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Sulfuric acid

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001066
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract A flanged 100 mm (4 in.) diam low-carbon steel spool piece lined with Teflon was removed from a sulfuric acid denitrification system after cracks were observed in the painted coating. Visual and microstructural examination along with SEM fractography revealed scaled iron oxides on all...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract A gray cast iron (ASTM 247 type A) gate valve in an oleum and sulfuric acid piping loop at a chemical process plant fractured catastrophically after approximately 10 years of service. The valve was a 150 mm (6 in.) bolted flange type rated to conform to ANSI B16.1 for service at 1034...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001345
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... susceptibility to sulfur-induced SCC. Because SCC requires water to be present, cracking most likely occurred during downtime or startups. To prevent future failures, the boiler should be kept dry during downtime to avoid formation of sulfur acids, and the swaged sections of the tubes should be heat treated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001901
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... Abstract Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were used to analyze an automotive polyoxymethylene (POM) sensor housing that was depolymerizing during service. It was found that a combination of heat, oxygen, and sulfuric acid attacked and caused premature...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001070
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... of the borderline passivity of type 316L in hot dilute sulfuric acid (about 0.1%). Inaccuracy of the testing was attributed to the presence of cupric ions in the lead-lined vessel fluids, which had been released by corrosion of the copper coils. Careful control of both temperature and pH was recommended to reduce...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0091674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... hinge brackets in service for cracks and for proper maintenance of paint. Also suggested was replacing the aluminum alloy 2015-T6 with alloy 7075-T6, and surface treatment for the 7075-T6 brackets was recommended using sulfuric acid anodizing and dichromate sealing. Finally, it was also recommended...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0091678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... on the lug were evidence that the surface protection of the part had been inadequate as manufactured or had been damaged in service and not properly repaired in routine maintenance. Recommendations included anodizing the lug and barrel in sulfuric acid and giving them a dichromate sealing treatment, followed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001454
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... Abstract The interior of a cylindrical tank used for the road transport of concentrated sulfuric acid revealed severe blistering of the plates, mainly over the crown and more particularly on the first ring. The tank, made in 1958, was of welded construction, the material being mild steel plate...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001662
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... Abstract A steam heated exchanger was designed for concentrating sulfuric acid. Tantalum was selected for the tubing and the tube sheet liner because of its outstanding corrosion resistance. However, although the exchanger passed a searching shop inspection, it leaked during site testing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract A 1-in. diam pump spindle fractured within the length covered by the boss of the impeller which was attached to the spindle by means of an axial screw. The pump had been in use in a chemical plant handling mixtures of organic liquids and dilute sulfuric acid having a pH value of 2 to 4...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001609
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... of its resistance to chloride and sulfuric acid dewpoint corrosion under conditions potentially present in the HRSG low-pressure feedwater economizer. Intergranular corrosion and cracking were found in the weld metal and heat-affected zones. The hardness in these regions was up to 35 HRC, and the weld...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047912
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... the buildup of sulfur compounds or bearing halves that have corrosion-resistant overlay materials were recommended as best solutions. Connecting rods Gasoline engines Lubrication oils Sulfuric acid SAE 485 Pitting corrosion A connecting-rod shell bearing from a six-cylinder gasoline engine...
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Published: 01 December 1993
Fig. 3 Section showing fine eutectic and platelet structure. Etched in 20% sulfuric acid at 70 °C (160 °F). 152.5×. More
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Published: 01 December 1993
Fig. 4 Section through fracture showing influence of platelike constituent. Etched in 20% sulfuric acid at 70 °C (160 °F). 235×. More
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Published: 01 December 1993
Fig. 2 Section showing comparatively coarse eutectic structure and (dark) platelike constituent. Etched in 20% sulfuric acid at 70 °C (160 °F). 152.5×. More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 4 Metallographic cross section through gas turbine blade. Note differences in etched structure near surfaces. Etch: electrolytic, 20% sulfuric acid in methanol. 28× More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 5 Gamma prime structures from blade shown in Fig. 4 as viewed in the SEM. Note presence of coarse (primary) gamma prime particles in blade root midwall (a), which are lacking in the denuded zone of the trailing edge (b). Etch: electrolytic, 20% sulfuric acid in methanol. More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0090181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
..., 20% sulfuric acid in methanol. 28× Fig. 5 Gamma prime structures from blade shown in Fig. 4 as viewed in the SEM. Note presence of coarse (primary) gamma prime particles in blade root midwall (a), which are lacking in the denuded zone of the trailing edge (b). Etch: electrolytic, 20...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0006402
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... are machined on the flat side, oiled, deburred, hot formed, cleaned, penetrant inspected, covered with oil, and then shotpeened. They are then recoated with oil, shipped to a second vendor, handwiped with a solvent, alkaline cleaned, acid desmutted, sulfuric acid anodized, and hot water sealed. Investigation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... in the fineness of the silicon eutectic were apparent (see Fig. 2 and 3 ), presumably as a result of various chilling rates. Fig. 2 Section showing comparatively coarse eutectic structure and (dark) platelike constituent. Etched in 20% sulfuric acid at 70 °C (160 °F). 152.5×. Fig. 3 Section...