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UNS S31600

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c9001564
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... Paper machines 316 UNS S31600 Stress-corrosion cracking Transgranular fracture An 8-inch diameter stainless steel black liquor feed pipe to a carbon steel digester had failed within 1 year of service. The material was type 316 molybdenum containing austenitic stainless steel. The service...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001736
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... mechanism, namely grain boundary sliding, relating to the periodic nature of the loading, with high residual stresses being present. Grain boundary sliding Petrochemical equipment Transfer piping Welded joints 316 UNS S31600 Creep fracture/stress rupture Leakage was detected at the welds...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0048751
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... of an incorrect electrode for the root pass as these electrodes are crack sensitive if overheated. The weld seam was completely ground out and replaced with the correct electrode material as a corrective measure. Heat exchanger tubes Integranular fracture Weld defects 316 UNS S31600 Joining-related...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0060104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... material was recommended to avoid future failures and loss of service. Chemical processing equipment Chlorides Eddy current testing Evaporators Tubes 316 UNS S31600 Pitting corrosion Stress-corrosion cracking Eddy current inspection was performed on a vertical evaporator unit used...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0091631
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
..., and bending of tubing during installation should be avoided to reduce residual stress. Chlorides Steam condensate Tubing 316 UNS S31600 Transgranular fracture Stress-corrosion cracking A steam-condensate line made of type 316 stainless steel tubing that measured 19 mm (0.75 in.) outside...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c9001650
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... was related to operating pressure or some other unique cause. 316 UNS S31600 Transgranular fracture Stress-corrosion cracking Several air heat exchangers failed in service in a pulp and paper operation. The tubes are made from AISI 316 stainless steel with an extruded aluminum fin mechanically...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0091617
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... equipment Chlorides Piping 316 UNS S31600 Transgranular fracture Stress-corrosion cracking A 680,000 kg (750 ton) per day ammonia unit was shut down following fire near the outlet of the waste heat exchanger. The fire had resulted from leakage of ammonia from the type 316 stainless steel outlet...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001106
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... batch of steel sheet be checked. Disintegration Electric heating elements Holding furnaces Radiant heating Sheaths UNS S31600 316 316S High-temperature corrosion and oxidation Background Three radiant heating element tubes from an aluminum holding furnace failed within 3 months...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... to stagnant water on the shell side. It was recommended that the surfaces not be kept in contacts with closed stagnant water for appreciable lengths of time. Chemical processing equipment Condenser tubes, corrosion Condensers 316 UNS S31600 Pitting corrosion Background Several tubes...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... the heat flux, redesigning the wick, and reducing the oxygen content of the sodium. Engine components Evaporators Fins Solar power generation Space flight Stirling engines 316 UNS S31600 Inconel 600 UNS N06600 Intergranular fracture Intergranular corrosion High-temperature corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0048850
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
..., with associated creep relaxation. Boilers Electric power generation Steam lines Thermal stresses 316 UNS S31600 Thermal fatigue fracture Visual inspection of a type 316 stainless steel main steam line of a major utility boiler system revealed cracks on its outer surface near a hanger lug...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c0048410
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... by the beach marks which indicated the action of asymmetric bending and rotational forces. Loads (forces) Nonmetallic inclusions Slags Surgical implants Torsion 316 UNS S31600 Fatigue fracture A narrow bone plate was used to stabilize an open midshaft femur fracture in an 18 year old patient...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... strength, resulting in ductile rupture. The minimum overheating temperature could be deduced at around 1200 deg F due to the presence of a eutectic observed metallographically within the surface corrosion products. Heaters (tube) Rupturing 316 UNS S31600 High-temperature corrosion and oxidation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... baths, environment Nuclear reactor components Passivation Pickling Pipe fittings Sodium-cooled reactors 316 UNS S31600 Intergranular corrosion Surface treatment related failures Pitting corrosion Background Two stainless steel components fabricated from AISI type 316 stainless steel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001705
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... (windings) Heat exchangers Lead Metal baths Wind tunnels 321 UNS S32100 347 UNS S34700 316 UNS S31600 Intergranular corrosion Intergranular fracture 1. Introduction A hypersonic wind tunnel uses freon gas (CF 4 ) as its working medium. Two lead-bath heat exchangers heat the freon to its...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
..., was recommended to prevent chloride buildup. Painting of the steel surface with an epoxy-phenolic or epoxy-coal tar was also suggested. Chemical processing industry Columns (process) Marine environments 316 UNS S31600 Stress-corrosion cracking Pitting corrosion Background A type 316 stainless...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0047879
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... to be martensitic as the fusion line was approached. The forged steel shaft was concluded to have failed by ductile fracture and possible reasons were discussed. Corrective measures adopted in the replacement shaft were specified. Agitators Chemical reactors Nuts (fasteners) O-ring seals 316 UNS S31600...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...-affected zone (HAZ) Papermaking Pulping Sensitizing Stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) Weld defects Welded joints, corrosion 316 UNS S31600 Intergranular corrosion Intergranular fracture Background A type 316 stainless steel pipe reducer section failed in service of bleached pulp stock...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001604
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... vapor environment. However, failure analysis showed that cavitation erosion was the responsible failure mechanism, not corrosion as might be expected. Cavitation erosion Hardness Microstructure SO2 316 UNS S31600 1006 UNS G10060 Erosive wear Erosion - corrosion Cavitation wear...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0091394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
.... Heat affected zone Piping Pitting Sea water 316L 316 UNS S31600 Pitting corrosion Stagnant seawater can be quite destructive to some alloy systems. An austenitic stainless steel piping used in the fire-sprinkler system in a large saltwater passenger and car ferry failed by rapid leaking...