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Stress concentration

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0048150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... by stress calculations to be very close to the maximum allowable fluctuating stress for the material. The wiper springs were concluded to be fractured in fatigue and the cyclic loading resulted from cam rotation. The maximum applied stress approached the allowable limit due to high stress-concentration...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0047234
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... this fracture-initiation area showed fatigue striations. No casting or metallurgical structural defects were found that could explain the failures. This evidence supports the conclusion that cracking was a result of the stress-concentration site at the bolt holes where a fatigue-initiated fracture occurred...
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 20 Effect of size of fillet radius on stress concentration at a change in shaft diameter. See text for discussion More
Image
Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 21 Graph of stress-concentration effects of different fillet radii on the stress-intensity factor, K More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c0047779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... concentration. To minimize this stress concentration, a larger radius fillet shaft at the critical change in section was suggested as corrective measure. Inclusions Stress concentration A6 UNS T30106 Fatigue fracture The shaft shown in Fig. 1 was part of a clamping device on a tooling assembly...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0089738
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... the conclusion that the crack in the header tube was the result of a stress concentration at the toe of the weld joining a doubler collar to the tube. The stress concentration was caused by undercutting from poor welding technique and an unfavorable joint design that did not permit a good fit-up. Recommendations...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... The effect of crack-like defects, stress concentration at the weld toe, residual tensile stress, and lack of penetration contributed to a shorter fatigue crack initiation phase and premature failure. concentric pipe fatigue fracture welding defects steel window-type fracture optical emission...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001542
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... at this time ultimately resulted in pitting of the metal. The combination of surface pitting and stress concentration at the nearby inclusions resulted in stress-corrosion cracking. Aircraft components Cylinders Landing gear Nonmetallic inclusions Stress concentration 4340 UNS G43400 Pitting...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0089633
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
..., and nital etched 100x magnification) supported the conclusion that the crack initiated at the inner edge of a lubrication hole and had propagated toward both the threaded and flange ends of the casting. An appreciable residual-stress concentration must have been present and caused propagation of the crack...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... It concludes with a section on the XRD stress measurements in multiphase materials and composites and in locations of stress concentration. calibration composites corrosion fatigue failure analysis heat treatment residual stresses sample selection specimen preparation stress concentration stress...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0089774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
.... Investigation (visual inspection, 0.4x magnification, and stress analysis) supported the conclusion that a likely cause for the fatigue failure was the combination of residual stresses generated in welding and centrifugal service stresses from operation that were accentuated by areas of stress concentration...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... web welds. The arch rib top plate, as it met the main girder, formed a composite beam of A588/A36 composition. Investigation showed the original design of the failed component called for an angle of high geometric stress concentration (90 deg with no radius) in a region of substantial transverse weld...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... were aggravated by poor detail design between vertical and horizontal tubes. Stresses observed in the ANSYS analysis were not sufficient to cause the onset of fatigue. However when compounded by stress concentration factors and in-service dynamic loading, the frame could have been regularly subjected...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... of changes of form that gave rise to stress concentrations. The “fatigue” aspect of design became of increasing importance with the arrival of the high speed steam and, later, the internal combustion engine because of the need to reduce the scantlings in order to minimise both inertia effects and total...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... explains the SCC, which occurs due to welding, metalworking process, and stress concentration, including options for investigation and corrective measures. It describes the sources of stresses in service and the effect of composition and metal structure on the susceptibility of SCC. The article provides...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... slow crack growth until final fracture. The natural stress concentration at the thread root, when tightened to the required clamp load concomitant with the presence of cracks in the carburized case, was sufficient to exceed the critical stress intensity for hydrogen-assisted stress cracking (HASC...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0047558
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... of fatigue that had been subjected to appreciable rubbing. The fracture appeared to be typical of rotary bending fatigue under conditions of a low nominal stress with a severe stress concentration. It appeared that the fatigue cracks initiated in the surface-weld layer. The weld deposit in the original...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0090114
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... to the cooling holes, which led to relatively high thermal stresses at the holes located at the thicker sections of the airfoil, and stress concentration of 2.5 at the cooling hole and the presence of relatively high total strain (an inelastic strain of 1.2%) at the cooling hole surface. Recommendations include...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001547
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... that stress concentration depended on end hook bend sharpness. Also, interference fits are to be avoided in the end hooks of small springs. Additionally, a need for careful consideration of the stress-corrosion properties of candidate materials for spring applications has been demonstrated by stress-corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001466
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... of the shaft arising from misalignment were responsible for the fatigue failure, which occurred in a region of stress concentration where insignificant fillet radius had been provided. Bend properties Gear boxes Hoists Stress concentration Alloy steel Fatigue fracture This shaft, which carried...