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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... that evidence of mechanical damage has been lost because of subsequent erosion. Transit fatigue can be prevented by following good loading and shipping practices. API 5LW [ 3 ] addresses recommended practice for Transportation of Line Pipe on Barges and Marine Vessels, and API 5L1 [ 4 ] addresses...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001347
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... developing the data presented in the case and reported here is gratefully acknowledged. The transportation of fluid products via railroad tank cars provides an important link in the transportation of raw and finished goods for industry, government and the consumer. Because of the large quantities of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... sintering and the evolution of delamination cracks, both of which affect heat transport through the coating. By invoking the relevant mechanics, the likely incidence of delamination at the two primary locations (just above the bond coat and at the base of the CMAS-penetrated layer) was evaluated and shown...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001602
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Ocean operates on #2 diesel fuel transported by tanker ship. Turbine bucket failures occurred in three different units of the power plant after 2500 to 6400 h of operation. The buckets suffered tip shroud fracture, illustrated in Fig. 1 . Details of the fracture zone from the concave side of the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... prevent recurrence? Conversely, failures can also lead to improvements in engineering practices. The spectacular failures of the Liberty ships during World War II were studied extensively in subsequent decades, and the outcome of these efforts was a significantly more thorough understanding of the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... common uses for anodic protection include storage tanks, process reactors, heat exchangers, and transportation vessels. Anodic protection has been successfully employed in sulfuric acid environments to extend tank life. Inhibitors are defined as a chemical substance or combination of substances that...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... formation of copper concentration cells under biofilms, the transport of metal ions away from the corroding surface, and variations in potential on the underlying surface ( Ref 19 ). Incorporation of EPS into the oxide surface film that normally protects copper and its alloys from corrosive attack is a key...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... excess of 10 −12 m 2 /N. (This could be considered in the model, assuming Φ values greater than 1.) The solid-particle erosion process occurs when hard particles, transported by a fluid, hit a softer surface. Failures are by abrasive wear, and the parameters listed in Table 5 also play an...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... should be shipped to a laboratory facility for examination and testing as soon as possible after collection. In addition to the samples collected for the laboratory examination and testing, information and data related to the service conditions of the component should also be requested and collected...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... maximum alternating stress in the fan shaft is typically ±52 MPa (7.5 ksi). Before shipping, shaft forgings are subjected to various types of nondestructive inspections to reveal inclusions and forging bursts or other defects. Fracture mechanics fatigue crack-propagation analysis can be used to evaluate...