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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... cladding was unaffected. The TGSCC was attributed to high, locked-in residual stresses from the cladding process. It was recommended that the bottom cone replacement segment be stress relieved prior to installation. Claddings, corrosion Pulping Sulfites, environment Transgranular corrosion 317L...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001313
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
..., be used. Admiralty metal Ammonia, environment Cooling systems Heat exchanger tubes, corrosion Hydroelectric power generation C44300 UNS C44300 Pitting corrosion Stress-corrosion cracking Background A brass finned tube in a generator air cooler unit failed. Applications...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001281
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... A cooling tower was reportedly located near the turbine. Analysis of the cooling tower water showed that it contained calcium carbonate, sulfates, sulfites, and chlorides. Discussion Alloy surfaces exposed to high temperatures and gas environments can become coated with foreign deposits (sulfates...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001083
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... not significantly reduce the hardness of the material. Discussion Copper alloy C83600 is commonly used for water pump impellers as well as housings, as it is typically corrosion resistant in water. However, all copper alloys are susceptible to sulfide attack, and use in such an environment should be avoided...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in connection with failure by mechanical-environmental processes is the combined effect of stress raisers and environment. Stress Concentrations Stress concentrations are frequently introduced in service by damage from accidental mechanical impact or local electrical arcing. Stress raisers or notches...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of environmentally induced cracking, this article deals only with SCC of metallic components. It begins by presenting terminology and background of SCC. Then, the general characteristics of SCC and the development of conditions for SCC as well as the stages of SCC are covered. The article provides a brief overview...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., pressure, salinity, and pH. In the 1950s, pioneering work by Zobell isolated sulfate-reducing bacteria that grew at 104 °C (219 °F) and pressures of 10 MPa (1450 psi) from oil-bearing geological formations deep underground. Microbial communities exist in environments as diverse as subzero snowfields...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., uniform corrosion, pitting and crevice corrosion, intergranular corrosion, and velocity-affected corrosion. The article contains a table that lists combinations of alloys and environments subjected to selective leaching and the elements removed by leaching. corrosion crevice corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...Abstract Abstract Corrosion is the electrochemical reaction of a material and its environment. This article addresses those forms of corrosion that contribute directly to the failure of metal parts or that render them susceptible to failure by some other mechanism. Various forms of corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... configuration. A number of solutions involving material selection and impeller redesign were recommended. Castings Chlorides, environment Propellers Repair welding Vibratory stresses 304L UNS S30403 Stress-corrosion cracking Fatigue fracture Background Several large-diameter impeller...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in Steam Equipment Boilers and other types of steam-power-plant equipment are subject to a wide variety of failures involving one or more of several mechanisms. Most prominent among these mechanisms are corrosion, including pitting and erosion; mechanical-environment processes, including stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...–1155 40.0–42.5 Advanced ultra-supercritical >30 >4.4 >700 >1290 42.5–47.0 Increase in plant efficiency through improved Rankine cycle not only results in lower coal consumption but also in reduced emissions of CO 2 and environmentally nonfriendly gases such as NO x , SO...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... important to determine what was manufactured, delivered, and installed, and to find if it agrees with the drawings. It is then necessary to ascertain what happened to the component before and at the time of failure (history, performance, environment, and so on). The evidence and investigation should lead...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of failure (history, performance, environment, etc.). The evidence and investigation should lead to determination of the cause of the failure in terms of faulty design or materials selection, faulty material or processing, and/or service conditions. To determine the true cause of failure, the investigator...