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Steel wire rope

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... Abstract A 3.8-cm diam 6 x 37 rope of improved plow steel wire failed in service during dumping of a ladle of hot slag. A heavy blue oxide extending 0.6 to 0.9 m back from each side of the break was revealed on examination of the rope. Tensile fractures were shown by the broken ends of the rope...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... Abstract An AISI type 303(Se) stainless steel eye terminal that was roll swaged on the end of a 9.5 mm diam wire rope cracked extensively after one year of service. A hairline crack that had initiated at the inner surface of the fitting was revealed by metallographic examination of a sectioned...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048026
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... Abstract The 11 mm diam 8 x 19 fiber-core rope, constructed from improved plow steel wire, on the cleaning-line crane failed while lifting a normal load of coils after five weeks of service. Several broken wires and fraying of the fiber core were revealed by visual examination of a section...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract A 6 x 19 fiber core steel wire rope failed as it was being used to lower a steel television tower. Fracture of the rope occurred at a point under one of two clips used to fashion a spliced loop that was directly connected to the top of the tower. Microscopic examination of the fracture...
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 1 End of a steel wire-rope wire that failed in tension because of overloading. Necking at the end of the wire indicates ductile fracture. More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Steel wire rope, used on a cleaning-line crane, that failed from fatigue resulting from vibration caused by shock loading. (a) Section of the wire rope adjacent to the fracture. Approximately 1 1 2 ×. (b) Unetched longitudinal section of a wire from the rope showing fatigue More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 2 Components of a steel wire rope. Source: Ref 1 . Created by P. Toone. Courtesy of OSHA DTSEM/SLTC More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 8 Steel wire rope with heavy corrosion and broken individual wires resulting from intermittent underwater service More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001646
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... of Z-profile wires on the outer rope layer were abrasion induced and accentuated by arrays of fine transverse cracks that developed on a surface martensite layer. Surface martensite Wire breakage Steel wire rope Abrasive wear Brittle fracture Steel wire ropes of different constructions...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... Abstract A 13 mm diam 18 x 7 fiber-core improved plow steel nonrotating wire rope, brought into service as a replacement for 6 x 37 improved plow steel ropes, failed after 14 months of service on a stacker crane. The change was reported to have been caused by difficulties twisting of the 6 x 37...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... Abstract The 16 mm diam 6 x 37 fiber-core improved plow steel wire rope on a scrapyard crane failed after two weeks of service under normal loading conditions. This type of rope was made of 0.71 to 0.75% carbon steel wires and a tensile strength of 1696 to 1917 MPa. The rope broke when...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0048039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... Abstract One of six cables on a passenger elevator was found fractured during a routine inspection. The cable is made of 16-mm steel wire rope designated 8 x 19 G Preformed Extra High Strength Special Traction Elevator Cable with fiber core. Samples of wire from the cable revealed two types...
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Wire rope, made of improved plow steel with a fiber core, that failed because of heavy abrasion and crushing under normal loading. (a) Crushed rope showing abraded wires and crown wear. 1.8×. (b) Nital-etched specimen showing martensite layer (top) and uniform, heavily drawn More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001527
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... Abstract Mechanical properties of wire ropes, their chemical composition, and the failure analysis process for them are described. The wires are manufactured from high-carbon, plain carbon steel, with high-strength ropes most often manufactured from AISI Grade 1074. During visual failure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001464
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
..., if not prevented, in wire ropes by regular attention to lubrication. Wire rope Steel wire rope Fatigue fracture Corrosion fatigue The splintering of wire ropes in service, except in those instances where abrasion or severe corrosion has led to thinning and ultimate fracture of the wires, is another...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... a limited area. The types of metal components used in lifting equipment include gears, shafts, drums and sheaves, brakes and brake wheels, couplings, bearings, wheels, electrical switchgear, chains, steel wire rope, and hooks. This article will primarily deal with many of these metal components of lifting...
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 2 Typical longitudinal (left) and transverse (right) microstructure of high strength steel wire rope. 2% Nital etch (500×) More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006830
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of a lifting mechanism is an unfortunately common practice and often leads to either ductile or brittle fracture. Figure 1 shows a steel wire rope that fractured in tension due to overloading. With a fatigue type of failure, the member will usually fail at a load well below its specified load limit; thus...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001607
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... near the surface of individual wire strands in the rope. The inclusions were identified as Al-Ca-Ti silicates in a large number of stringers, and some oxide and nitride inclusions were also found. The wire used in the rope did not conform to the composition specified for AISI 316 grade steel, nor did...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... The rope was made from multiple strands of 1095 steel wire. Its chemical composition, ferrite-pearlite structure, and high hardness indicate that the wire is a type of extra improved plow steel (EEIPS grade). The morphologies of the fracture surfaces suggest that the wires were subjected to tensile...