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Structural steel

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001611
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... Abstract Cold cracking of structural steel weldments is a well-documented failure mechanism, and extensive work has been done to recognize welding and materials selection parameters associated with it. These efforts, however, have not fully eliminated the occurrence of such failures...
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Failure of a structural steel bolt in the rail assembly of an overhead crane. (a) Illustration of the crane rails and attendant support beams. (b) Shank portion of the failed bolt. (c) Fracture surface of the bolt showing evidence of reversed-bending fatigue More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 2 Picral-etched specimen of structural steel that was exposed to contaminated agricultural ammonia showing nonbranched stress-corrosion cracks. 75× More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0046155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... to the member ( Fig. 1 ). At failure, the part was receiving the second set of loads up to 103.6% of design load. The post was made of D-6ac steel and was heat treated to a tensile strength of 1517 to 1655 MPa (220 to 240 ksi). Fig. 1 Structural member (post) of D-6ac steel that failed by fatigue...
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Structural member (post) of D-6ac steel that failed by fatigue cracking. The cracking was initiated by rubbing and galling from a mating carry-through box that was bolted to the post. More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0047113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... Abstract A portion of a 19 mm (0.75 in.) diam structural steel bolt was found on the floor of a manufacturing shop. This shop contained an overhead crane system that ran on rails supported by girders and columns. Inspection of the crane system revealed that the bolt had come from a joint...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001208
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Abstract A spindle made of hardenable 13% chromium steel X40 Cr13 (Material No. 1.4034) that was fastened to a superheated steam push rod made of high temperature structural steel 13Cr-Mo44 (Material No. 1.7335) by means of a convex fillet weld, fractured at the first operation of the rod...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001094
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract Cadmium-coated type 410 martensitic stainless steel 1 4 -14 self-drilling tapping screws fractured during retorquing tests within a few weeks after installation. The screws were used to assemble structural steel frames for granite panels that formed the outer skin of a high...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... Standard Specification for Structural Bolts, Steel, Heat Treated, 120/105 ksi Minimum Tensile Strength . ASTM International , West Conshohocken ( 2011 ) 12. AISC S342. Load and Resistance Factor Design Specification for Structural Steel Buildings . American Institute of Steel Construction...
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 6 X20CrMoV12-1 steel, globulization of the original structure. More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 7 X20CrMoV12-1 steel, structure of a new pipe. More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 2 a). Edge structure of a steel with 0.73% C after 4 h annealing in wet hydrogen of 1 atm pressure, etched in picral, 100 ×. 700° C. b) Edge structure of a steel with 0.73% C after 4 h annealing in wet hydrogen of 1 atm pressure, etched in picral, 100 ×. 800° C. c) Edge structure More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 4 Edge structure of a spring washer of silicon steel, broken ahead of time in a fatigue test. Cross section, etched in nital. 100 × More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 10 a). Change in structure by hydrogen attack, etched in nital. 200 ×. Steel with 0,45% C. a). Initial state. b). Change in structure by hydrogen attack, etched in nital. 200 ×. Steel with 0,45% C. 10.0 h, 400°C, 300 atü H 2 . c). Change in structure by hydrogen attack, etched in nital More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 2 Coarse bainitic structure of steel in condition as received, etched with Nital. 200 × More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 3 Structure of the steel after the heat treatment (tempered martensite), etched with Nital. 200 × More
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Published: 01 December 1992
Fig. 7 Dendritric structures. (a) Steel F with 0.03% Mo. Mold thickness: 30 mm (1.2 in.). (b) Steel E, with 0.03% Mo. Mold thickness: 200 mm (8 in.). Dendritic structures. (c) Steel H, with 0.26% Mo. Moid thickness: 30 mm (1.2 in.). (d) Steel G, with 0.26% Mo. Mold thickness: 200 mm (8 in.). More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 12 Effect of austenitizing temperature on structure of 1% C steel. (a) Quenched from 1000 °C (1830 °F). Coarse martensite plates (gray) and retained austenite (white). Vickers hardness of 745. (b) Quenched from 750 °C (1380 °F). Spheroidized carbides (white) in a fine martensite matrix More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 13 Structure at the surface of a steel that was carburized and then subjected to decarburization. (a) Below Ac 1 . (b) Between Ac 1 and Ac 3 . (c) Above Ac 3 More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 7 Effect of welding on the life of a carbon steel structure. (a) and (b) show the 46 cm (18 in.) long crack found in a carbon steel as-forged nozzle that was arc gouged. Failure occurred after five years in service during a cold start-up procedure. (c) Micrograph showing a hardened layer More