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Tank cars

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c0089716
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... Abstract A railway tank car developed a fracture in the region of the sill and shell attachment during operation at -34 deg C (-30 deg F). On either side of the sill-support member, cracking initiated at the weld between a 6.4 mm thick frontal cover plate and a 1.6 mm thick side support plate...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001347
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract A 127 cu m (4,480 cu ft) pressurized railroad tank car burst catastrophically. The railroad tank was approximately 18 m (59 ft) long (from 2:1 elliptical heads), 3 m (10 ft) in OD, and 16 mm (0.63 in.) thick. The chemical and material properties of the tank were to comply with AAR M...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001514
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... upwards along with the floor pan to which it was attached. This caused slack in the seat belt itself which in turn almost certainly resulted in aggravation of the very severe injuries to the driver. The tank of a fuel delivery truck broke away from the chassis when the truck rolled over after an...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003519
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to dump in the quench pit. However, during the hot summer months, the engineers had to calculate how much ice to bring in to dump in the quench tank. It became apparent that their calculations were not correct. This case is a perfect example of when geographic location and time of year are important...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of corrosion protection that is often used for the protection of underground or underwater steel structures. The use of cathodic protection for long-term corrosion prevention for structural steels, underground pipelines, oil and gasoline tanks, offshore drilling rigs, well-head structures, steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006755
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... cooling the large forgings to below 15.5 °C (60 °F) during the quench cycle in the winter months, when there was an abundance of snow outside to dump in the quench pit. However, during the hot summer months, the engineers had to calculate how much ice to bring in to dump in the quench tank. It became...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c9001578
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... head curve. It was discovered that most of the time the pump was operating at its shutoff head. The system was examined based on this observation. The pump in question pumped water from a tank located in the basement to another tank that was seven stories above ground level. The tank on the upper...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... life, and damage to property. For example, a molasses tank failed in Boston in 1919, and another molasses tank failed in Bellview, New Jersey, in 1973 ( Ref 3 ). Were the causes identified in 1919? Were lessons learned as a result of the accident? Were corrective actions developed and implemented to...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of wire-rope failure. The corrosive atmospheres in which wire ropes operate are created by blast furnaces, cleaning tanks, plating tanks, and exposure to outdoor elements. Figure 5 shows corrosion failure of a steel wire rope that operated partially underwater. Fig. 5 Steel wire rope with...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... example, a molasses tank failed in Boston in 1919, and another molasses tank failed in Bellview, NJ, in 1973 ( Ref 2 ). Were the causes identified in 1919? Were lessons learned as a result of the accident? Were corrective actions developed and implemented to prevent recurrence? Conversely, failures...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... (such as low-level alarms in tanks, which may appear some time after the feed pump of the tank has failed), this information can indicate how long the effects of the failure are likely to have been developing without an opportunity for intervention. It also includes anything the failure does that...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the beginning of this article. Another example subsequently follows. A railway tank car developed a fracture in the region of the sill and shell attachment during operation at −34 °C (−30 °F). On either side of the sill-support member, cracking initiated at the weld between a 6.4 mm ( 1 4...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... prevention for structural steels, underground pipelines, oil and gasoline tanks, offshore drilling rigs, well-head structures, steel piling, piers, bulkheads, offshore pipelines, gathering systems, drilling barges, and other underground and underwater structures is a fairly standard procedure. Magnesium...