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Wire rope

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... Abstract A 3.8-cm diam 6 x 37 rope of improved plow steel wire failed in service during dumping of a ladle of hot slag. A heavy blue oxide extending 0.6 to 0.9 m back from each side of the break was revealed on examination of the rope. Tensile fractures were shown by the broken ends of the rope...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... Abstract An AISI type 303(Se) stainless steel eye terminal that was roll swaged on the end of a 9.5 mm diam wire rope cracked extensively after one year of service. A hairline crack that had initiated at the inner surface of the fitting was revealed by metallographic examination of a sectioned...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048026
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... Abstract The 11 mm diam 8 x 19 fiber-core rope, constructed from improved plow steel wire, on the cleaning-line crane failed while lifting a normal load of coils after five weeks of service. Several broken wires and fraying of the fiber core were revealed by visual examination of a section...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001527
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... Abstract Mechanical properties of wire ropes, their chemical composition, and the failure analysis process for them are described. The wires are manufactured from high-carbon, plain carbon steel, with high-strength ropes most often manufactured from AISI Grade 1074. During visual failure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001607
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... Abstract Wire ropes, pulleys, counterweights, and connecting systems are used for auto tensioning of contact wires of electric railways. A wire rope in one such auto tensioning system suffered premature failure. Failure investigation revealed fatigue cracks initiating at nonmetallic inclusions...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001646
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... Abstract Locked coil wire ropes, by virtue of their unique design and construction, have specialized applications in aerial ropeways, mine hoist installations, suspension bridge cables, and so forth. In such specialty ropes, the outer layer is constructed of Z-profile wires that provide...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001680
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... Abstract The fatigue failure of a wire rope used on a skip hoist in an underground mine has been studied as part of the ongoing research by the Bureau of Mines into haulage and materials handling hazards in mines. Macroscopic correlation of individual wire failures with wear patterns...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Type of failure of wire rope Table 1 Type of failure of wire rope Failure Core Strand 1 Strand 2 Strand 3 Strand 4 Strand 5 Strand 6 Total Tensile 49 12 8 12 11 14 11 117 Shear 0 24 28 24 25 22 25 148 Chemical composition of wire rope (wt.%) Table...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract A 6 x 19 fiber core steel wire rope failed as it was being used to lower a steel television tower. Fracture of the rope occurred at a point under one of two clips used to fashion a spliced loop that was directly connected to the top of the tower. Microscopic examination of the fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... Abstract A 13 mm diam 18 x 7 fiber-core improved plow steel nonrotating wire rope, brought into service as a replacement for 6 x 37 improved plow steel ropes, failed after 14 months of service on a stacker crane. The change was reported to have been caused by difficulties twisting of the 6 x 37...
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 This photograph of a severely cracked wire rope exhibits wire fractures that result from an improper service environment. More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 1 End of a steel wire-rope wire that failed in tension because of overloading. Necking at the end of the wire indicates ductile fracture. More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 20 Optical images of typical wire-rope surface. Several external wire breaks (arrows) were observed. More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Schematic of the section of a locked coil wire rope showing outer layer of interlocking Z-profile wires More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Failure of wire rope at corroded areas. (×2 1 2 ). More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 2 Section through group of cracks in strand from wire rope. (×50). More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Bolt and thimble assembly used for connection of a wire rope to a crane hanger bracket showing the worn area of the bolt. Dimensions given in inches More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Steel wire rope, used on a cleaning-line crane, that failed from fatigue resulting from vibration caused by shock loading. (a) Section of the wire rope adjacent to the fracture. Approximately 1 1 2 ×. (b) Unetched longitudinal section of a wire from the rope showing fatigue More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Wire rope, made of improved plow steel with a fiber core, that failed because of heavy abrasion and crushing under normal loading. (a) Crushed rope showing abraded wires and crown wear. 1.8×. (b) Nital-etched specimen showing martensite layer (top) and uniform, heavily drawn More
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Published: 01 December 2019
Fig. 1 Failed wire rope More