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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001487
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract Copper shortening has been found to occur in the rotor windings of turbo alternators and takes the form of a progressive reduction in the length of the coils leading to distortion of the end windings. The trouble results from the high loading which develops between successive layers...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001692
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Abstract Two blade-detachment failures in large (600 kW) wind turbine generators were investigated. In the first case, bolt failures were established as the initial failure event. A fatigue crack reached a critical length, fast fracture developed and was then arrested as the bolt unloaded...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Abstract Wind turbine blades are secured by a number of high-strength bolts. The failure of one such bolt, which caused a turbine blade to detach, was investigated to determine why it fractured. Based on the results of a detailed analysis, consisting of stress calculations, chemical composition testing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001705
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract The working fluid of a hypersonic wind tunnel is freon 14 heated in molten-metal-bath heat exchangers. The coils of the heaters have failed several times from various causes. They have been replaced each time with a stainless steel deemed more appropriate, but they continue to fail...
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Published: 01 December 1993
Fig. 1 Wind tunnel model orientation adjustment system, showing model support, test section floor, supporting carriages, and turntable rail More
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Published: 01 December 1993
Fig. 1 PTR with three-bladed propeller rotor in wind tunnel test configuration More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 600 kW wind turbine generator More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 2 View of wind turbine after blade detachment More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 2 Stress strain conditions in rotor windings. More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0048139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... striations within the beach-mark regions were revealed by scanning electron microscopy. As a corrective measure, the spring-winding operation was altered to eliminate the tool marks. Electrical switches Winding 302 UNS S30200 Fatigue fracture Several electrical toggle switches failed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0047508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... and drilled for bolting on a heavy steel plate. The tank was filled to a record height. In mid-Jan the temperature dropped to -31 deg C (-23 deg F), with high winds. The tank split open and collapsed. The welding used the shielded metal arc process with E6010 electrodes, which could lead to weld porosity...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001483
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... Abstract A steel bolt had been used to join the copper connecting strips between the poles of a 10-pole, series-connected, rotating field rotor of a synchronous motor. The exciting current was 155 amps. Failure of the bolt resulted in severe damage to the stator windings by the loosened ends...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of cracks that propagated under the cyclic forces of vibration and wind. As the cracks grew larger, the weight of the transformer eventually overloaded the brackets, resulting in failure. Selected References Selected References • Fracture of Plastics , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... of the fracture surface using scanning electron microscopy showed no evidence of fatigue. Final fracture occurred in torsion. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed high inner-diameter residual stresses, indicating inadequate stress relief from spring winding. It was concluded that failure initiation was caused...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001124
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... loading attributable to wind/thermal factors at the joints. The grain flow at the joints was transverse to the wire axis, rendering the notches of the joints sensitive to fatigue loading. An additional contributory factor was intergranular corrosion, which assisted fatigue crack initiation/propagation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Microstructure of tooth taken from replacement sprocket (excessive wear), showing dark unresolved pearlite in a ferrite matrix. Nital etch. 63×. Abstract Replacement sprockets installed on chain drive shafts for winding fibers exhibited excessive wear. Metallographic and chemical analyses conducted...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001308
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Fig. 1 Wind tunnel model orientation adjustment system, showing model support, test section floor, supporting carriages, and turntable rail Fig. 2 Turntable rail, showing type and location of cracking Fig. 4 SEM micrograph of region Ia. Rock candy appearance indicates...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... in Fig. 14 . 1.34× Fig. 19 Inner races in their housing. Wear on the housing shoulder shows where the balls probably spun after the second bearing slip. See also Fig. 14 . 1.19× Fig. 1 PTR with three-bladed propeller rotor in wind tunnel test configuration Fig. 2 Schematic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... during crack formation, and that it penetrated during pickling or galvanizing. This supposition was confirmed also by the fact that the wire fractures were not observed during cable winding, but only subsequently to it, and therefore seemed to have appeared only after a certain delay. Cables...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0048158
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... by the action of liquid zinc and tin in combination with static and torsional stresses on the spring wire. As a corrective measure, Na, Sn, and Zn which were present in pigmented oil used as a lubricant during spring winding was cleaned thoroughly by the spring manufacturer before shipment to remove all...