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Welded low-carbon steel

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001525
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... Abstract Welded steel storage vessels used to hold mildly alkaline solution were produced in exactly the same manner from deep-drawn aluminum-killed SAE 1006 low-carbon steel sheet. After the cylindrical shell was drawn, a top low-carbon steel closure was welded to the inside diameter. The...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001909
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract Welded low-carbon steel bomb fins were rejected because of poor weld practice. Visual and metallographic examination revealed that the resistance plug welds that attach the outer skin to the inner spar displayed inadequate weld penetration. Recommended changes to the resistance welding...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047566
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract Handles welded to the top cover plate of a chemical-plant downcomer broke at the welds when the handles were used to lift the cover. The handles were fabricated of low-carbon steel rod; the cover was of type 502 stainless steel plate. The attachment welds were made with type 347...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0048819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... ASTM A516, grade 70, low-carbon steel plate. A steel angle had been formed into a ring was continuously welded to the inside wall of the vessel. The groove formed by the junction of the lower tray-support weld and the top part of the weld around the nozzle was found to have a crack. Pits and scale near...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0089766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... low-carbon low-alloy steel that was welded to an AISI 1025 steel tube, and the improved design included placing the welded joint of the flange farther away from the flange fillet. Investigation (visual inspection and chemical analysis) supported the conclusion that the failures in the flanges of...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract Pipes made of low-carbon Thomas steel had been welded longitudinally employing the carbon-arc process with bare electrode wire made for argon-shielded arc welding. Difficulties were encountered during the cutting of threads because of the presence of hard spots. Microstructural...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c9001223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... been applied. Microscopic examination showed grain disintegration was promoted by the thickness of the weld bead and the amount of heat required to produce it. If nonstabilized austenitic sheet is to be used in the future, one of the particularly low-carbon steels, X2 CrNi 18 9 or X2 CrNiMo 18 10, is...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001348
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... The tanks failed because of chloride SCC in the sensitized HAZ of the weldment. Low-carbon-content steel and a low level of cold work in the dished end could have prevented sensitization in the HAZ and therefore the failure. Use of type 304L stainless steel and dished ends in the solution-annealed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001171
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... precipitation increases very fast 4 , 5 , 7 , 9 , 13 . So, the low-carbon stainless steels are preferred in the welded systems, subjected to strong corrosive media causing this type of corrosion as, for example, sea water, systems which cannot, for practical reasons, be subjected to heat-treatments. To...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001350
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract Upon arrival at the erection site, an AISI type 316L stainless steel tank intended for storage of fast breeder test reactor coolant (liquid sodium) exhibited cracks on its shell at two of four shell/nozzle fillet-welded joint regions. The tank had been transported from the manufacturer...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0089730
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... one liner was welded to an elbow, and the upstream end of the other liner was welded to the pipe; this allowed the downstream ends of the liners to remain free and permitted the components to move with expansion and contraction of the bellows. Fig. 1 Duct assembly of medium-carbon steels in...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0047817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... taken from near the fracture surface showed that the microstructure of the metal at the inner surface contained acicular ferrite and bainite, indicative of decarburization ( Fig. 1b ) The microstructure of the metal approximately 1.6 mm (0.0625 in.) from the inner surface contained low-carbon martensite...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001426
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... material to be a very low carbon rimming steel of satisfactory quality, no abnormal features being observed. Fig. 2 (×150) It was evident from the examination that the service failures were due to the use of chain that was initially defective. Welding of chains of this type is carried out by...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...°. Examination of the fracture faces, which were of crystalline appearance indicative of brittle behaviour, indicated that complete fusion of the weld root had not been obtained. Microscopical examination showed the deposit to possess a large grain size with a low carbon content disposed as carbides along the...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0048840
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... maintenance and inspection records showed that the carbon steel shroud-support ring had been removed for a hydrotest, the existing weld metal ground off, and the shell surface inspected using dye penetrant. The new ring was welded from one side. The weld was made with six passes by using low-hydrogen...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... embrittlement from welding had not occurred. The compositions of the inner and outer plates are given in Table 1 . Although A283 is not very restrictive ( Table 1 ), the analysis showed that the material met the specifications and appeared to be an easily welded steel with a carbon equivalent (CE) of 0.42...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... the crack. Results of chemical analysis are shown in Table 1 . The plates corresponded to A36 steel. No appreciable alloy elements were found (only residual amounts), and the carbon content was not high. The carbon equivalents (CE) were low. Plate A had a CE of 0.34; plate B, 0.27. This should be...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001594
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Research Institute , San Antonio, TX , Sep 1993 . 3. CPSES Welding Manual , Welding Procedure Specifications CP-301 for stainless steel and CP-201 for carbon steel, Comanche Peak Steam Electric Station. 4. CPSES Welding Manual , Procedure WLD-106, Section 6.9.1, Comanche Peak Steam Electric...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001116
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... of the following attributes: Made from continuously cast steel Relatively low carbon and sulfur contents Hot stretch reduced or full body normalized Many oil producers often use grade J-55 pipe, both seamless and ERW, for the production tubing string in oil and gas wells. Typically...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... welds alleviated the problem. Automotive components Chassis Fillet welds Frames Low-cycle fatigue Weldments SAE 950X Joining-related failures Fatigue fracture References 1. “Steel, Concrete, and Composite Bridges; Code of Practice For Fatigue,” BS 5400: PT 10...