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Thermal fatigue fracture

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0046972
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Thermal fatigue fracture High-temperature corrosion and oxidation During disassembly of an engine that was to be modified, a fractured turbine blade was found. When the fracture was examined at low magnification, it was observed that a fatigue fracture had originated on the concave side...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... of rolled and welded COR-TEN steel plate butt welded together on site. The pipe sustained local buckling and cracking, then fractured during the first five months of operation. Failure was due to low cycle fatigue and fast fracture caused by differential thermal expansion stresses. Thermal lag between...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... brake. It was recommended that the brake system on the car be examined and replaced if necessary. Brake shoes Brakes Railroad wheels Railroads ASTM A504 Thermal fatigue fracture Background A railway car wheel failed during service, causing derailment. The wheel was completely...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0046966
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... UNS R30031 Stellite 31 UNS R30031 Thermal fatigue fracture A turbine vane made of cast cobalt-base alloy AMS 5382 (Stellite 31; composition: Co-25.5Cr-10.5Ni-7.5W) was returned from service after an undetermined number of service hours because of crack indications on the airfoil sections...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001110
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... the temperature fluctuations of the inner surface. Electric power generation Fatigue failure Steam turbines Turbogenerators 321 UNS S32100 Thermal fatigue fracture Background A stainless steel tube in a power-generating turbine failed after 19,000 h in service. Applications The 44.5 mm...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... of creep was not operative throughout the life of the equipment. Outlet tubes Overheating Oxidation Superheaters 2.25Cr-1Mo Creep fracture/stress rupture Thermal fatigue fracture After some 87,000 h of operation, failure took place in the bend of a steam pipe connecting a coil of the third...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001737
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
..., the material being AISI 321 stainless steel. The purpose of the present study was to determine optimum repair welding procedures on the premise that the material was basically sound and undamaged by creep. The cracking was the result of thermal fatigue, and such cracks can propagate at elevated temperature...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001056
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...” conditions using fracture mechanics and thermal fatigue simulation tests. Failure analysis indicated that cracking had been initiated by thermal fatigue. Data from the analysis were used in making the leak-before-break predictions. It was determined that the cracks could grow to two-thirds...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... by corrosion deposits at their tips. The failure suggests control of dissolved solids in the boiler feedwater may have been inadequate. Boilers Corrosion products Superheater headers 2.25Cr-1Mo Thermal fatigue fracture Corrosion fatigue Examination of the header of the third superheater...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
..., whereas the opposite side exhibited a planar-type fracture. Sections were removed from the eroded area and from the opposite lip for microscopic studies and chemical analysis. The eroded edges exhibited river bed ditching, indicative of thermal fatigue. Microstructural analysis showed massive carbide...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0048361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... was redesigned to alleviate the thermal stress pattern. Design Heat exchanger tubes 304 UNS S30400 Thermal fatigue fracture Several failures occurred in 64-mm (2 1 2 -in.) schedule 80 type 304 stainless steel (ASME SA-312, grade TP304) piping in a steam-plant heat-exchanger system near tee...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c9001574
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... was a clear indication of high temperature exposure (due to insufficient cooling) during application. The most probable cause of failure was thermal fatigue. Grain boundaries Precipitation Punches WR-95 Chromium nitride coating Thermal fatigue fracture Background The CrN coated restrike...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0048850
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
..., with associated creep relaxation. Boilers Electric power generation Steam lines Thermal stresses 316 UNS S31600 Thermal fatigue fracture Visual inspection of a type 316 stainless steel main steam line of a major utility boiler system revealed cracks on its outer surface near a hanger lug...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0047343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... similar to ASTM A395. Visual examination of the rotor revealed unusually heavy oxidation and thermal fatigue cracking along the edge of the gas passage. Material properties, including microstructure, composition, and hardness, of both the rotor and housing were evaluated to determine the cause of failure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001392
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... thermal conditions may well have been experienced intermittently in service. Boiler tubes Leakage Rings Thermal stresses Steel Thermal fatigue fracture Following leakage which developed within the furnace of a horizontal multi-tubular type boiler, examination revealed a series of cracks...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001686
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
.... The cracking was confined to the inner diameter of the vaporizer coil at positions from 4:00 to 7:00. The cracking was characterized as transgranular and the fracture surface had beach marks. The failure mechanism was thermal fatigue. The heat transfer calculation predicted that dryout of the coil would occur...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001852
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
....a0003546 • Sehitoglu H. , Thermal and Thermomechanical Fatigue of Structural Alloys , Fatigue and Fracture , Vol 19 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1996 , p 527 – 556 . 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002391 Introduction Experiment Monotonic Tests Fracture Surface Cyclic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001346
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... of the fatigue cracks. Hydrocracker charge heater Steam superheating coils Incoloy 800 UNS N08800 Thermal fatigue fracture Background Several tubes of the steam superheating (SSH) coils of two hydrocracker (HCR) charge heater units in a refinery failed prematurely in service. The tubes were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... problems. The temperature in much of the piston was high enough to cause softening by overaging, lowering strength. Automotive engines Overheating Pistons Softening 357 UNS A03570 Thermal fatigue fracture Mixed-mode fracture High-temperature corrosion and oxidation The sustained high...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... high local stress. The study indicates that standard metallographic procedures can be used to identify failure modes in high temperature petrochemical plants. Creep (materials) Petrochemical plants Reformer tubes Incoloy 800H UNS N08810 Thermal fatigue fracture Tubing operating at high...