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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0047347
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... indicated a heavily deformed surface layer with chip formation at the wear surface. The chemical composition of the liner was found to be Fe-2.74C-0.75Mn-0.55Si-0.51Ni-19.4Cr-1.15M. This alloy is highly resistant to abrasive wear, yet at the same time, prone to chipping because little plastic displacement...
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 6 Effect of nominal contact stress on relative abrasion rating of metallic wear materials. QT, quenched and tempered. Source: Ref 5 More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 9 Abrasion resistance versus hardness for various material types in high-stress pin abrasion tests (silicon carbide abrasive). Source: Ref 6 More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 12 Effect of microstructure and hardness on the abrasion resistance of steels: high-stress abrasion, alumina abrasive. Source: Ref 7 More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 8 Fuel pump that failed by vibration and abrasion. (a) Configuration and dimensions (given in inches). (b) Splines on the drive shaft and in the impeller were worn away by vibration in the presence of sand and metallic particles. Detail A: Enlarged view of failure area showing worn More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 10 Sliding bearings damaged by abrasion by foreign particles. (a) Unetched specimen showing a large foreign particle (arrow) at the interface of a bearing and shaft. 110×. (b) Bearing surface scored by metal chips More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Fuel pump that failed by vibration and abrasion. (a) Configuration and dimensions (given in inches). (b) Splines on the drive shaft and in the impeller were worn away by vibration in the presence of sand and metallic particles. Detail A: Enlarged view of failure area showing worn More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 12 (a) Abrasion map obtained using Eq 6 and experimental data for parameter Φ from Ref 26 . (b) Abrasion behavior of a number of materials and coatings. PAT, pin abrasion test; DSRW, dry sand, rubber wheel test; PI, polyimide; HVOF, high-velocity oxyfuel. Adapted from Ref 5 More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 6 Effect of nominal contact stress on relative abrasion rating of metallic wear materials. QT, quenched and tempered. Source: Ref 5 More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 9 Abrasion resistance versus hardness for various material types in high-stress pin abrasion tests (silicon carbide abrasive). Source: Ref 6 More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 12 Effect of microstructure and hardness on the abrasion resistance of steels: high-stress abrasion, alumina abrasive. Source: Ref 7 More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 8 Fuel pump that failed by vibration and abrasion. (a) Configuration and dimensions (given in inches). OD, outside diameter. (b) Splines on the drive shaft and in the impeller were worn away by vibration in the presence of sand and metallic particles. Detail A: Enlarged view of failure More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 8 Sliding bearings damaged by abrasion by foreign particles. (a) Unetched specimen showing a large foreign particle (arrow) at the interface of a bearing and shaft. Original magnification: 110×. (b) Bearing surface scored by metal chips More
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Published: 15 May 2022
Fig. 13 Cracks formed below the surface during abrasion of polyurethane elastomer. Source: Ref 54 . Reprinted under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. © 2017 The Author(s). Licensee IntechOpen More
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract Wear, a form of surface deterioration, is a factor in a majority of component failures. This article is primarily concerned with abrasive wear mechanisms such as plastic deformation, cutting, and fragmentation which, at their core, stem from a difference in hardness between contacting...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... by fatigue, creep, or environmentally-assisted cracking. Corrosion and wear are another form of progressive material alteration or removal that can lead to failure or obsolescence. This article primarily covers the topic of abrasive wear failures, covering the general classification of wear. It also...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract A hypoid pinion made from 4820 Ni-Mo alloy steel was the driving member of a power unit operating a rapid transit car. The pinion had been removed from service at the end of the initial test period because it showed undue wear. The mode of failure was severe abrasive wear. The cause...
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 5 Abrasive wear volume at various loads and SiC abrasive papers as a function of volume fraction of short glass fibers (GF) in PEI. Speed 5 cm/s in single pass condition; distance slid 3.26 m. (a) 120 grade, grit size ≃ 118 μm. (b) 80 grade, grit size ≃ 175 μm. Source: Ref 29 More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 3 Schematic representation of the four abrasive wear classifications. Source: Ref 5 More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 4 Microscopic mechanisms of material removal between abrasive particles and the surface of materials. Source: Ref 6 More