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Transgranular fracture

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., transgranular fracture Little distortion evident Intergranular or transgranular May relate to notches at surface or brittle phases internally Progressive zone: usually transgranular with little apparent distortion Overload zone: may be either ductile or brittle General or localized...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001377
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... as the operating transgranular fracture failure mechanism. Water containing H7S was subsequently identified as the aggressive environment that precipitated the fractures in the presence of high tensile stress. This environment was generated by the chemical breakdown of the engine oil additive and moisture ingress...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0046505
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... of the contact area was by ductile (transgranular) fracture. Recommendations included changing the latch material from malleable iron to silicon bronze (C87300). The use of silicon bronze prevents corrosion or galvanic attack and proper adjustment of the latch maintains an adequate contact area. Control...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0048782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
.... Transgranular fracture with occasional secondary branching was revealed. It was interpreted by stress analysis that a small amount of misalignment added to lack of penetration increased the stresses to near the tensile strength of the material. The failure was judged to be a short-cycle high-stress notch...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... Transgranular fracture The cover of a feed cock fitted to an Economic Boiler suddenly blew off and the plug lifted sufficiently to permit the escape of water. An electrician working in the boiler-house sustained personal injury in endeavouring to avoid escaping water and steam. On examination...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c0048719
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... UNS S30400 Transgranular fracture Stress-corrosion cracking A tubular heat exchanger in a refinery reformer unit was found to be leaking after 1 month of service. The exchanger contained 167 type 304 stainless steel U-bent integral-finned tubes, 19 mm ( 3 4 in.) in outside diameter...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001686
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
.... The cracking was confined to the inner diameter of the vaporizer coil at positions from 4:00 to 7:00. The cracking was characterized as transgranular and the fracture surface had beach marks. The failure mechanism was thermal fatigue. The heat transfer calculation predicted that dryout of the coil would occur...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001098
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... locations were identified—three at the head-to-shank fillet, four at the eighth thread root from the cap, and one at the sixth thread root from the cap. Fracture surfaces were examined using a stereomicroscope and SEM, and the fracture mode was shown to be transgranular. EDS on the fracture surfaces showed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0048795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
.... It was recommended that normalizing and tempering temperatures be modified and a revised forging practice explored. Heat affected zone Pressure vessels Residual stress Stress relieving Mn-Cr-Mo-V steel Transgranular fracture Joining-related failures A large pressure vessel ( Fig. 1a ) designed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001310
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... cracking, corrosion under deposit (pitting and crevice), and dezincification. Fractures were transgranular and typical of stress-corrosion cracking. The primary cause of the corrosion deposit was low-flow conditions in those parts of the condenser where failure occurred. Maintenance of proper flow...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... a transgranular mode with cleavage and ductile, dimpled shear. Hardness values as high as 35 HRC were measured in the bend area. The as-galvanized bolts fractured in a brittle manner. Failure was attributed to improper bending of the bolts, which provided a severely cold-worked bend area susceptible to strain-age...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001372
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... showed that the fracture was brittle and was initiated by an intergranular cracking mechanism. The mode of fracture outside the crack initiation zone was transgranular cleavage. No indication of fatigue was found. The failure was attributed to improper heat treatment during manufacture, which resulted...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c0048728
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... Corrosion fatigue Transgranular fracture Two admiralty brass heat-exchanger tubes from a cooler in a refinery catalytic reforming unit were sent to the laboratory for analysis. The tubes had been in service approximately 10 years and had cracked circumferentially in the area of U-bends in the tubes...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003542
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... with vertical illumination, because origin cracks are often fairly flat and highly reflective, especially when transgranular fracture is present (see the section “Transgranular Fracture” for a further discussion). Fig. 5 Silicon nitride rod broken in uniaxial tension. Fracture origin is at the top...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... from a material immune to stress-corrosion cracking or to use interchangeable linings of such a material. A nickel alloy could be considered. Autoclaves Explosions Pressure vessels X8CrNiMoVNb 16 13 K Transgranular fracture Stress-corrosion cracking The damaged forged pressure vessel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c9001564
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... Paper machines 316 UNS S31600 Stress-corrosion cracking Transgranular fracture An 8-inch diameter stainless steel black liquor feed pipe to a carbon steel digester had failed within 1 year of service. The material was type 316 molybdenum containing austenitic stainless steel. The service...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0045988
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Grain size Hardness 410 UNS S41000 Heat treating-related failures Transgranular fracture Brittle fracture The clamp-strap assembly shown in Fig. 1 , which was used for securing the caging mechanism on a star-tracking telescope, fractured during installation. In installation, the clamp ends...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0090971
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
.... No recommendations were made. Adapters Inclusions Snowthrowers ZA-27 UNS Z35840 Brittle fracture Transgranular fracture A die-cast zinc adapter used in a snowthrower application failed catastrophically in a brittle overload manner. The mechanical properties and alloy designation were not specified...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... observed at some places, but the primarily mode of fracture was transgranular. ASTM grain size number was about 4.5 in the BM. Figure 5(f) and (g) shows the typical sensitized microstructure with Cr-rich carbide (generally Cr 23 C 6 ) precipitation at the grain boundaries and within the grains during...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0089339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... an acidic environment, have been shown to cause SCC in austenitic stainless steels under tensile stress. Chlorine Couplings Transgranular fracture Water tanks 304 UNS S30400 Stress-corrosion cracking Leakage was identified around a coupling welded into a stainless steel holding tank...