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Wire reinforcement

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001634
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
...Abstract Abstract The boom lift equalizer hose on an excavator failed and the resultant release of high-pressure hydraulic fluid damaged the operator cabin. The hose was a heavy duty, high-impulse, multiple-spiral wire-reinforced, rubber covered hydraulic hose equivalent to 100R13...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001635
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
.... There were two modes of failure of the wire: tensile and corrosion related. The predominant corrosion mechanism appeared to be crevice corrosion related, with the corrosion being driven by the retention of water by the cover material around the wire strands. In this case study (and in most wire-reinforced...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001518
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
..., as specified in AS 3791-1991 Hydraulic Hoses. This type of hose consisted of an inner tube of oil-resistant synthetic rubber, a single medium-carbon steel wire braid reinforcement, and an oil-and-weather resistant synthetic rubber cover. The wire braiding was found to be severely corroded in the area...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c9001014
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
...Abstract Abstract A tool used to stretch reinforcement wires in prestressed concrete failed. All eight individual jaws were broken. Visual examination of the fracture surfaces indicated that about half of the broken parts had a partially dendritic appearance. Further, fracture surfaces near...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... transmission conductor cables are mostly of ACSR construction. Because electrical conductor (high-purity) aluminum cannot bear its own weight over long spans, one or more layers of aluminum wire strands are assembled around a steel wire cable core. The aluminum bears the electrical load, and the steel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0007736
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... in the concrete. Chlorides Concrete construction Reinforcing steels Wire Steel wire Hydrogen damage and embrittlement Pitting corrosion Single 6.4-mm (0.25-in) posttensioning wires failed in a parking garage in the southern portion of the United States. A typical anchorage with a broken...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... by the heavy deformation of the fracture faces of the I-beam, extension of the fatigue crack had occurred over a considerable time. Wire ropes are frequently subjected to repeated bending in service. The possibility of fatigue failure of individual wires, and hence of the rope itself, is always present...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... the wires to rupture. Cables Concrete construction Reinforcing steels Tension tests Wire St 145/160 Ductile fracture During the construction of a prestressed concrete viaduct, several wires 12.2 mm in diameter ruptured after tensioning but before the channels were grouted. They were made...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... The cracks were subsequently welded over with 308 stainless steel filler wire and the base plate was replaced with new material. Soon after, the tank began leaking along the weld bead, triggering a full-scale investigation; spectroscopy, optical and scanning electron microscopy, fractography, SEM-EDS...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... inner braid wire strands used as reinforcement in a polytetrafluoroethylene hose used for chemical transport. Note corrosion at wire contact surfaces and underlying ribbon sections. Original magnification: 11.3× Fig. 3 Dried ring residue formation (arrows) on polytetrafluoroethylene hose outer...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... and joined by two fish-plates, each 1 in. × 1 4 in., also of stainless steel, the exact type not being specified. The basket was provided with a perforated sheet Monel-metal lining, with two additional wire mesh linings of the same material on the inside. Examination after the mishap revealed...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... indications that are found by nondestructive testing methods. Surface features that are causes for rejection include: Excessive mismatch at the weld joint Excessive bead convexity and bead reinforcement Excessive bead concavity, underfill, and undersized welds Sharp undercut and overlap...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... electrically by copper wire connections. A schematic showing the east face of one-half of the beam is given in Figure 2 . This drawing shows the grid system used to identify positions on the surface of the beam. It contains grid locations 1 through 47 while the other half of the beam was numbered 54...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003525
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Chromatography Melt Flow Index Solution Viscosity Example 1: Embrittlement of a Polycarbonate Bracket Example 2: Chemical Attack of Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene Grips Example 3: Inclusion within an ABS Handle Example 4: Relaxation of Nylon Wire Clips Example 5: Embrittlement of Nylon...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001901
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... should be different now that would reduce service from nearly eight years to only about three months? No loss of washer fluid was observed, so that could not be a factor. Above and around the immediate area, however, the wire-bundle wraps were reduced to a sticky, pliable plastic. Furthermore, some...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in hydroturbines and pumps is usually repaired by air-arc gouging to sound metal, cleaning the gouged area with a wire wheel or wire brush, preheating the areas to be repaired, filling the cavities with weld metal, and grinding to final contour. This seems simple enough, but often, in practice...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of the snubbers will give rise to increased vibration of the blades and the onset of impact fretting. In some turbines, a wire is threaded through holes in the outer ends of the blades to dampen down vibration. In this case, the frictional energy dissipated in the fretting process is the effective agent and may...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... is not damaged during removal or shipment. Wire brushing of the origin fracture surface should not be permitted, because this removes the fine features of the fracture surfaces and eliminates the possibility of a fractographic examination in a scanning electron microscope. If the origin is associated with a weld...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... sufficient to fracture the screws in ductile overload. Example 2: Forming Cracks on Stainless Steel Wire. Cold-drawn 6.4 mm (0.25 in.) diameter type 303 stainless steel wire sections failed during a forming operation. All wires failed at a gradual 90° bend. Investigation High-magnification...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...), pins, and orthopedic wire are available (intramedullary refers to use of the marrow space of the bone for support). Some implants have very specific uses; others have a wide range of applications with different functions. Under the impact of a trauma, bones can fracture in any configuration...