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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... at the assembly level. This article covers the properties of solder alloys and the corresponding intermetallic compounds. It includes the dominant failure modes introduced during the solder joint manufacturing process and in field-use applications. The corresponding failure mechanism and root-cause analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., and magnetic particle testing. It covers the effects of various factors on the properties of the part that may impact failure analysis, describes the characterization of damage modes and crack sizes, and finally discusses the processes involved in application of NDE results to failure analysis. crack...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... monitoring of parts in service. These include techniques such as Barkhausen noise detection, acoustic emission, vibration analysis, leak detection, and strain gages. These applications of NDE technology in production and in-service settings also are important to recognize and understand during a failure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001617
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
.... The primary cause of failure was probably the unanticipated presence of high-frequency stress cycles with very low amplitudes, possibly due to vibration, resonance, or acoustic waves transmitted through the hydraulic fluid. Secondary causes of failure included the presence of high tensile residual stresses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... – 83 6. Nyman S.D. , “ What Is Wear ,” Jenson C.C. , March 2007 , https://www.cjc.dk/fileadmin/root/File_Admin_Filter/doc_Articles/What_is_Wear__2007.pdf , accessed Jan 10, 2019 7. Zhang C. , Understanding the Wear and Tribological Properties of Ceramic Matrix...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...) UNS G10300 Introduction Experimental Discussion Conclusion References References 1. Cudina M. , Prezelj J. : Detection of cavitation in operation of kinetic pumps. Use of discrete frequency . Appl. Acoust. 70 , 540 – 546 ( 2009 ) 10.1016/j.apacoust.2008.07.005...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Protection in Hydraulic Turbines , Mater. Perform. , Vol 21 ( No. 8 ), 1982 , p 15 – 18 23. Scholl M. and Clayton P. , Abrasive and Erosive Wear of Some Hypervelocity Air Plasma Sprayed Coatings , Thermal Spray Coatings: Properties, Processes, and Applications, Proc. Fourth Nat...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... application, or related to the material properties, design, or manufacture of the product. In cases that involve personal injury or will most likely involve legal pursuit of compensation from another company, care must be taken in preserving the scene and physical evidence. Accidental or deliberate...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... ( 1990 ) 9. Daily J.S. , Klingbeil N.W. : Determining the scatter in fatigue crack growth rate based on variations in bulk property data, GT2009-59117 . In: Proceedings of ASME Turbo Expo 2009 , 8–12 June 2009 , Orlando, FL, USA 10. Eliaz N. , Shemesh G. , Latanision...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001515
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... as a defence against rupture of a pressure tube at high temperatures. Unfortunately, attempts to locate the leaking pressure tube by acoustic emission techniques resulted in rupture of the tube in the N06 fuel channel when a pressure of 8.4 MPa was applied at 45°C ( 1 ). Visual Examination The first...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... responsible for RCF failure can generally be idealized by Hertzian contact conditions, but the interpretation of these fields should be approached with caution, because they do not account for variation in properties (e.g., case-hardened steels, coatings), friction, or material inhomogeneities...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... but also can assist in crack formation if pits or intergranular attack is present. In terms of bulk material properties, the strength of the material is the primary determinant of HCF endurance, and so tensile testing, or proxies such as hardness testing, is often employed in failure investigations...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003564
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... as materials for rolling-contact bearing components show some practical advantages over traditional bearing steels. The properties of ceramics, specifically low density and high stiffness, are of most interest to gas turbine ( Ref 1 ) and machine tool manufacturers ( Ref 2 ). High hardness, low coefficient...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... at all times other than scheduled maintenance, which occurs approximately once every 18–24 months [ 5 ]. The lack of significant cyclic stress is substantiated by calculations that indicate that other possible cyclic loads (caused by vibration, resonance, or acoustic waves transmitted through air...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... (or cycles to failure) in a component, the fatigue driving force and resistance parameters must be well understood. As such, geometry, material properties, and accurate characterization of the applied loading are required. Furthermore, fatigue test data that describe material behavior as a function of stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006804
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... and Technology , 2nd ed. , Academic Press , 1979 , p 315 7. Properties and Selection: Iron and Steels , Vol 1 , Metals Handbook , 9th ed. , American Society for Metals , 1978 , p 425 8. French D.N. , Failures of Boilers and Related Equipment , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Foreign matter in bearing; incipient flaking or other surface discontinuities on the raceways; acoustical properties of adjacent parts Source: Ref 13 Failure by Wear Rolling-element bearings are designed on the principle of rolling contact rather than sliding contact; frictional effects...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... materials. The main intrinsic properties that characterize all polymer molecules are their size, weight, and weight distribution; chain stiffness or chain rigidity; the particular state, whether amorphous, semicrystalline, or crystalline; and the nature of any network structure. These elements, by means...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., polypropylene; PVC, polyvinyl chloride; PA, polyamide; PI, polyimide; PET, polyethylene terephthalate. Source: Ref 7 Practical information derived from polymer analysis methods Table 2 Practical information derived from polymer analysis methods Test method Property Gel permeation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Analysis, Br. Engine Tech. Rep ., 1981 40. The Making , Shaping and Treating of Steel , 8th ed. , United States Steel Corporation , Pittsburgh, PA , 1964 , p 1076 – 1077 41. Li C.C. and Leslie W.C. , Effects of Dynamic Strain Aging on Subsequent Mechanical Properties...