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Strain aging

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001590
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
...Abstract Abstract This case study demonstrates that Alloy 601 (UNS N06601) is susceptible to strain-age cracking. The observation illustrates the potential importance of post weld heat treatment to the successful utilization of this alloy in certain applications. Steam reforming Inconel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001452
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... where embrittlement had developed following plastic straining and service at a temperature of 260 deg C (500 deg F) suggested that failure resulted from strain-age embrittlement. Brackets Ovens Rimming steel Brittle fracture A bracket which formed part of the carrier of a chain conveyor...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... Microstructural examination indicated brittle fracture caused by strain aging. Replacement of all studs on the man hole cover and examination of the boiler steel in other places were recommended. Steam engines Strain aging EN2 Brittle fracture Background Visual Examination of General Physical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... was there any indication of a pre-existing crack or major discontinuity at the point of origin. A sulfur print suggested the hook had been forged from a billet cogged down from an ingot of semi-killed steel. Failure of this hook was attributed to strain-age embrittlement of the material at the surface...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... a transgranular mode with cleavage and ductile, dimpled shear. Hardness values as high as 35 HRC were measured in the bend area. The as-galvanized bolts fractured in a brittle manner. Failure was attributed to improper bending of the bolts, which provided a severely cold-worked bend area susceptible to strain-age...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0048840
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
...-stress levels after welding. Lamellar tearing Pressure vessels Strain aging Welded joints ASTM A201 Grade B Joining-related failures Brittle fracture A spherical carbon steel fixed-catalyst bed reactor failed after 20 years of service while in a standby condition ( Fig. 1 ). At the time...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... structure. In addition, the nature of the fracture and the results of the notched bar impact tests showed that in spite of the high C-content, the eye bolt had become brittle as a result of aging. Cleavage Eyebolts Materials selection Strain aging St 37-2N Brittle fracture After several...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001723
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
...·02 — Fig. 28 Mode of failure of link-joint plates Fig. 29 Surface of fracture shown in Fig. 28 Fig. 30 Showing as-sheared end of plate ×10 Fig. 27 Comparison of bend tests showing brittleness resulting from strain-ageing Fig. 25 Cross section...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047080
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... the conclusions that bending of the connector tubes in the annealed condition induced critical strain near the neutral axis of the tube, which resulted in excessive growth of individual grains during the subsequent solution treatment. Recommendations included bending the connector tubes in the T4 temper as early...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001474
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
.... It is possible, therefore, that if over-straining of the hook occurred on a previous occasion, then subsequent ageing of the material may have been a contributory cause of failure. The circumstances strongly suggested that failure of the hook resulted from overloading. At the time of the failure the hook...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... due to material alteration is very complex. No engineering component is immune from changes in material properties from mechanical strain, gross damage, and change in material microstructure or embrittlement. Complex engineering failures also can result from simultaneous multiple alterations...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... from changes in material properties from mechanical strain, gross damage, and change in material microstructure or embrittlement. Complex engineering failures also may result from simultaneous multiple alterations. Fracture Modes and Mechanisms When dealing with a fracture (not all failures...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0005695
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of terms that have been removed from glossaries created by consensus approval. An example is the term endurance limit. The endurance limit presumably indicates a threshold stress for infinite life in cyclic loading. It appears in S-N data for materials that strain age and is therefore associated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006798
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... . The compilers also discourage the use of terms that have been removed from glossaries created by consensus approval. An example is the term endurance limit . The endurance limit presumably indicates a threshold stress for infinite life in cyclic loading. It appears in S - N data for materials that strain...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to 2 in.) in diameter. Stress relief at 620 °C (1150 °F) after swaging was specified but was inadvertently omitted, and when the tube was expanded in a hole in a tube sheet, it broke in a brittle manner. The fracture was the result of strain aging of the steel, which can occur at room temperature...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... fracture, oblique to the wire axis. This form of failure can occur when tensile overload conditions are combined with loss of ductility in the wire. This loss of ductility could arise from several causes, such as inclusions in the wire, excessive local work hardening, strain aging, or (possibly...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001449
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... occurred in the locality of the “set” in the plate, it is probable that strain-ageing was a contributory factor. It is evident that, on an occasion when some abnormal shock load was imposed, the presence of the cracks served to trigger off a brittle rupture in the plate in which they had developed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... set of circumstances that can cause specimen-scale shear banding is the combination of minimum strain hardening and negative strain-rate hardening. A second case in which the central fibrous zone is (apparently) absent has been reported in an HY-100 steel. Both cases are discussed in this article...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... geometric factors and materials aspects that influence the stress-strain behavior and fracture of ductile metals. It highlights fractures arising from manufacturing imperfections and stress raisers. The article presents a root cause failure analysis case history to illustrate some of the fractography...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001685
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... ways. First, specimens with higher levels of hydrogen averaged lower ductile values than specimens with lower hydrogen content. The role of hydrogen becomes more complicated in the presence of inclusion clusters and slower strain rate conditions. The preponderance of erratic ductile behavior observed...