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abrasion-resistant cast irons

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0047347
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...-0.51Ni Abrasive wear This high-chromium white cast iron shell liner was used in an ore-crushing operation to process taconite rocks. Impact from the rocks fractured particles from the surface of the liner. Investigation Visual-optical examination revealed that particles were fractured off...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c0091853
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... temperatures can significantly reduce the strength and wear resistance of the gray cast iron grinding plates. Selected Reference Selected Reference • Bayer R.G. , Fundamentals of Wear Failures , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 901...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., austenitic 12% Mn steels are used as crusher liners. They have fairly good resistance to gouging abrasion, combined with good toughness and the ability to be heat treated in heavy sections ( Ref 9 ). For other applications involving gouging abrasion, such as autogenous mill liners, impactor bars in impact...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... are used as crusher liners. They have fairly good resistance to gouging abrasion, combined with good toughness and the ability to be heat treated in heavy sections ( Ref 9 ). For other applications involving gouging abrasion, such as autogenous mill liners, impactor bars in impact crushers, and earth...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... white cast iron, martensitic cast iron, and austenitic manganese steel are all abrasion-resistant materials, martensitic cast irons may wear more slowly than the other materials under heavy blows or high compressive and structural stresses of crusher jaws. However, crusher jaws produced from these irons...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... the corresponding K a values obtained with the DSRW (sand particles) test because the increased ratio of hardness of the abrasive material to that of the abraded surface decreases. Materials containing hard phases, such as AISI D2 tool steel, chromium white cast iron, and WC-Co, and with hardnesses in excess...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... 0.001 — While molten, some aluminum in the piston oxidized, forming aluminum oxide, Al 2 O 3 . Because this material is extremely abrasive, it damaged both piston and cylinder walls when rubbing between them. The coarse grain size of the structure is an effect of permanent mold casting...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0047352
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... Abstract Two broken ball-mill liners from a copper-mine ore operation were submitted for failure analysis. These liners failed prematurely, having reached less than 20% of their expected life. The chemical composition of the liners was within specifications for high-chromium white cast iron...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... out by Finnie ( Ref 82 ). Particulate erosion of a ductile steel impeller by a catalytic fluid that was not expected to be erosive is shown in Fig. 7 . Fig. 7 Particulate erosion of a ductile steel impeller by an abrasive catalyst. (a) 0.25×. (b) 1× Erosion-resistant metals include...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Dependence on Abrasive Type Abrasive wear rates for steels and irons generally increase with an increase in mineral hardness. When the metal-to-mineral hardness ratio is greater than 0.6, marked improvement in the ability to resist abrasive wear is shown ( Ref 28 ). In order to achieve this favorable...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...: modification of the processing parameters to reduce the salt deposition and / or change of bar materials to a more resistant alloy. Castings Fluxing Fused salts Hot gas corrosion Ironmaking Pelleting Sintering furnaces HH UNS J93503 High-temperature corrosion and oxidation Background...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... applications of copper alloys. Severe wear and severe corrosion condition: In this case, resistance to both corrosion and wear is required. High-chromium cast iron containing higher concentrations of chromium, such as ASTM A532 class IIIA, could be a good choice to resist corrosive wear involving severe...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Particulate erosion of a ductile steel impeller by an abrasive catalyst. Original magnification: (a) 0.25×, (b) 1× Erosion-resistant metals include white cast iron (standard gray or ductile cast irons have poor resistance), high-chromium (that is, 13 to 28%) alloy steel, cobalt-base superalloys...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... iron, gray cast iron, malleable irons, ductile iron, low-alloy steel castings, austenitic steels, corrosion-resistant castings, and cast aluminum alloys are the materials discussed. The article describes the general types of discontinuities or imperfections for traditional casting with sand molds...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... counter-surface, there may be metal transfer to that surface. Almost all materials, such as carbon, ceramics, white cast iron, and metal alloys of all kinds, can be used as bearings. These materials may be chosen primarily for corrosion resistance, for prevention of sparking, for resistance to high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... material performance; the second uses actual components to simulate an accurate contact geometry. Material Performance and Simulation Testing to Examine Impact Wear Fundamental Case Study: Use of Induction Hardening to Improve Impact Wear Resistance of Cast Iron. The continuing development...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., such as magnesium or zinc, may be introduced into the galvanic assembly. The most active member will corrode while providing cathodic protection to the other members in the galvanic assembly (for example, zinc anodes in cast iron waterboxes of copper alloy water-cooled heat exchangers). Cathodic protection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... to the other members in the galvanic assembly (for example, zinc anodes in cast iron waterboxes of copper alloy water-cooled heat exchangers). Cathodic protection is often used for the protection of underground or underwater steel structures. The use of cathodic protection for long-term corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... For this reason, thin layers of Babbitt are often applied to backing materials such as bronze, steel, or cast iron. Copper-Lead Alloys These are superior to the white metals for corrosion resistance in many applications. Copper-lead bearing alloys usually contain between 20 and 30% Pb, up to 3% Sn, and may...