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Welding defects

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048048
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... in the weld zone (up to 1.2 mm deep) were revealed during metallographic examination of a section through the fracture surface. The cracks were filled with scale which indicated that they had formed during resistance welding of the link. The defect was thus attributed to the weld defects which initiated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001909
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... parameters resulted in acceptable welds. Bombs (weapons) Bomb fins Welded joints Weld defects Low-carbon steel Joining-related failures Introduction Component: MK#83 and MK#84 general purpose bomb fins Manufacturing defects: Nonpenetrating plug welds Background A First Article...
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 4 SCC in the weld initiated from the weld defect. Magnification 100× More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Resistance-welded 4615 steel chain link that broke because of a weld defect. (a) A fracture surface of the chain link showing fatigue beach marks (arrow) progressing across the surface from the inside of the link. (b) Nital-etched longitudinal section through the link showing fracture More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001425
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... taken place either at a weld in the pipe or at a discontinuity in the material. Microscopic examination through the joints at the ends of the rupture confirmed that the pipe had been made from strip and the edges lap-welded. The second case concerned an 8 in. diam pipe in which a longitudinal defect...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001534
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... root (lack of penetration). Component failure had started from this weld defect. The hydrogen absorbed during welding facilitated crack initiation from this weld defect during storage of the component after welding. Poor weld toughness at the low operating temperature facilitated crack growth during...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
..., again a brittle crack was initiated at a horizontal weld defect and propagated vertically, destroying the tank and the liquefaction plant. The initiation site was a thumbnail elliptical crack in a horizontal weld, having a depth of 1.5 mm, and a length of 4.5 mm. This showed that as late the mid-1970s...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001114
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... Contributing factors included the presence of a hard, brittle, heat-affected zone and weld defects at the handling pad eye. It was recommended that the replacement clamp be made from a material with good toughness and that any installation of attachments by welding be done according to qualified procedures...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0047621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... with 2% chromic acid plus HCl views) supported the conclusions that failure was by fatigue from multiple origins caused by welding defects. Ultimate failure was by tensile overload of the sections partly separated by the fatigue cracks. Recommendations included correct fit-up of the case, stiffener...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... or the preheating was not high enough or sufficiently uniform. This damage was therefore caused by a welding defect. Cracking (fracturing) Pipe Preheating Weld defects Welded joints Structural steel Joining-related failures In a shipyard one of the two posts of a loading gear fractured under...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... “B” was transverse to the rolling direction Fig. 7 Transverse view of the weld connecting the flange to the RHS showing the fractured part of the joint, close to the oxidized surface (region A). Defects like lack of fusion, lack of penetration, and porosities were observed Fig. 2...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001430
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... to heat-affected zone cracking, residual stresses, the lower fatigue strength of the weld deposited metal, and weld defects. Repair welding Shafts (power) Weld defects Fe-0.6C Joining-related failures Fatigue fracture It is true to say that the construction of engineering plant — vessels...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001034
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... at the weld areas and away from the weld zones. Terraced, near-surface pits with subsurface caverns and a high level of sulfur in the pit residue, both indicative of bacteria-induced corrosion, were found. No evidence of weld defects or defective material was present. Testing of the water used at the wash...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... case hardening. The butt weld seams were not tight and were covered with oxide inclusions. Given that wear occurred preferentially at the welds it may be concluded that this weld defect contributed to the substantial wear. This leaves unanswered whether these chains could have withstood the high...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... The joints had been produced using the mechanized gas-metal arc welding process. Cracking was attributed to improper control of welding parameters, and failure was attributed to weld defects. Air intakes Corrosion-resistant steels Diffusers Exhaust systems Low-cycle fatigue Transition joints Weld...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... particularly favorable conditions for corrosion in the defective welded seam (crevice corrosion). The tube material itself is perfectly satisfactory and in no way responsible for the failure. Pipe Weld defects Welded joints Welded steel Joining-related failures Crevice corrosion The elbow made...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... disposed in an annular manner. When sectioned, the nuts showed a surprising method of construction. The nuts for the bolts had been made by using conventional pipe couplings inserted into sleeves made from hexagonal bar and the coupling secured to the sleeve by welding at each outer face. The ends...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c9001565
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... resistant to SCC. The candidate materials are commercial grade unalloyed titanium or Inconel 600, which have superior resistance to SCC compared to austenitic stainless steels. Paper machines Piping Weld defects White liquor 304 UNS S30400 Joining-related failures Stress-corrosion cracking...
Image
Published: 30 August 2021
of the sling body showing weld defects More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
of the sling body showing weld defects More