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Uniform corrosion

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0091292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... pipe Uniform corrosion (Other, general, or unspecified) corrosion The 25 mm (1 in.) copper coupling shown in Fig. 1 has been uniformly degraded around most of the circumference of the bell and partially on the spigot end. One penetration finally occurred through the thinned area on the spigot...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0091291
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
.... Boiler tubes Chealating Feedwater Carbon steel Uniform corrosion The carbon steel tubes shown in Fig. 1 have been corroded to paper thinness, revealing a lacelike pattern of total metal loss. These steel tubes are from a boiler feedwater heater feeding a deaerator. As part of the boiler-water...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0091293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... by microbiological attack, specifically sulfur-reducing bacteria. No recommendations were made. Piping Sulfur-reducing bacteria Water heaters Copper pipe Uniform corrosion Biological corrosion Microbiological attack of copper piping has been well documented and was found in a closed-loop water heater...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... covered are galvanic corrosion, uniform corrosion, pitting, crevice corrosion, intergranular corrosion, selective leaching, and velocity-affected corrosion. In particular, mechanisms of corrosive attack for specific forms of corrosion, as well as evaluation and factors contributing to these forms...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., uniform corrosion, pitting and crevice corrosion, intergranular corrosion, and velocity-affected corrosion. The article contains a table that lists combinations of alloys and environments subjected to selective leaching and the elements removed by leaching. corrosion crevice corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001718
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... with pitting. Uniform corrosion is evident and two deep linear defects are present on impeller blade tips. In contrast, the undamaged impeller surfaces are covered with a dark oxide film. This and many other impellers in seemingly identical service conditions survive long lives with little or no apparent...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0006440
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... electron microscopy. The corrosion product contained molybdenum and copper with a trace of gold. The base material was analyzed as molybdenum with negligible alloying additions. The primary mode of corrosion attack on the base material appeared to be intergranular, although uniform corrosion was evident...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... 304 stainless steel tubes. Visual and stereoscopic examination revealed three types of corrosion on the inside surfaces of the tubes: uniform attack, deeper localized corrosive attack, and accelerated uniform attack. Metallographic analysis indicated that pronounced dissimilar-metal corrosion had...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c0048397
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... Phase transformations Surgical implants Chromium steel Uniform corrosion The four-hole Lane plate shown in Fig. 1(a) was inserted 46 years ago and remained in the body for 26 years. A large portion of the plate disintegrated and consisted mainly of corrosion products. Figure 1(b) shows...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... and oxidation Uniform corrosion Three samples from a ruptured 316 stainless steel tube were examined. The samples are shown in Fig. 1 . The unmarked sample was taken from the centre of the rupture where the tube thinned, bulged, spread and became partially flattened. Sample 1 was taken from the edge...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001699
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... of corrosion monitoring and poor water quality. Pipe replacement and a regular water testing program were recommended. Monitoring Water pipelines Water treatment Steel pipe Uniform corrosion Crevice corrosion Biological corrosion A shopping mall in South Carolina was originally constructed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001608
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
..., including the purchasing specifications and observations and photographs taken during surveys enroute. A frequent conclusion of such investigations is that the alleged corrosion is of no significance or did not occur during the voyage. Mill scale Rusting Storage Hot-rolled steel Uniform corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001525
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... cleaning Storage tanks 1006 UNS G10060 Uniform corrosion Metalworking-related failures Introduction Failure of Welded Steel Vessels Analysis of the Tank Laboratory Testing Electrochemical Impedance Cyclic Polarization Selected References Selected References • Freeman...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... beam Uniform corrosion Introduction Rocky Point Viaduct - Details Rocky Point Viaduct - History Experimental Results and Discussion Summary Conclusions Future Studies Acknowledgments References References 1. Burke P. , Materials Performance, 33 ( 6 ), 48...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
..., it describes the most important types of corrosion, including uniform, galvanic, pitting, stress, and erosion corrosion. References References 1. Shah R. and Sekulic D.P. , Fundamentals of Heat Exchanger Design , Wiley , Hoboken, NJ , 2003 10.1002/9780470172605 2. Sekulic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001715
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... attributed to general corrosion, where the cross section of the wire is reduced until the strength of the wire is exceeded. Most of the failures evaluated were attributed to stress-corrosion cracking. Pipe Prestressed concrete Service life Splitting ASTM A648 Uniform corrosion Stress-corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract The failure of T12 reheater tubes that had been in service for only 3000 h was investigated. The thickness of the tubes was visibly reduced by heavy oxidation corrosion on the inner and outer walls. The original pearlite substrate completely decomposed. Uniform oxide scale...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001683
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... revealed that voids generally grew in the wrought material by uniform general corrosion. Tunneling or worm-holing was also observed, whereby void extension occurred by initiating daughter voids probably at flaws or other inhomogeneities. Selective attack occurred within the fusion zone, i.e., within...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001070
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... the corrosion to an acceptable limit. Chemical processing equipment Sulfuric acid, environment UNS S31603 UNS N08020 316L 20Cb Uniform corrosion Background Conclusion and Recommendations Reference Reference 1. Kiefer G.C. and Renshaw W.G. , The Behavior of the Chromium...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001634
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... away completely in most areas. This corrosion was fairly uniform around the circumference of the hose. The loss of two spirals/layers of wire reinforcement effectively reduced the pressure carrying capacity of the hose to below that of the maximum operational pressure experienced. Either the hose...