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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001704
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... is a complex phenomenon in which the activities of microorganisms can cause pitting, crevice corrosion, and dealloying of materials. MIC has been documented for metals exposed to seawater, fresh water, demineralized water, process chemicals, etc. [ 1 ]. The phenomenon commonly occurs in austenitic stainless...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... or wet) to enhance contrast and improve detection. Benefits and limitations of both types of particles/indications are similar to those for visible and fluorescent dye penetrants. The method can have problems with irregular surface finishes and roughness ( Ref 20 ). Because MPI does not require...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... out by using JEOL proprietary “QLAN” and “PACM” application software, respectively, under 15 kV accelerating voltage and 5 × 10 −8 A probe current. 3.1 Roll Particulars 3.2 Microstructural Features 3.3 Volume Fractions of Microstructural Phases 3.4 Fracture Characteristics 3.5 EPMA...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... affects serviceability or would be unacceptable to a standard. In contrast, a flaw refers to an undesirable imperfection, although its specific effect may not be determined. For specific and technical interpretations of these terms (and others such as discontinuity or indication ), the reader...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003566
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... impressions in the upper left corner of micrograph (c) clearly demonstrate the high hardness of the light-etching band relative to that of the surrounding matrix. In contrast to the response of the annealed microstructure, the deformation pattern in the quenched-and-tempered microstructure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Vascular Stents and Grafts Inferior Vena Cava Filters Artificial Heart Valves Active Vascular Devices Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators Artificial Pacemakers Left Ventricular Assist Devices Unlike most orthopedic implants, there are multiple scenarios in which a vascular...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... fixturing would be of interest along with examination of successfully formed wire stock. Brittle Overload Failures Brittle overload failures, in contrast to ductile overload failures, are characterized by little or no macroscopic plastic deformation. The fracture features and mechanisms...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... that reacts with the rust to produce an oxide that makes the surface passive and seals the surface from water and other solutions. In contrast to the active surfaces formed typically on steels, some metals form dense insulated tightly adherent passive films from uniform-corrosion processes with the metal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... a phosphoric-acid-based compound that reacts with the rust to produce an oxide that makes the surface passive and seals the surface from water and other solutions. In contrast to the active surfaces formed typically on steels, some metals form dense, insulated, tightly adherent passive films from uniform...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... W. , Damage Investigation of the Aged Aluminium Cable Steel Reinforced (ACSR) Conductors in a High-Voltage Transmission Line , Eng. Fail. Anal. , Vol 19 , 2012 , p 13 – 21 10.1016/j.engfailanal.2011.09.002 21. Steier V.F. , Doca T. , and Araújo J.A. , Fretting Wear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... the forming limit. The results suggested that the forming process should be examined; in particular, lubrication and workpiece fixturing would be of interest, together with examination of successfully formed wire stock. Brittle Overload Failures Brittle overload failures, in contrast to ductile...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1