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abnormal wear pattern

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... elements revealed an abnormal wear pattern, consistent with the application of elevated bending loads. The root cause of failure was determined to be an increase in service stresses after bearing replacement along with the presence of nonmetallic inclusions in the shaft. pinion shaft fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001799
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract A high-speed pinion gear shaft, part of a system that compresses natural gas, was analyzed to determine why it failed. An abnormal wear pattern was observed on the shaft surface beneath the inner race of the support bearings. Material from the shaft had transferred...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0048253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract Two intermediate impeller drive gears (made of AMS 6263 steel, gas carburized, hardened, and tempered) exhibited evidence of pitting and abnormal wear after production tests in test-stand engines. The gears were examined for hardness, case depth, and microstructure of case...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and Accident Reconstruction” in this Volume. It is also frequently desirable to make acetate tape replicas or room-temperature-vulcanized (RTV) rubber replicas of fracture surfaces or of wear patterns of large parts during an on-site failure analysis. Several replicas should be made of the fracture-origin...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... The failure was initially thought to be the result of thermal fatigue, and the internal surfaces exhibited the “elephant hide” pattern characteristic of thermal fatigue. However metallographic failure analysis found that this pattern was the result of corrosion rather than thermal fatigue. Corrosion caused...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001485
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... of harmful liquids, and stray electric currents. Most common modes of failure include flaking or pitting (fatigue), cracks or fractures, creep, smearing, wear, softening, indentation, fluting, and corrosion. The modes of failure are illustrated with examples from practice. Roller bearings Rolling...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001092
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract An AISI 4320 H transfer gear shaft that was part of a transmission sustained severe surface damage after 12 h of dynamometer testing at various gearing and torque loads. The damage was characterized by generalized wear and spalling. Examination of a cross section of the shaft...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., and microstructure) indicated that the bearing materials met the specification requirements. However, closer inspection revealed areas of discoloration, or nonuniform contact marks, on the ID surface of the inner ring. The unusual wear pattern suggested that the bearing was not properly mounted, thus subjecting...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001849
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of ( a ); note the presence of fatigue progression marks (beach marks) Optical examination of the surface (roll surface) of the fragment revealed a sliding wear pattern and a characteristic network of multiple interconnecting cracks ( Fig. 4 ). This surface crack pattern might be attributed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0048164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
.... Fracture of the landing-gear spring was concluded to have been caused by a fatigue crack that resulted from excessive brinelling at the support point. Regular visual examinations to detect evidence of brinelling and wear at the support in aircraft with this configuration of landing-gear spring were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c0047406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... was sand cast from a chromium-molybdenum steel. Dimensions given in inches. (b) Macrograph of a nital-etched section through a broken tooth showing surface hardening on sides and top of tooth. 2 1 2 × A heavy wear pattern was visible on one end of the flank of the pressure side of the teeth...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-element bearings are designed on the principle of rolling contact rather than sliding contact; frictional effects, although low, are not negligible, and lubrication is essential. The article lists the typical characteristics and causes of several types of failures. It describes failure by wear, failure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001597
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... that is longitudinally oriented near the middle of the surface, becoming diagonal and then circumferential near each end of the journal. Circumferential abrasive wear patterns were present over the entire journal surface, with more severe areas located along the center and near an area of spalling along the cracks ( Fig...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of assembly Beveled Gear and Sleeve Bearing Analysis Debris Analyses All 17 bearing balls were recovered, most exhibiting deformation confined primarily to one side of the ball. The rotating IR evidenced an angled wear pattern that is normally observed on the stationary raceways...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... that will not remove or obliterate any rust, oxidation, burnishing marks, or other pertinent evidence. Surfaces of all areas that may have been involved in or may have contributed to the failure should be examined, noting scuff marks, burnished areas, abnormal surface blemishes, and wear. These marks should...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... The fractograph shows a crack pattern on the fracture surface that originated at the hole. Fig. 32 Shaft assembly in which the height of the pillow-block bearing caused misalignment of the extension shaft with the drive shaft, resulting in bending-fatigue fracture Fig. 33 Grade 8640 steel...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... HRC. These high hardness requirements are needed to resist anticipated service stresses and to provide wear resistance. However, the steels must also be tough enough to accommodate service stresses and strains without cracking. Premature failure due to cracking must be avoided, or at least...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Fig. 43 Die failure caused by severe wear. (a) Die made from air-hardening tool steel that exhibited a crazed and eroded condition. Areas A and B are shown in (b) and (c), respectively. Original magnification of both: 10×. (d) Microstructural examination of area B revealing a layer...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and improved designs of a 17-7 PH stainless steel valve-seat retainer spring. As originally designed, the inner tabs on the spring broke off as a result of fatigue, and the outer tab exhibited wear. Abstract Abstract This article discusses the common causes of failures of springs, with illustrations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... acid etch Fig. 13 Scanning electron microscopy micrographs of two different surgical devices showing (a) elongated microvoid coalescence morphology indicative of ductile tearing and (b) river patterns indicative of brittle fracture. The direction of crack propagation is marked by an orange...