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Transition joints

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001588
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... was increased to 8,260 tph. Under this total loading, which was only slightly above the regular operating condition, a poorly designed and fabricated transition joint in the west lower chord failed, thereby overloading other key structural members and causing the entire truss to collapse. Another contributing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001234
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
...Abstract Abstract In a copper hot water system, a bent pipe was soldered into a straight pipe with twice the diameter. The neighborhood of the soldered joint was covered with corrosion product predominantly blue-green in color, presumably carbonates. When these corrosion products were scratched...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... It was recommended that the design be modified to avoid dissimilar metal combinations of high corrosion potential. Airplanes Steels Transition joints 7014 UNS A97014 Stress-corrosion cracking Background Visual Examination of General Physical Features Testing Procedure and Results Discussion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... fasteners and appropriately-applied and treated compatible coatings. Brittle fracture Castings Diffusers Galvanic corrosion Transition joints 356.0 UNS A03560 Hydrogen damage and embrittlement Galvanic corrosion Background Visual Examination of General Physical Features Testing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Transition joints Weld defects Welded joints UNS S31000 UNS S40500 UNS N06600 310 COR-TEN 405 Inconel 600 Joining-related failures Fatigue fracture Background Visual Examination of General Physical Features Testing Procedure and Results Conclusion Acknowledgments References...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0089752
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... rolled from fully killed ingots. Aqueducts Ductile brittle transition Fillet welds Joint design Piping Preheating Stress concentration Welding defects ASTM A572 grade 42 Type 2 Brittle fracture Joining-related failures A 208 cm (82 in.) ID steel aqueduct fractured circumferentially...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0047512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... of the incomplete welds. Continuation of the cracks was attributed to the brittle condition of the steel when cooled by the night air. A steel with a much lower ductile-to-brittle transition temperature is essential for this type of structure. Other necessary steps include better control of the girth-welding...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001534
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... was poorly designed, with the tapered transition provided at the joint between sections of differing thickness (3 mm) falling well short of the minimum specified limit of 15 mm ( Ref 8 ). Inadequate taper at the weld joint would have resulted in stress concentration at the weld. Fractographic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... articulated buses put into service by a large municipal transit agency were conducted. According to data provided by the transit agency, they experienced 14 failures in their fleet of 40 buses. When a drive shaft failed, it was replaced immediately and the bus put back into service. After the 11th drive shaft...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001176
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract A backwell tube situated in the combustion chamber of a 100 atm boiler, which had been in service for many years, failed. The temperature of the saturated steam was about 300 deg C. Two pipe sections with attacked areas in the circumferential welding joint were examined...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001515
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... of a similar occurrence for all other CANDU reactors. The fuel channels of CANDU reactors consist of a pressure tube (about 6 m long, 103 mm inside diameter and 4 mm wall thickness) made of Zr-2.5Nb, attached to the heattransport system by a mechanical joint with a 403 stainless steel end fitting...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001208
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... of the rod directly next to the weld bead. Investigation showed that the fracture of the superheated steam push rod spindle was caused by hardening and hardening crack formation in the weld seams and adjoining areas. It would have been preferable to avoid welding near the cross sectional transitions...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001152
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract Thermal and transformation stresses, resulting from welding, adding up with operational stresses can result in failure. Examples involving the crankshaft of a shaft-drive to produce artificial waves in a swimming pool, the joint bar of a dredger cast out of a running non...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... was oriented vertically (parallel to the longitudinal seam and perpendicular to the circumferential seam). Inspection upon reconstruction of the tank only included new weld seams; therefore, this joint was not included in those inspections. Fig. 4 Location of initiation point of Ashland Oil tank brittle...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0091362
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
...) supported the conclusion that failure of the nozzle weld was the result of intergranular corrosion caused by the pickup of interstitial elements and subsequent precipitation of chromium carbides and nitrides. Carbon pickup was believed to have been caused by inadequate joint cleaning prior to welding...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... pipe had become coarse-grained and acicular, and the microstructure of the welding seam had become predominantly martensitic as a result of the mixing of the weld metal with the fused pipe material. The chrome steel pipe had become partially transformed to martensite or bainite at the transition...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001124
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... transition from a service crack (arrow) to the ductile shear dimples of the tensile test. The unfavorable orientation of the elongated grains at the wire joints probably caused the failure. Orientation of the elongated grains transverse to the wire axes likely led to intergranular corrosion, which...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... in the joint area, a possible stress raiser at the intersection of the spiral weld and girth weld, and sudden impact loading, probably due to water hammer. Use of a semi- or fully killed steel with a minimum Charpy V-notch impact value of 20 J (15 ft·lbf) at 0 deg C (32 deg F) was recommended for future water...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... sides along the welds. The cleaved fractures in the burned notches propagated partially above and partially below several incipient cracks which may have been fatigue fractures. Metallographic sections showed that the fractures had occurred either at the burned notches near the transition from the weld...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Schematic of defects and discontinuities in welded joints Fig. 4 Weld discontinuities affecting weld shape and contour. (a) Undercut and overlap in a fillet weld. (b) Undercut and overlap in a groove weld. (c) and (d) Underfill in groove welds Fig. 5 Identification of cracks according...