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Storage tanks, corrosion

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract This paper describes the investigation of a corrosion failure of bottom plates on an aboveground tank used for the storage of potable water. The tank was internally inspected for the first time after six years of service. Paint blisters and rust spots were observed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0091208
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
...Abstract Abstract A failure of an aboveground storage tank occurred due to external corrosion of the tank floor. The liquid asphalt tank operated at elevated temperatures (approximately 177 deg C, or 350 deg F) and had been in service for six years. Cathodic protection (rectifiers) had been...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001386
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract Two type 420 martensitic stainless steel load cell bodies, which had been installed under two of the four legs of a milk storage tank failed in service. The failure occurred near a change in section and involved fracture of the entire cross section. Examination showed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Nuclear reactors Repair welding Sensitizing Storage tanks, corrosion Weld defects Welded joints 304 UNS S30400 Stress-corrosion cracking Intergranular corrosion Background Testing Procedure and Results Discussion Conclusion and Recommendations Selected Reference Selected...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001348
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... 1 Schematic of the helium storage tank. The areas where samples were taken are indicated: 1, intergranular corrosion testing; 2, hardness testing; 3, microscopy; 4, fractography; 5, residual stress measurements; 6, Chemical analysis Scanning Electron Microscopy/Fractography The specimens...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001639
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... in this paper demonstrate that remote UT examination can be successfully applied to large, inaccessible structures. An inactive, high-level radioactive waste storage tank was successfully examined for wall thinning, corrosion at liquid/vapor interfaces, SCC, and pitting. Previously identified leak sites were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001068
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract Four tanks made from type 304L stainless steel were removed from storage. Atmospheric corrosion on the outside of the tanks and pitting and crevice corrosion on the inside were visible. Metallographic examination revealed that the internal corrosion had been caused by crevices...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001655
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
.... Localized carbide segregation in the original plate served as preferential corrosion sites. Had the tanks been hydrostatically tested in a proper manner, the pitting may not have occurred. Corrosion environments Nitric acid Sewage Solvents Storage tanks 304L UNS S30403 Pitting corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract High-level radioactive wastes generated during the processing of nuclear materials are kept in large underground storage tanks made of low-carbon steel. The wastes consist primarily of concentrated solutions of sodium nitrate and sodium hydroxide. Each of the tanks is equipped...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001525
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... cleaning Storage tanks 1006 UNS G10060 Uniform corrosion Metalworking-related failures Introduction Failure of Welded Steel Vessels Analysis of the Tank Laboratory Testing Electrochemical Impedance Cyclic Polarization Selected References Selected References • Freeman...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... did it include a postweld heat treatment to remove weld sensitization and minimize residual stresses. storage tank corrosion welding defects stainless steel transgranular cracks fractography impact absorbed energy AISI 304 (austenitic stainless steel) UNS S30400 AISI 308 (austenitic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0091318
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... of Corrosion-Related Failures , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 749 – 760 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549 There had been departures from the specified procedure for chemical cleaning of the tanks in preparation for potable water storage...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... sludge storage tank during repairs. A structural epoxy will be applied to the reinforced concrete. Courtesy of S. Paul, CorrTech, Inc. Fig. 5 Two views of severe corrosion of wastewater tunnel structure. Note the failed lining repairs. Courtesy of S. Paul, CorrTech, Inc. Fig. 7...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001454
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... the hydrogen was able to accumulate and build up pressure. Had the material been free from discontinuities of appreciable size, the blistering would not have occurred. Blistering Corrosion environments Storage tanks Low-carbon steel Hydrogen damage and embrittlement Examination of the interior...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001064
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... International , 2002 , p 881 – 898 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556 • Forms of Corrosion , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 761 – 795 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548 The type 304 stainless steel pipelines, vessels, and tanks...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... was at such a distance from the weld that the heat of welding could have raised the metal temperature to 550 to 700 deg C (1292 deg F). The corrosion of the shell material which occurred at the shell side of the weld under the backing ring is also an example of crevice corrosion. Leakage Sensitization Storage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006823
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... by corrosion under insulation in an organic sulfur environment, and an equalization tank with localized corrosion in the shell courses in a chemicals facility. In the first two cases, remaining life is assessed by determining the minimum thickness required to operate the corroded equipment. The first is based...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001720
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... detonation, the best steel available today would not have had any impact on the outcome. Heavy banding in steels from both periods could adversely affect the corrosion resistance under anaerobic conditions that prevail during a corrosion cycle that has developed under hard biofouling layers for over 58 years...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006802
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... nondestructive evaluation technique would indicate removal of the component from service. In addition to damage-tolerance requirements, nondestructive inspection of plant equipment, such as pressure vessels, tanks, and piping, is performed to assess fitness-for-service when exposed to erosion or corrosive...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... treatment, drinking water supply, pulp and paper making, and other industrial sectors. Microbially induced corrosion is also a concern whenever metals are exposed directly to the environment in applications including marine or buried piping, storage tanks, ships, nuclear waste containers, pilings, marine...