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Welded steel

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001525
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... Abstract Welded steel storage vessels used to hold mildly alkaline solution were produced in exactly the same manner from deep-drawn aluminum-killed SAE 1006 low-carbon steel sheet. After the cylindrical shell was drawn, a top low-carbon steel closure was welded to the inside diameter...
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 57 Upset butt welded steel wire showing typical acceptable burrs on the welds. Dimensions given in inches More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0089722
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Abstract A welded elbow assembly (AISI type 321 stainless steel, with components joined with ER347 stainless steel filler metal by gas tungsten arc welding) was part of a hydraulic-pump pressure line for a jet aircraft. The other end of the tube was attached to a flexible metal hose, which...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0048356
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Abstract Welded to the top of a dust bin for rigid support, a furnace water-wall tube in a new stationary boiler broke at the welded joint shortly after start-up. The tubes measured 64 mm (2.5 in.) OD by 3.2 mm (0.125 in.) wall thickness and were made of carbon steel to ASME SA-226...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0091009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
..., immediately prior to heat treatment. Multiple-pass arc welds secured the carbon-steel flanges to the Ni-Cr-Mo-V alloy steel tubes. Investigation (visual inspection, metallographic analysis, and evaluation of the fabrication history and the analysis data) supported the conclusion that the tube failed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001426
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... Abstract Following three similar failures of load chains on manually operated geared pulley-blocks of 1-ton capacity, a portion of one of the chains was obtained for examination. The chain was made of mild steel and the links had been electrically butt-welded at one side. In the case...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001186
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Welded joints Wire Cold-drawn steel Ductile fracture A steel wire of 2.3 mm diameter broke during cable twisting. The fracture occurred obliquely to the longitudinal axis of the wire and showed a constriction at the end. Therefore it was a ductile fracture. File mark type work defects were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001171
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... Abstract The defects observed along weldings of stainless steel pipelines employed in marine environments were evidenced by metallographic and electrochemical examination. A compilation of cases on the effect of defective weldings, in addition to improper choice of stainless steel for water...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0047817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... Abstract A pushrod made by inertia welding two rough bored pieces of bar stock installed in a mud pump fractured after two weeks in service. The flange portion was made of 94B17 steel, and the shaft was made of 8620 steel. It was disclosed by visual examination that the fracture occurred...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0089730
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
.... Elbows made of ASTM A234 grade B steel were attached to each end of the assembly, 180 deg apart. A 1.3 mm (0.050 in.) thick liner with an OD of 29 cm (11 in.) was welded inside each joint. The upstream ends were stable, but the downstream ends of the liners remained free, allowing the components to move...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001072
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract Radial cracking occurred adjacent to 11 vanes in a 19-vane impeller operating in a chemical plant environment. The impeller vanes were fillet welded to both the disk and the cover Cracks were next to the fillet welds and near the cover outer diameter They generally did not extend...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001052
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract A failure analysis was conducted to determine the cause of recurring failure of flexible bellows in an exhaust hose assembly. The bellows were made of type 321 stainless steel. Visual examination showed that cracks followed a path along the seam weld in the bellows. Most of the cracks...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001350
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract Upon arrival at the erection site, an AISI type 316L stainless steel tank intended for storage of fast breeder test reactor coolant (liquid sodium) exhibited cracks on its shell at two of four shell/nozzle fillet-welded joint regions. The tank had been transported from the manufacturer...
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Crack in the repair-welded area of a type 321 stainless steel fuel-nozzle-support assembly because of incorrect welding procedure. (a) Photograph showing the crack in the fillet on the front side of the support neck. Approximately 6×. (b) Section through the support neck. Arrow More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Cracking of a welded ferritic stainless steel heat exchanger. (a) Diagram showing the heat-exchanger weld joint design. (b) The transverse crack that occurred through the weld. 5.9×. (c) Metallographic profile of the weld near the cracking, showing melt-through, grain growth More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 The inside surface of the welded low-carbon steel storage tank shows evidence of general corrosion with severe discoloration at the weld. More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Type 414 stainless steel stud, welded to type 304 stainless flange, that fractured in service. Fracture occurred because of intergranular postweld cracking in a martensitic region of the HAZ. More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Resistance-welded 4615 steel chain link that broke because of a weld defect. (a) A fracture surface of the chain link showing fatigue beach marks (arrow) progressing across the surface from the inside of the link. (b) Nital-etched longitudinal section through the link showing fracture More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Cylindrical column of arc-welded ASTM A36 steel for a sky-tower observatory that cracked during construction because of high residual stresses and stress raisers in the welds. (a) Design of section-to-section weld joint showing the circumferential girth welds and backing band joined More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Welded stainless steel elbow assembly that, as originally designed, cracked at the root of the weld under cyclic loading. The improved design moved the weld out of the high-stress area. Dimensions given in inches More