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Weld strength

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001612
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... that the premature failure of the fan was due to inadequate bonding between the sheets at the weld nugget. The fracture was initiated from the nugget-plate interface. The inadequate penetration and lack of fusion between the steel sheets during resistance spot welding led to poor weld strength and the fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... cracked outside of the weld seam closely under the head. Neither one had been particularly deformed before fracture. The composition of the head pieces corresponded approximately to manganese steel (Material No. 1 0845), a weldable construction steel with increased yield point and strength, while...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... metal was a construction steel of 60 to 75 kp/sq mm strength. Thick-walled parts of steels of such high strength must be preheated to approximately 200 deg C along the edges prior to welding to minimize the strong heat losses by the cold mass of the part. In the case under investigation this either...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0047694
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
...Abstract Abstract Extra high strength zinc-coated 1080 steel welded wire was wound into seven-wire cable strands for use in aerial cables and guy wires. The wires and cable strands failed tensile, elongation, and wrap tests, with wires fracturing near welds at 2.5 to 3.5% elongation and through...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c0048830
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... and microscopic examination to have been overheated for a sufficiently long time to reduce the tensile strength below the minimum required for the steel. It was interpreted that the wide difference in tensile strength between head and weld metal (including HAZ) formed a metallurgical notch that enhanced...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0047423
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... material had not been used to make the weld. Repair welds in high-strength steel castings should always be made with low-hydrogen filler materials. Filler metals Heat affected zone Repair welding Fe-0.18C-1.37Ni-0.42Cr-0.31Mo Fatigue fracture Joining-related failures A large shackle used...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046991
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... the conclusions that the deep oxidation greatly decreased the strength of the weld HAZ and cracking followed. Carbides Piping Precipitation Sensitization Welded joints Incoloy 800 UNS N08800 Intergranular fracture The outlet-piping system of a steam-reformer unit failed by extensive cracking...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... was found to be fatigue cracking that initiated at the toes of the fillet welds. Secondary fatigue cracking occurred at the torque rod mounting holes. Failure was attributed to cyclic stresses at the weld toes that exceeded the lowered fatigue strength at this location. A design change that eliminated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... to a temperature of 130 deg C (266 deg F). Magnetic crack detection revealed circumferential crack-like indications situated a short distance from the butt weld. Cracking originated on the bore surfaces of the tube and was of an intergranular nature reminiscent of caustic cracking in steam boilers. The strength...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001430
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... to heat-affected zone cracking, residual stresses, the lower fatigue strength of the weld deposited metal, and weld defects. Repair welding Shafts (power) Weld defects Fe-0.6C Joining-related failures Fatigue fracture It is true to say that the construction of engineering plant — vessels...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... commonly used for bronze welding. Failure resulted from dezincification of the joint material from the internal side of the tube. Also, a selective attack on the beta phase had occurred. It was evident that the loss in mechanical strength arising from the corrosion had resulted in the development...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001152
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...-alloyed steel with 39 kg/sq mm tensile strength, which had been strengthened by welding plate strips on both sides had fractured in service; an axle tube out of 40 Mn 4 after DIN 17 200 from a paper fabrication machine, which had three short longitudinal slits distributed uniformly over its surface...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... notch produced by flame cutting and welding. As corrective measures, fully silicon-killed 1020 steel with a maximum grain size of ASTM 5 were used to make new stop-block weldments. The weldments were normalized at 900 deg C after flame cutting and welding to improve microstructure and impact strength...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001438
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... a deposit of weld metal had been made, probably to eliminate a surface defect but apparently, without complete removal of the defect down to sound metal prior to welding. On many occasions it is preferable to blend out surface defects by local dressing. The effect of the resulting loss of strength...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0048733
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...-shell wall between the welds and the hot well outside the welds. These values exceeded the actual yield strength of the shell material at operating pressures of 331 kPa (48 psi) and greater. The material was no longer in the elastic region, and it deformed plastically to relieve or transfer the stress...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... to AISI 1020 steel with carbon content toward the high side of the range. The mechanical properties of the parent metal in split and unsplit lengths were satisfactory. Weld strength, on the other hand, without removal of reinforcement was about 70% of parent metal strength in areas immediately adjacent...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... fracture by cleavage. The crack followed the heat-affected zone of a welded joint connecting a rectangular hollow section member and a plate flange. The main factors contributing to failure were related with a combination of design-in and manufacturing-in factors like high load-strength ratio at the point...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0048791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... on the cross were located in wide bands running circumferentially below the cross-to-cap weld and above the cap-to-discharge-pipe weld. The material was found to conform to the requirements both in terms of hardness and strength. Intergranular cracks filled with oxide were observed on metallographic analysis...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001735
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... tube remaining life showed the welds to be inadequate, and to have a strength and creep resistance below those of the base metal. Reformer furnaces Tubine Welded joints HK-40 UNS J94224 Creep fracture/stress rupture A sample tube was removed from a reformer furnace for life assessment...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0048782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... accumulator showing lack of weld penetration. A hardness traverse on the shell yielded values from 84.1 to 86.5 HRB, corresponding to an approximate tensile strength of 550 MPa (80 ksi), which is within the 515- to 620-MPa (75- to 90-ksi) range required for SA455 material. The hardness of the head...