. , Hwang S.Y. and Kim K.Y. , “High Temperature Oxidation of Heat Resistant Stainless Steels in COG Combustion Environment” ; p. 123 , Proceeding of the Workshop on High Temperature Corrosion of Advanced Materials...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... coefficient of thermal expansion 28Cr3SiNiWMoV (chromium hot-worked steel) Introduction History Visual Observations Chemical Composition Hardness Testing Phase Analysis Metallography Characterization by Eddy Current Method Discussion Conclusion References References 1...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001803
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... , Van der Waerden J.P. , and deGroot K. : “ Application of Magnetron Sputtering for Producing Ceramic Coatings on Implant Materials ,” Clin. Oral Implants Res. , 1993 , 4 , pp. 28 – 34 10.1034/j.1600-0501.1993.040104.x . 9. Kim C.S. and Ducheyne P. : “ Compositional...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001370
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... of corrosion fatigue. Crack propagation occurred either by corrosion or mechanical fatigue. Evidence was found indicating high rotary bending stresses on the shaft during operation. The nonstandard composition of the En 8 steel used in the shaft and irregular maintenance reduced the life of the shaft...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... [ 4 ]. Engine stall results from an unstable air condition within the compressor [ 1 , 2 ]. Stall happens for a short duration, and could correct itself or can be corrected by retarding the throttle or power lever to idle conditions and then advancing the engine speed. High-exhaust gas...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
.... The fractured surface was smooth and flat below it, and the chevron pattern was observed near the bottom end of the fractured surface. Therefore it was proved that the crack, advancing from the bottom of flaw caused by the deep drawing, extended longitudinally upward from the central welding part. Fig. 1...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001327
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Edition of Metals Handbook defines beach marks as: “Macroscopic (visible) progression marks on a fracture surface that indicate successive position on the advancing crack front. The classic appearance is of irregular elliptical or semielliptical rings, radiating outward from one or more origins. Beach...