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X-ray spectroscopy

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract X-ray spectroscopy is generally accepted as the most useful ancillary technique that can be added to any scanning electron microscope (SEM), even to the point of being considered a necessity by most operators. While “stand-alone” x-ray detection systems are used less frequently...
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 106 Representative energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy spectrum of spherical inclusions analyzed from Fig. 105 More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 108 Energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy spectrum from an area of the defect shown in Fig. 107 More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 46 Energy-dispersive spectroscopy x-ray spectrum from a shiny metallic particle in a secondary crack, as shown in Fig. 42 More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 4 X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy survey spectrum of stainless steel surface More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 5 X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy high-resolution spectrum of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 6 X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy compositional depth profile of stainless steel More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 10 X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy high-resolution carbon spectrum of stainless steel surface More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 11 X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy high-resolution iron spectrum of stainless steel surface More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 12 X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy high-resolution iron spectrum obtained from well-passivated stainless steel surface More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 13 X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy montage display of iron in the first eight sputter cycles of the depth profile (Fig. 6) More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 14 X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy montage display of Cr in the first nine sputter cycles of the depth profile (Fig. 6) More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... covers the operating principles, applications, advantages, and disadvantages of optical emission spectroscopy (OES), inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES), X-ray spectroscopy, and ion chromatography (IC). In addition, information on combustion analysis and inert gas fusion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001638
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... Abstract An Incoloy 800H (UNS N08810) transfer line on the outlet of an ethane-cracking furnace failed during decoking of the furnace tubes after nine years in service. A metallographic examination using optical and scanning electron microscopy as well as energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001906
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... testing, scanning electron microscopy, and energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy. It was determined that the failures were due to forging defects. Both forging laps and seams acted as stress concentrators when the lugs were loaded during proof testing. Bombs (weapons) Suspension lugs Forging...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0090460
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... injection molded from a 30% glass-fiber and mineral-reinforced nylon 12 resin. Investigation, including visual inspection, 118x SEM images, 9x micrographs, energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, micro-FTIR in the ATR mode, and TGA, supported the conclusion that the filter component failed as a result...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., and substances. Analytical techniques employed include stereoscopic examination, energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS), temperature and pH testing, and metallographic analysis. The findings indicate that MIC is frequently the result of poor operations or improper materials selection, and thus often...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001585
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
...-like features (longitudinally aligned inclusions) indicated by arrows a. Examination of the stripe-like features using energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS) produced peaks of aluminum, which were not present in the EDS spectra in other areas. Fig. 2 A view of the fracture surface...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Examination Scanning Electron Microscopy and Energy-Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy Regenerator screens were examined in three conditions: as-received (no engine exposure), hot end engine run screens (closest to heater tubes), and interior engine run screens. As shown in Fig. 6(a) , the wires...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003534
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article provides information on the chemical characterization of surfaces by Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS). It describes the basic theory behind each of these techniques...