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Torsional fatigue

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0091096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... the conclusion that the basic failure mechanism was fracture by torsional fatigue, which started at numerous surface shear cracks, both longitudinal and transverse, that developed in the periphery of the root of the shear groove. These shear cracks resulted from high peak loads caused by chatter. The shear...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001495
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... and thus met material specification. The failure was a result of torsional fatigue in the tensile plane, originating from one of several gouges around the splined radius of the shaft. The fatigue crack progressed for a large number of cycles before final fracture. The shaft met metallurgical requirements...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001468
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... Abstract In a shaft subjected to reversed torsional stresses, failure resulted from the gradual development of fatigue cracks from opposite sides of the shaft. These broke out from origins located adjacent to the fillets at the start of the square section. The remaining uncracked material which...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... microscopy (SEM) examination Fig. 5 Fracture surface of failed drive shaft, Item 6, used for detailed optical and SEM examination. Note ratchet marks around perimeter of fracture surface, indicating multiple fatigue initiation sites. Fig. 6 Location where inspection of the fracture...
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 4340 steel rotor shaft that failed by torsional fatigue. (a) Shear groove designed to protect gear mechanism from sudden overload. Dimensions are in inches. (b) Star-shaped pattern on a fracture surface of the shaft. (c) Longitudinal and transverse shear cracks on the surface More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Failure of this axle shaft resulted from torsional fatigue in the tensile plane, originating from one of several gouge marks observed around the shaft at the splined radius. The fatigue crack progressed for a large number of cycles before final fracture. More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Torsional fatigue failure of a luffing shaft. More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001230
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... in comparatively short journal pins at high stresses. This crankshaft fracture was an example of the damage that is caused or promoted neither by material nor heat treatment mistakes nor by defects of design or machining, but solely by overstressing. Crankshafts Induction hardening Torsional fatigue...
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 8 Torsion fatigue fractures under bearing surface (fracture origin designated by arrows). 10× More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 9 Torsion fatigue fractures in fracture end. 10× More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001244
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... fractures. The fracture probably was induced by the pressing-in or abrading of the sharp steel band edges into the surface of the cross bars. Torsion fatigue fractures may have started from these notches. Relaxation then contributed positively through recovery and recrystallization. Such damage occurs less...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... to a state of internal stress which favored fracture of the spring. Shot blasting Torsional fatigue Valve springs Spring steel Surface treatment related failures Fatigue fracture The fatigue strength of parts which are subjected to reverse bending or torsional stresses can be considerably...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... at three separate points around the periphery of the shaft, each associated with one of three keyways. SEM fractography, metallography, and chemical analysis indicated that the mechanism of fracture initiation was torsional fatigue. Intermittent deceleration and acceleration resulting from power surges...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... investigation and corrective action. Fatigue failures in shafts, such as bending fatigue, torsional fatigue, contact fatigue, and axial fatigue, are reviewed. The article provides information on the brittle fracture, ductile fracture, distortion, and corrosion of shafts. Abrasive wear and adhesive wear of metal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
..., the article describes the background information about the shaft used for examination. Then, it focuses on various failures in shafts, namely bending fatigue, torsional fatigue, axial fatigue, contact fatigue, wear, brittle fracture, and ductile fracture. Further, the article discusses the effects...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001192
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... or torsion fatigue stresses could have been increased substantially by including the fillet in the case hardening process. Bending fatigue Crankshafts 34Cr 4 Fatigue fracture The fracture cause had to be determined in a three-cylinder crankshaft made of chrome steel 34 Cr 4 (Material No. 1.7033...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001430
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... torsional fatigue. A second shaft carried as spare gear was fitted and failure took place in a similar manner in about the same period of time. Examination revealed that the tapered portion of the Fe-0.6C carbon steel shaft had been built up by welding prior to final machining. A detailed check...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001418
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... the bearing material. The defect was stoned smooth, a new bearing fitted, and the engine returned to service. The engine performed satisfactorily for a further twelve months until fracture of the crankshaft through the No. 5 crank pin supervened. The fracture revealed a complex torsional fatigue failure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001368
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... of subsurface flaws. Concentric markings around flaws indicate that crack propagation occurred by torsional fatigue. 0.63× Fig. 4 Subsurface flaw near ridges. (a) Subsurface flaw and fatigue crack. 2×. (b) Ridges separating the fatigue crack from the subsurface flaw. 11.56×. (c) Fracture surface...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c0047840
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... by metallographic examination. A microstructure of fine tempered martensite containing some carbide particles was exhibited by the core material away from the hole. Brittle fracture characteristics with beach marks were exhibited by the fracture surfaces which is characteristic of a torsional fatigue fracture...