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UNS S30400

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001048
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract Several type 304L (UNS S30400) stainless steel seamless tubes in a high-pressure synthesis gas cooler condensing ammonia in a fertilizer plant leaked in an unexpectedly short time. Representative samples of the tubes were subjected to chemical analysis, hardness tests, and optical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0051293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... as to select a grade of spring steel that would be more corrosion resistant than 302 stainless. Materials selection Spring steels Springs (elastic) Water feeders 302 UNS S30200 304 UNS S30400 Corrosion fatigue After six months of operating a new chicken house, a farmer noticed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c0048419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... of type 316LR stainless steel and some mechanical fretting and very few corrosion pits were revealed. Type 304 stainless steel was deemed not to be satisfactory as an implant material. Inclusions Surgical implants 304 UNS S30400 Pitting corrosion Figure 1 shows a screw head that exhibits...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0091336
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... on the tube, which was periodically exposed to water. Recommendations included taking steps to prevent water from entering and being trapped in this area of the assembly. Marine environments Palladium oxide Tubes 304 UNS S30400 Crevice corrosion A steel tube meeting type 304 specification...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c0048400
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... by the microstructure. Intercrystalline corrosion with pitted grains was indicated by SEM fractography. Improper heat treatment of the steel was interpreted to have led to intercrystalline corrosion and implant separation. Heat treatment Surgical implants 304 UNS S30400 Intergranular fracture Intergranular...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c0048719
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... UNS S30400 Transgranular fracture Stress-corrosion cracking A tubular heat exchanger in a refinery reformer unit was found to be leaking after 1 month of service. The exchanger contained 167 type 304 stainless steel U-bent integral-finned tubes, 19 mm ( 3 4 in.) in outside diameter...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c9001565
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... resistant to SCC. The candidate materials are commercial grade unalloyed titanium or Inconel 600, which have superior resistance to SCC compared to austenitic stainless steels. Paper machines Piping Weld defects White liquor 304 UNS S30400 Joining-related failures Stress-corrosion cracking...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
..., it was recommended that it be used again. 304 UNS S30400 Corrosion fatigue Stress-corrosion cracking Three separate corrosion mechanisms were involved in the failure of a 6- 1 4 -inch ID, 1 4 -inch wall, AISI type 304 stainless steel pipe elbow. Examination of the inner surface...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0089339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... an acidic environment, have been shown to cause SCC in austenitic stainless steels under tensile stress. Chlorine Couplings Transgranular fracture Water tanks 304 UNS S30400 Stress-corrosion cracking Leakage was identified around a coupling welded into a stainless steel holding tank...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001042
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.../asm.hb.v11.a0003544 Vehicles Leaf springs 304 UNS S30400 Fatigue fracture Abstract Failure occurred in a type 304 stainless steel leaf spring attached to the undercarriage assembly of an airport shuttle train. Failure analysis showed that the fracture was caused by low-cycle...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... that the stainless steel be kept rust free. Cooling systems Marine environments Nuclear reactor components Pipe, corrosion Rusting Water cooling 304 UNS S30400 Stress-corrosion cracking Selected Reference • Warke W. R. , Stress-Corrosion Cracking , Failure Analysis...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... steel is not a suitable material for this application, and materials that resist SCC, such as Inconel, should be considered. Biocide treatment Water chemistry 304 UNS S30400 Stress-corrosion cracking Selected Reference • Warke W. R. , Stress-Corrosion Cracking...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0065826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... a week by transgranular SCC. Annealed type 430 ferritic stainless steel was subsequently suggested to prevent further failures. Basic oxygen furnaces Materials selection Precipitator wires 304 UNS S30400 430 UNS 54300 1008 UNS G10080 Corrosion fatigue Stress-corrosion cracking...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0048361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... was redesigned to alleviate the thermal stress pattern. Design Heat exchanger tubes 304 UNS S30400 Thermal fatigue fracture Several failures occurred in 64-mm (2 1 2 -in.) schedule 80 type 304 stainless steel (ASME SA-312, grade TP304) piping in a steam-plant heat-exchanger system near tee...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c9001627
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
.... Based on these findings, one of the recommendations was to use thicker pads between the sinks to allow any such liquids to dry before causing corrosion damage. Chemical analysis Chlorides Discoloration Kitchen sinks 304 UNS S30400 (Other, miscellaneous, or unspecified) failure A section...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0091528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... the conclusion that the failure was caused by SCC due to stress, sensitization, and environment. Recommendations included replacing all pipe sections and installing them using low-heat-input, multiple-pass welding procedures. Heat affected zone Integranular fracture Piping 304 UNS S30400 Joining...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046476
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... at 900 deg C (1650 deg F) for 2 h and rapidly cooled to minimize residual stresses. Chlorides Fused salt electrolysis Fused salts Potassium Sodium 304 UNS S30400 Intergranular corrosion Intergranular fracture A fused-salt electrolytic-cell pot containing a molten eutectic mixture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0048791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... UNS S30400 Heat treating-related failures Intergranular fracture During a routine maintenance procedure at a power station, dye-penetrant examination revealed linear indications on the outer surface of a cross in a piping system. The cross was specified as SA403 type WP 304 stainless steel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Repair welding Sensitizing Storage tanks, corrosion Weld defects Welded joints 304 UNS S30400 Stress-corrosion cracking Intergranular corrosion Selected Reference • Warke W. R. , Stress-Corrosion Cracking , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... Engine components Propulsion systems Space flight Wire mesh 304 UNS S30400 Fatigue fracture Selected Reference • Fatigue Failures , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 700 – 727 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003544...